1984 (1458 words)

October 23, 2018 Media

1984Nineteen Eighty-Four is a compelling novel,written in the period just after W.W.II. It details the life of one man, Winston Smith, and his struggles with an undoubtedlyfascist government. The book is set approximately in the year 1984, in which Winston’s society is ruled by a governing forceknown as The Party. At the head of this government is a fictional figure known as Big Brother, to whom all citizens must loveand respect. In this society, privacy and freedom do not exist. People are constantly monitored by telescreens, and subjectedto a constant barrage of propaganda. Any devious thought or action is dealt with by cruel and deadly punishment. Winston is aworker in one of the government agencies. His job: to rewrite the past so that The Party, specifically Big Brother, appears tobe omnipotent. From as long as he can remember, he has despised The Party and what it stood for, although he doesn’t revealhis true feelings to anyone around him. When Winston begins a torrid love affair with one of the young women in his agencynamed Julia, he finds someone else who shares in his beliefs. The two have several meetings throughout the book, in which theydiscuss their hatred for the government. They join a secret alliance called The Brotherhood, who’s specific purpose is the endof The Party. Through the literature of The Brotherhood, they learn about the inner workings of The Party and how itaccomplishes its stronghold on the people. The world as Winston knows it comes crashing down when he and Julia arearrested by the thought police, a faction of the government which deals with those who do not agree and abide by the ways ofThe Party. They are taken to a prison unlike any other. Winston is constantly tortured and beaten, until he confesses to crimeswhich he didn’t commit or never even happened. If the party just killed Winston right away, they might run the risk of making amartyr out of him. Instead they re-educate him with the morals of The Party, using such techniques as pain, starvation, andusing Winston’s greatest fear against him. Once re- educated, he is introduced back into society. But he is not the same person,just a hollow shell. Winston had once said in the novel that if he could die hating Big Brother, then he would have won. Butwhen Winston is finally killed, the only thing he can think is that he loves Big Brother. As this book was written just after thereign of Hitler in W.W.II, one can easily guess where Orwell got the basis for it. The world was in a general state of disbeliefand panic after the atrocities that Hitler had committed. It was hoped that nothing like this would ever happen again. NineteenEighty- Four is a good reason why. The novel shows what could have happened if Hitler was able to continue upon his questfor power. The novel can also apply to the present era, as the novel was actually set in more modern times. Not only does thenovel apply to Hitler’s way of thinking, but also to Stalin. Even though both are at opposite sides of the political spectrum, theyboth established totalitarian governments. The Party also ran a totalitarian government but on a much larger scale. A large partof the novel deals with the relationship between The Party and society. Many of the techniques used by The Party are similar tothose used by Hitler or any controlling government for that matter. One of these ways is by propaganda. With telescreens ineveryone’s homes, it was very easy to broadcast the views and beliefs of The Party. Also, as this was the only form ofbroadcasted media, the government could easily control what the people watched and listened to. Another form of propagandawas by means of posters and slogans. In this society it was impossible to go anywhere without seeing a poster of Big Brotherand reading slogans such as BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU and War is Peace…Freedom is Slavery…Ignorance isStrength. Hitler was a big fan of propaganda and used it a great deal. Also, The Party controlled all written media, andtherefore could write and re-write anything it chooses to. During his reign, Hitler realized that he needed to get younger peopleinvolved in


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