Sick Role in Sociology

Sick role in nursing care -developed from functionalist perspective Right: exemption from normal social roles; from responsibility for self-care Obligation: to want to get well speedily; to consult expert medical opinion; cooperate with medical experts and therapists throughout their illness – patients and health care professionals have different expectations of patients’ hospital role Your Project Will Be Finished Soon! – click here for more http://www.apsense.com/brand/EssayLab . The current emphasis on encouraging patients to participate in their own care is in direct conflict with one of the obligations of their sick role, which is to unquestioningly comply with the opinions of health professionals. The hospital sick role is therefore a form of dependence, with patients relying on health care professionals to meet their physical needs and make decisions on their behalf. This may benefit both patients and staff. Patients have time to rest and while staff know that most patients will comply with the treatments they are prescribed. -However, the current emphasis on encouraging patients to participate in decision-making/care plan/self-care/self-medication is in direct conflict with their sick-role obligation to comply unquestioningly with medical experts and therapists -if the patient does not comply: Try to make patients understand the benefits of participation /Evaluate what patients already understand about their condition, as well as their intellectual ability/Give patients simple written or verbal explanations/Avoid using medical jargon/ Understand that some may need more support than others/Understand that some may need more support than others when being encouraged to participate in their care. What is sociological imagination? Why nurses study sociology? Sociological imagination enable nurse to move beyond common sense explanation to the development of a more critical approach to nursing practice. To understand that personal trouble is not “a person’s problem,” but the society. E. g. teenage sex worker: not because they are “too poor,” but they want to earn a lot of money to buy brand-name purse, shoes… which they learned it from mass media; distorted “sex” concept which they dun care how easy they can be affected with STD. What is socialization? Socialization is a life-long process by which we learn the ways of a particular group.

It is mainly affected by nurture Primary socialization is the process whereby people learn the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. For example, Eskimos learn to enjoy eating the raw intestines of birds and fish while Chinese people eat Carp’s heads and the tripe (stomach tissue) of pigs Secondary socialization refers to the processes of socialization in which a person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships (See Appelbaum & Chambliss, 1997:76).

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Henslin (2004:71) offers the example of a high school student who, upon hearing he had been accepted to a university, began to wear college student-type cloths. Agents of socialization which affect health?? Family: primary group to learn from immediate people to meet all needs of the children e. g. eating out all the time may indicate high BMI, high cholesterol e. g. smoking in the house increase the risk of allergy or predispose lung cancer; if family member smoke, increase smoking behavior for teenager. School: teach children to think and behave logically & legally, prepare organizational life e. . Eat meal & exercise regularly; sleep and wake up early due to regular school schedule; Peer group: breaking away from school or family e. g. teenager run away from home and develop drug addition, drinking, or smoking problem while wandering in the street or gathering with friends Mass media: distortion & stereotyping. e. g. slimness is the way to show beauty(anorexia; use of OTC medication prior scientific approval; eating McDonald bring you happiness and good relationship Gender role socialization in health care/in nursing?

Gender socialization refers to the learning of behavior and attitudes considered appropriate for a given sex. Boys learn to be boys and girls learn to be girls. This “learning” happens by way of many different agents of socialization. The family is certainly important in reinforcing gender roles, but so are one’s friends, school, work and the mass media. e. g. in children book, a Dr. is male while a nurse is woman. Woman is considered as care giver (chronic illness or childbearing) and expression role. Increase stress, social isolation, burden, few job promotion, and neuroendocrine disease

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