Diversity –Diversity means treating everyone equally regardless of their colour, age, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, talent etc. It is different from treating people the same as different people have different needs and therefore individuality should be taken into account. An example of this would be given two different members of staff information about services available written in English, if one of those people spoke another language and could not understand English. Equality – Equality means treating everybody the same. This is alongside the diversity which is about everyone being treated different, however true equality means treating everyone different in order to treat them the same.
For example are men and women equally paid?? Does everyone have the right to speak freely? Inclusion- Inclusion exists when members of a company or organisation act accordingly recognising and respecting individual’s similarities and difference. Again it means everyone should have equal rights and opportunities regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, faith, culture, background, special education needs and disabilities. Discrimination – Discrimination is when one person or a group of people are being treated less favourably than another on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, religious belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. Task A2
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An individual- Discrimination can affect a person physically such as headaches, poor appetite, weight loss or gain and deterioration in health. Potential effects of discrimination may affect a person’s emotional state such as a lack of self-esteem, lack of confidence, insecurity and depression. A person’s social status may also be affected such as a lack of friends, become withdrawn, unable to build relationships and poor performance.
Their families- Discrimination can affect their families by causing the same effects as to the individual and causing stress, worry and affect their home and work life. Wider society – It can lower morale among communities and cause split in society between those who go along with it and those who see it as an injustice. There will also be those who might not agree with it but don’t want to get involved until it actually starts to affect their own lives. Those who discriminate – It can give them a sense of power and it can make them feel superior especially if they aren’t challenged. If they are challenged by enough people they may reconsider their views and actions.
The way in which we interact with each other in society is regulated by law. The equality act 2010 brings together all previous acts relating to equality and discrimination. The act protects all individuals and groups from discrimination. Having legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity and discrimination means everyone can enjoy rights and opportunities. Everyone has a responsibility to ensure we follow legislation and codes and promote equality, diversity and discrimination which in turn will make a difference. In my work place we have all policies set out and must be adhered to by staff.
These policies bring together all the main points relating to equality, diversity and discrimination. Inclusive practice broadly means ensuring that there are no barriers that would exclude people or make it difficult for them to fully participate in society. People should be included in all aspects of life and not excluded from some due to illness or disabilities. Over the years separate worlds have developed in order to meet people’s needs for example separate workshops, education groups, living accommodation for people with mental health needs or people with disabilities.
The same goes for older people they have been separated by day centres and clubs. However separate is no equal therefore we need an inclusive society that everyone can enjoy. Inclusive practice is about providing the support that people want in order to live their lives as fully as possible. Some simple examples would be to provide a ramp for wheelchair access to buildings, provide information in more than one format such as brail, audio, different languages and larger fonts. Inclusive practice means constantly asking “what changes need to happen so that this person can participate?” and making changes happen within your limitations. In turn this would promote equality and support diversity.
Awareness of any cause can be raised by informing through speaking, creative flyers or building an informative website. Word could also be spread by use of social networking platforms such as facebook and twitter
Working in a way that recognises that people have a right to take part in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as they possibly can and so to support them by helping only with what they can’t do for themselves. For example whilst washing and dressing allow them to do as much as they can for themselves and then ask if they would like you to do the parts they can’t reach ie: back, legs feet and maybe bottom. Also ask them what they would like to wear.
People who are not given their right to choices may soon suffer from lack of confidence in their own ability to do everyday things and lose self esteem. They then may become convinced that they are unable to do things for themselves and then become dependent on others. People who are confident and have a positive view of themselves and who believe they have worth and value are far more likely to be happy and healthy than someone who has no self esteem and lacks in confidence.