2.3- Theorists

September 21, 2016 Teaching

2.3 – Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice support

Research information / guidance

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Choose 3 theorists to research PLUS social pedagogy

Theories / theorists

??? Cognitive ??“ Piaget

??? Psychoanalytic ??“ Freud

??? Humanist ??“ Maslow

??? Social learning ??“ Bandura

??? Operant conditioning ??“ Skinner

??? Behaviourist ??“ Watson

Frameworks to support development

??? Social pedagogy (the teaching)

Identify what the theory is, that the theorist is explaining (not when and where they were born)

Give examples of how this is reflected in your school

??? Activities

??? Teaching styles

??? Curriculum / Planning

??? Policies and procedures (behaviour, Every child matters

Useful web sites / reading








Book – Practical Pre-School ???How children learn??™ ISBN ??“ 1-904575-09-9

Maslow believed that people were driven to fulfil their potential. He believed that all humans have certain needs that need to be taken care of. He also believed that when one set of needs had been completed a new set of needs would be come known. Through mallows research and studies Maslow came to the conclusion that humans are driven to satisfy their needs for example if we are thirsty or hungry we go and get something to eat or drink. He also believe that some of our needs take priority over others. So he came up with the hiaracie of needs.

1. Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.

2. Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc.

3. Belongingness and Love needs – work group, family, affection, relationships, etc.

4. Esteem needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.

5. Self-Actualization needs – realising personal potential, self-fulfilment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.


Watson came up with the term behaviourism which refers to behavioural changes due to environmental issues such as parents splitting up, moving house, and parent getting a new partner. Watson did not believe in an inborn development plan of any kind. He clamed that ???through manipulation of the environment children could be trained to do anything??? farther to this he said ???Give me a dozen healthy infants well-formed and my own specified world to bring them up in and I??™ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select ??“ doctor, lawyer, merchant, chief and even a beggar man, thief, regardless of his talent, penchants, abilities, vocations and the race of his ancestors. In a famous study known as the little Albert experiment Watson conditioned a Baby to fear white rats. When the baby was in a room with the rats Watson would make a banging sound to frighten the child over time the child associated the noise with the rats so in time learnt to fear the rats.

Word count 1500 – 2000

Remember to reference your work


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