???A personalised induction will always be more effective???. Discuss
This essay will discuss the reasons why a personalised induction is on the whole more effective than using just a regular induction.
Personalised inductions incorporate taking into consideration a clients possible likes and dislike including their hobbies and their work. It is surely advantageous to be aware of topics that are going to repel as well as patterns of speech and behaviour that will help relax them and put them at ease. It is also important that the affirmations mean something to the person who will be using them. Standard affirmations such as ???each and every day, in every way, I am getting better and better??™ will help most people. Personalised affirmations will be more specifically tailored to the problem at hand and consequently be more effective
Using standardised scripts as anything more than a template for a therapist to expand on and adapt would be providing a less than satisfactory treatment plan for the client, as it may not help them. Neurolingusitic programming (NLP) shows you how to understand and model your own successes, so that you can reproduce them. It is a way of discovering and unfolding your personal genius, a way of bringing out the best in yourself and others. In accordance with NLP, people see the world and react to it very differently. For example, some of us are visual, some auditory and the rest kinesthetic. In order to create an effective treatment plan in hypnosis the therapist must create an induction script for their client. If a visual child is taught at school with visual techniques they are more likely to be academically successful than a visual child who is taught with auditory techniques. This holds true in hypnosis. However, a therapist must also take other factors into consideration when developing a suitable treatment plan and language, such as would the client respond well to permissive techniques or are they more suited to the authoritarian technique Although, this is not a popular method any more it may still have a place in hypnotherapy with the right person. It is also essential that a therapist is aware of any other aspects to the client which could be an issue if not noted before a session. For example, allergies and phobias could both dictate how a therapist treats their client. If undetected before the treatment, it may cause unnecessary distress to the client and break the client therapist trust. If a client has an aversion to water, then water imagery should be avoided. If, however a client likes water, then water imagery can be incorporated to help the client feel more relaxed. Therefore, a personalised script is always going to be the safest and most helpful way to treat a client
The premise of Erickson hypnotherapy is that we all have the resources within to solve our own issues. As oppose to classical hypnotherapy being authoritarian and direct, Erikson developed a much more permissive and indirect style which he believed led to less resistance in the patient. His approach included storytelling, metaphors and puns. Hypnotherapy uses guided imagery, metaphors and tone to induce a trance state, thereby allowing access to the resources that are normally outside of our awareness. The client is then able to bring about positive changes and find solutions. People are taught to recognise and associate themselves into more useful and powerful states eg confident, assertive, self worthy, relaxed, focused and empowered states. This particular type of hypnotherapy is non-directive and, unlike other hypnotherapy, it is completely client centred rather than suggestive. Rather than delivering directive instructions, the Ericksonian suggestion allows the patients unconscious to realise its goal in its own way. For example, “you will stop smoking” is commanding whilst, “you can become a non-smoker” is more permissive and suggestive of the clients innate ability to stop smoking. Another example of an indirect suggestion is ” perhaps your eyes will grow tired as you listen to this story, and you will want to close them, because people can, you know, experience a pleasant, deepening sense of comfort as they allow their eyes to close, and they relax deeply???. The persons unconscious awareness thus responds
It is also extremely important for the therapist in the introduction phase to find out if there are any fears, phobias or illnesses which may be triggered with the language used in the induction. A therapist must find out this information before the trance, this is to avoid unnecessary stress to the subject and also to avoid interruption of the hypnotic process. For example, if someone suffered from hay fever you would not want to use imagery relating to being in the garden on a hot summers day, as this might trigger a physical response. Likewise if someone was afraid of water you would not want to use imagery relating to the sea or water in any context. ???In the course of a research programme, the induction and so on was standardised, an image used was that of a lift. One elderly lady told one of the authors after the session that when she had been asked to see the lift doors open ready for her to get in; she had decided to go down the stairs instead.??? As well eliminating certain language/imagery which may cause distress the therapist can choose to add imagery, language that evokes good memories in the subject and may help them feel more at ease both during the session and after, this is know as the ???private place??™. The idea is that in experiencing and recapturing a moment in time when the client was happy, they can then counteract the negative emotions affecting them in their current lives, Examples of language that can be used is as follows, ???I would like you now to let yourself go back in time, back through your life to that time and place when you felt completely happy and relaxed, when everything was fine??? or alternatively ???What I would like you to do now is to imagine that you have a photograph album in front of you. This photo album is a collection of all the good times in your life.???
Addictions are another area in which therapists need to use their discretion on a treatment plan that can be followed. The reasons people become addicts can vary from person to person. For example, a smoker may become addicted to cigarettes for any of the following: low self esteem, stress, weight control, to feel comfortable in social situations. A therapist would then be likely to counter balance the cigarette habit by helping the client to form new more healthy habits, such as deep breathing exercises etc. Again this is dependent on what works well for the client. Clients may also have varying levels of expectation in terms of completely going cold turkey on their addiction. Some people may feel comfortable trying to give up cigarettes bit by bit as opposed to all at once. This means the therapist would have to adapt the language of their induction to suit the needs of the client. For example for those who wish to give up completely the therapist may say words such as ???You are now a non smoker??? but for someone else may say ???You are now smoking less than last week???. The same techniques would likely be used for other addictions such as weight loss. Identifying the root cause of the problem, introducing new healthier habits into the lifestyle of the client etc.
In one sense, we use personalised inductions because people are individuals and deserve the personal touch. However, it it precisely because we recognise that people are individuals and dynamically unique, that we recognise that an initial consultation cant tell you everything you ever need to know about someone. A personalised induction can presume too much, as if youve now got the person tagged and know all about their modalities, etc.
It is a matter of respect to treat our clients as people, not merely hypnotic subjects. That requires talking with them and ??“ more importantly ??“ listening to them. This then provides us with more doorways into their subconscious, as we pay attention to the things that relax them, the way they process experiences and the style of behaviour that they will likely best react to.
Personalising inductions also includes taking into account a clients likes and dislikes, their work, hobbies they have and so on. It includes being aware of topics that are going to repel them, as well as patterns of speech and behaviour that will relax them. ?
At the very least, this will prevent us from making the mistake of one therapist who included the image of floating off on a cloud with a client who was scared of heights!
Given the therapists own preferences and the unique relationship and connection that they will have with each client, it seems to me that each induction is inevitably personalised. It??™s simply a question of whether it??™s personalised well or not.
* Alleviates the risk of misunderstanding………
* More targeted, based on the understanding of what a patient needs
* Could take less time
* More likely to produce a result……
* More generalised approach could highlight something new or unexpected
* Less time to prepare
* Range of controlled responses
* Misinterpretation of problems
[ 1 ]. Hypnotherapy A Practical Handbook, Hellmut Karle and Jennifer Boys, p27.
[ 2 ]. Hypnotherapy A Practical Handbook, Hellmut Karle and Jennifer Boys,, p74-75
[ 3 ]. Hypnosis for Change, 3rd Edition, Josie Hadley and Carol Staudacher, p81