African American History
May 1, 2012
College of Humanities
ETH/125 Version 7
Back between the 1700s and 1800s African Americans came to America as slaves. My grandfather was one of the millions of African American Slaves. When I was a little girl my grandfather told me a horrible story that his father told him about how he would get whipped to the point to where he urinated in his pants. He told us that he thought is name was Negro. His mother had a talk with him and told him never to look at those white people in the eyes and to answer to whatever they call you. Even though his name was Joseph, she told him that the white folks didn??™t care to even know what his real name was. My grandfather realized that he was a slave and the white folks owned all the slaves. He said every time a white person needed work done, they would call his family to do it, no matter what type of job it was. Slaves didn??™t have any rights; they were property of their owners.
In the Mid 1800s According to African American, encyclopedia article, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves in the southern states at war with the North.
The 13th Amendment outlawed slavery in the United States between 1865 and 1870. The 14th Amendment granted full citizenship to all African Americans and the 15th Amendment extended African American males to vote. Those rights were enforced when the Union troops were in sight. After they withdrew, the Southerners created a racist group called the Klu Klux Klan to prevent any African American from voting or enforcing them in any labor contracts. The Klu Klux Klan made cruel and evil threats toward the African Americans.
The Segregation then came that was created by the Whites; this became a law in the United States. This law limited African Americans transportation, education, and all other public facilities which were enforced in the Northern and Western Regions. In 1910 The National Association for advancement of Colored People was created to assist with all the difficulties that they were facing. African Americans then became an independent community, and they began to establish, schools, banks, newspapers, and small businesses to assist the needs of their own people. This was the beginning of the Great Migration.
The Great Migration estimated to have 1 million African Americans from the South migrating to the North to remove themselves from all the racial problems. Africans Americans moved to find better employment, quality of living in the North. By 1930, This increased 20 percent in African American communities. World War 1 was one of the main factors on the African Americans moving to the North.
The Boll Weevil infestation, this was a bug that came and destroyed all the crops, grain, causing African Americans to starve. The African Americans wasn??™t earning any revenue, railroad companies paid for their travel expenses in exchange for employment. The Northern labor agent spoke up on the fact that the African Americans migrated from the south for better opportunity in employment.
The Southern employers already knew that their crops was not successful, so they began to promise African Americans better employment opportunity, and improve the treatment but the Southerners were unsuccessful, so the still migrated to the North. The Southerners went as far as trying to intimidation and attacks of both men and women aboard trains heading north.
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In 1954, U.S. Supreme Court had a ruling against Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, this was a demand that led to a dismantle of legal segregation in the south, schools, and public restrooms. March and sit-ins were some of the civil right protest.
The Southern whites tried to hold on to segregation, they violence was continuing. Several African Americans were concerned about their safety. Malcolm X and Eldridge Cleaver demanded African Americans to defend themselves with violence if necessary.
In society today African Americans has changed since Racism and Segregation in the 1800. Since 2009 we now have ore first African American President (Barack Obama). African Americans have contributed literature, art, agriculture, food, designer clothing, music, and a variety of different languages since the earliest in the North and the South.
I am proud to be an African American Women!!!!
1. What have been the experiences of this racial group throughout U.S. history
Racism against African-Americans is still popular in the United States. Even though we have laws and other protections against discrimination, African-Americans are still bombarded with discrimination in housing, employment, and education.
2. What have been the political, social, and cultural issues and concerns throughout American history
* For several years, African-American culture was separated from mainstream American culture, because of slavery and the persistence of racial discrimination in America, as well as African-American slave descendants desire to create and maintain their own traditions. Today, African-American culture has become a significant part of American culture and yet, at the same time, remains a distinct cultural body
3. What legislation meant to constrain race within prejudicial boundaries was enacted How did the various groups you researched fight this legislation
* Support for public policies to eliminate racial issues between blacks and whites. People who are negative can remain at their own level of society, while others will advance.
4. What legislation meant to alleviate prejudicial boundaries has been enacted How did the various groups you researched promote this legislation
* Statutory law, this law has been enacted by a legislature, or other governing body. It has several different purposes, to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, and to provide funds, to sanction, to grant, to declare or restrict. The legislation is usually proposed by a member of the legislature, or by a executive, and it debated by members, and its amended before it s passed.