6 Reasons For Confederation

January 17, 2017 General Studies

Political Deadlock Led To The Great Coalition In The United Provinces Of Canada.

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Canada West and Canada East were a part of Colonial Provinces. They both had an equal number of seats in the Legislative Assembly. Because different regions had different problems, more troubles and disagreements were made between.

There were four parties in the Legislative Assembly: two from Canada West and two from Canada East. The coalition government in power had difficult time getting majority of votes to pass legislation. That led to a political deadlock, and often changes in the government.


George Brown was the one that agreed to work with him political enemies, which formed a Great Coalition. There were tree out of four parties in the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces of Canada that agreed to work with him .


Reason #2.

A railway linking the colonies was needed to increase trade and to move troops.

By 1860’s Canada West, Canada East, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick had its own railways, but none off them joined the actual colonies. So there was a need to build railways that linked all of the United Provinces of Canada.

It would speed up the mail, move the troops around, distance between colonies would seem much shorted, and many more reasons. A lot of railways were build but most had financial troubles and went bankrupt. .

Reason #3.

Cancellation of the Reciprocity Treaty by the United States in 1865 ended free trade between BNA and the US.

From 1854 to 1865 there was free trade between the British North American colonies and the United States under the Reciprocity Treaty. This allowed agricultural products and raw materials to be sold across the border without high tariffs being paid. The colonies had stronger trade links with the United States than with each other.

In 1865, the United States ended the Reciprocity Treaty. People in the colonies of British North America began to think of joining together so they could trade together with no tariffs.


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