Openining Of The Graduate Film Studies Essay

“ The Graduate ” ( Mike Nichols, 1967 ) is an American comedy-drama, following the narrative of a recent college alumnus Benjamin Braddock ( Dustin Hoffman ) who, in hunt for a meaningful hereafter, experiencing lonely and alienated, starts an matter with a married adult female, Mrs. Robinson ( Anne Bancroft ) , and finally falls in love with her girl ( Katharine Ross ) , which complicates his already discriminatory state of affairs even more. In the gap of the film the witness is introduced to the chief character and subjects, besides, some reoccurring forms are revealed and the ambiance is set up through the usage of redaction, soundtrack and assorted elements of mise-en-scene. The gap and its relation to the remainder of the movie will be discussed spliting it into three every bit of import sequences: Benjamin ‘s reaching at the airdrome, the talk with his parents and the party.

The first sequence of the gap provides the audience with hints of what to anticipate from the movie. It begins with a close-up of a immature adult male looking into the distance, proposing him being the chief character of the film. The shooting is so being reframed and a zoom-out allows the witness to make a sense of infinite – the adult male is a rider on an about to the full seated field. A humdrum ambiance is created, as all the riders look inactive posing in white seats, about like frozen in a exposure – some of them are listening to music, wile others are kiping or contemplating. The diegetic sound helps to set up infinite as good: “ Ladies and gentlemen, we are about to get down our descent into Los Angeles. ” – informs the implied off-screen voice of the pilot.

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The following shooting starts parallel with non-diegetic music, Simon and Garfunkel ‘s “ The Sound of Silence ” , which is one of the subject vocals that follow the supporter throughout the narrative. The soundtrack is peculiarly important in this film, as it was “ specifically focussed towards the young person of America ” .1 The music evoked “ the liquors and sound of the sixtiess, the new coevals and the thoughts of free love, uncertainness of life after college ” .2 “ The Sound of Silence ” presents some of the cardinal subjects in the film – solitariness, failure to pass on and disaffection between people. Sadness and solitariness in a individual ‘s life is depicted through the usage of symbols, such as darkness and silence ( “ Hello darkness, my old friend ” ) , the topic of the vocal feels alienated from the outside universe and unheard, unseeable ( “ In ungratified dreams I walked entirely ” ; “ Fools ” said I, “ you do non cognize / Silence like a malignant neoplastic disease grows ” ; “ But my words like soundless raindrops fell / And echoed / In the Wellss of silence ” ) . The vocal besides illustrates the inability to pass on between people and the deficiency of meaningfulness and fulfilment in their lives ( “ Peoples speaking without talking / Peoples hearing without listening ” ; “ And no 1 dared / Disturb the sound of silence ” ) . The vocal helps to associate to the supporter of “ The Graduate ” and understand his place in the narrative ; it besides reflects a critical position towards the society which is represented through the chief characters.

“ The Sound of Silence ” is being played over an off-screen male voice that reports information about the flights and auto parking bounds, proposing the topographic point being the antecedently mentioned flight finish – Los Angeles ‘ airdrome. A trailing shooting is following the male character ( who we antecedently have seen on the plane ) from right to go forth while he is standing on the traveling pathway. He is dressed officially: wears a black suit and tie, which match his dark hair, and makes his figure stand out from the white-tiled wall in the background. The adult male is positioned on the right side of the frame and at the same clip black coloured credits are being shown on the left side of the frame – this intensifies the laterality of black and white coulours in the shooting. The adult male ‘s facial look is unagitated, with the expression focused someplace in the distance ; he is non distracted by a few people go throughing him by. This creates an look of him ‘going with the flow ‘ and non minding what happens around him. Continuity is established in the redaction as the following shooting of the hand-luggage coming out of the luggage scanner and skiding down to the land visually matches the old shooting. This sequence ends with a long shooting of the adult male traveling through the gate of the airdrome, with the baggage in his right manus and a coat in his left manus.

The 2nd sequence is important as it sets up character relationships and introduces a reoccurring metaphorical form. The whole sequence is shot in a individual shooting, merely utilizing camera techniques such as whizzing out, reframing and tracking the characters to set up playing infinite. It starts with a dissolve from the old shooting into a close-up of the male character. The whole infinite in the frame behind him is covered by an lighted fish tank, and the diegetic sound of it ( bubbling H2O ) can be heard, which instantly draws the attending of the witness and sets up an mystery of how the fish tank relates to the narrative. Water is a reoccurring metaphorical form throughout the film as it helps to make the feeling of the supporter being ‘under H2O ‘ , non wholly present in the events in his life. He could be compared to a scuba-diver whose statue is present at the underside of the fish tank: he is disconnected from the people that surround him and passively observes everything like through a diving mask. As the spectator will happen out subsequently, the chief character lets himself being seduced by an older married adult female and he ‘drifts ‘ into an matter with her.

While the same shooting is go oning, a 2nd, older male character enters the frame and topographic points himself in a place between the chief character and the witness, with the dorsum of the caput turned to the spectator as though to make a sense of going a portion of the audience. He starts a conversation and the name of the supporter is revealed: “ Hey, what ‘s the affair? The invitees are all downstairs, Ben, waiting to see you. ” It suggests Ben ( full name – Benjamin Braddock ) being the cardinal individual of the event, possibly a welcome back party as he had merely returned from another topographic point. Ben calls his colloquial spouse ‘dad ‘ , uncovering their relation to each other, and asks him to explicate to the invitees that he needs some clip entirely. The male parent so tells Benjamin that they are ‘all good friends ‘ , most of whom have known him since he was born, bespeaking that they may instead be friends to his parents than to him due to the age difference. “ What is it? ” – asks the male parent and Benjamin confesses that he is worried about his ain hereafter and wants it to be ‘different ‘ . Ben ‘s desire to be different instantly creates a distance between him and the figure of his male parent. Consequently, a inquiry arises to the audience: why does Benjamin desire to be different and from whom or what?

At this point a 3rd individual enters the room and blocks the position standing in forepart of the camera: “ Is anything incorrect? ” – a female voice is heard. As the camera zooms out, the witness is given an chance to hold a better expression at the three figures: Benjamin, his male parent and the adult female are dressed officially – Benjamin wears a white shirt, his male parent – a black suit, and the adult female is have oning an elegant bright coloured glistening frock and a diamond watchband, bespeaking wealth. The adult female helps Ben put on his suit while informing about the reaching of the Carlsons, which suggests her being the female parent. She unwrinkles Ben ‘s shirt and repair his hair, making an feeling of a neat and orderly individual. The camera starts tracking the household as they leave the room and enter the corridor. The dominant colors in this and the undermentioned shootings of the party in the house are black and white ( white walls, black and white inside inside informations, vesture ) , making a important contrast which represents antonyms ( Ben desiring to hold a ‘different ‘ hereafter from the one of his parents ‘ ) . “ It ‘s a fantastic thing to hold so many devoted friends, ” – constitutes the male parent as they walk down the corridor and disappear from the frame mounting down the steps. The shooting ends with the camera maintaining in focal point a black and white image of a sad-looking buffoon hanging on the wall, which can be associated to the instead amusing manner Ben feels about himself, carry throughing his parents ‘ wants and entertaining their friends, being the Centre of attending.

The last sequence depicts Benjamin in a societal event, where he has to cover with the attending and force per unit area of household friends. Ben about literally ‘dives ‘ into a sea of supporters and friends and this feeling is created through the usage of mise-en-scene. The camera is tracking Benjamin in a close-up, which encourages the audience to sympathize with the character3 and creates a really narrow and intimate infinite. Ben instantly draws the attending of the invitees: “ Hey, there ‘s the award-winning bookman! “ , “ We ‘re all really proud of you, Ben ” – their regards and salutations imply him being a recent college alumnus, which apparently is the ground for the jubilation. Meanwhile ambient sounds of conversation and laughter colour the environment making a sense of a societal event4 with a batch of invitees involved. The invitees come really near to the alumnus, touch him with custodies, pat on his shoulder, snog him and stroke his caput in this manner irrupting into his privateness and doing him experience uncomfortable. As Benjamin is being asked what he is traveling to make now, he creates a amusing state of affairs by answering straight that he was traveling “ to travel up the stairs for a minute ” – “ No, I mean, with your hereafter? ” – specifies the funny adult female, and another pat on Ben ‘s shoulder frees him from holding to reply that unpleasant inquiry, nevertheless, this poses an mystery to the spectator, whether the inquiry about Ben ‘s hereafter is traveling to be resolved at the terminal of the film.

The adult male, to whom Benjamin refers as “ Mr. Maguire ” , takes him off outside for a talk. Mr. Maguire places his manus instead fatherly on Ben ‘s shoulder, seting himself in a superior place and leting himself to set force per unit area on Ben, one time once more conveying up the topic of his hereafter and proposing sing a calling in plastics. At the same clip, in the middleground of the frame a group of people chew the fating can be seen and in the background there is a swimming pool, which relates to the often used metaphorical form of H2O in the movie. Merely after Mr. Maguire leaves, the group of invitees starts walking up to Benjamin, but he excuses himself and hurries out.

The last shooting of the sequence paths Benjamin while he is walking past the invitees in the life room. A voice-over of a adult female is heard: “ Listen everybody, I want you all to be quiet. I ‘ve got Ben ‘s college yearbook here and I merely want to read you some of the fantastic things about Ben. ” This one time once more emphasizes Benjamin ‘s deficiency of privateness and control over the actions of his invitees. While Ben stops for a piece to recognize one of the them, a adult female in the background comes into sight. As the spectator is traveling to happen out subsequently, one of the chief characters of the film – Mrs. Robinson – is being introduced here. Dressed in black, she is sitting on a white sofa chair, resting her mentum on her manus and smoke a coffin nail while passively detecting Ben ; she looks instead world-weary and disconnected from the people round about. A parallel can be drawn between the two characters – Ben, who wants to get away from the party and Mrs. Robinson, who seems non to mind being entirely while everyone else is socializing. The witness instantly starts oppugning the function of this adult female in the narrative and the reply is being found in the several following scenes, when Mrs. Robinson attempts to score Benjamin. However, now the alumnus leaves the room non detecting her and as the voice-over of the adult female starts declaiming the achievements out of his college yearbook, he sneaks out and runs up the stepss.

In drumhead, the gap of “ The Graduate ” prepares the witness for the remainder of the film by puting up the general ambiance. The chief characters, Benjamin Braddock and Mrs. Robinson are introduced seting an accent on their solitariness and disaffection, which belong to the cardinal subjects of the film, together with hunt for a meaningful ‘different ‘ hereafter. Cinematic infinite is established through redaction and camera work, prefering the character of Benjamin and promoting the audience to sympathize with him. Two reoccurring metaphorical forms are introduced at the beginning: H2O, as an fable to Benjamin ‘s withdrawal from the conventional universe of his parents ; and the dualism of black and white, which is used to contrast and oppose the supporter ‘s feelings. The movie poses several mysteries which draw the audience in and maintain them interested and funny about how the narrative unfolds.



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