Bruce Cummings is the Chair of the History Department for the University of Chicago. He has a PhD from Columbia University, and is a professor of History, specialising in modern Korean History and East Asian-American dealingss.[ 1 ]He has written several books about Korean history and the Korean War, and has been described as “ the left ‘s prima bookman of Korean history. ”[ 2 ]He is the editor of the Cambridge History of Korea and often contributes articles and reappraisals to several distinguished scholarly diaries. Cummingss has been a historical adviser for Television webs, and has won international awards for his parts to Human Rights, democracy, and Peace.[ 3 ]
Bruce Cummings argues that the Korean War has been mis-remembered. He argues that the United States had small concern in the Korean War, and argues that it began as a civil war and has such strong historical roots that war was inevitable. Cummingss nowadayss grounds from digests of beginnings that shed visible radiation on regional struggles before the war began, and brings position on American Involvement in the War. Cummingss claims that Americans do non retrieve the range of the war, and the labor on civilians. He argues that the South was more barbarous towards the North on many histories. Cummingss besides examines the position of Americans of Koreans. He continues his statement and repositings to current times ; he contends that the Korean War has non brought closing to any side, and that sick feelings are still felt as is apparent on the media.
Bruce Cummings presents his book for the general populace to read. Because of this, the read is a loosen uping one, and told in an about fresh type feel. Cummings statement that the seeds of war were sewed many old ages prior to the American history of war beginning in 1950 are explained with the Nipponese business and shows that combined with tenseness between Korea and China were precursors to war. The war was inevitable.
Cummingss shows that Korea was made a settlement of Japan in 1910, and was given the American approval. The Korean people easy watched their civilization alteration and get down to meld with that of the Japanese. Following Occupation, during World War II, the Koreans were humiliated and dehumanized which lead to a world-wide position of barbaric like animals. This would lend to the ulterior position from the American Point of View of the Koreans as barbarian savages.
Cummingss nowadayss grounds, both old and new, that show American Involvement was on rickety legal evidences at the sanctioned usage of military power. The determination was made by Congress, but non at the petition of the President. The president was off and the Secretary of province went to the UN without affecting President Truman. False pretences were besides given to the UN and Congress. After the Americans joined the struggle and engaged in War, Military attempts expanded exponentially after soldiers were on the land. He continues to detail barbarous slaughters that the American Military is responsible for and inside informations the respect for civilian life that all sides seemed to miss.
Cummingss shows that the United States Soldiers and citizens regarded the Koreans as barbarian and boisterous. The Americans released more napalm bombs in Korea than in the Pacific during World War II. There were bombs released for three old ages in North Korea virtually carpet bombing the country for the continuance. There was no respect for civilians harmonizing to Cummings.
Cummingss acknowledged that “ About 37,000 American soldiers died in this suffering small war. ” China lost about 900,000, and the Korean peninsula lost a disputed sum of three million with half being civilians. He explained the coverage differences of casualties and that merely ballparks were given from Korean forces. Histories of casualties had to be compiled to come up with sensible Numberss, which he believes that he has provided.
Cummingss shows that the war is non merely about communism, but attitudes rooted in the yesteryear still have current deductions. He explains that what was defined for Americans was that the North was communist and the southern half is a democratic South. In order to halt the spread of communism, the war was necessary. The American Public was swayed.
Journalists were non scrutinized as they are in current times. The official historiographer for the war used a newsman ‘s history of the struggles who happened to be a friend to a South Korean Military Leader. Today, this would shout struggle of involvement ; nevertheless, this item was left out of most histories.
The Korean War prompted President Truman to set up an American Base in Korea, and a national security province on the place forepart. Spending on defence skyrocketed in the months before 1950, domestically ; the United States became the “ police officer of the universe. ”
The war did non convey conclusive attitudes for either North or South Korea or Japan. North Korea does non desire dealingss with South Korea, as their Nipponese ties are drawn-out with Japan.
The writer of this book combined primary beginning stuff with current research and older published secondary histories every bit good as unwritten histories of people involved with the war attempts or those who smartly research the subject.
The book is organized in a manner to give a brief general history and so to offer contradictions to general American Knowledge of the war and give grounds for the mis-remembering of this war. The stuffs used as beginnings come from international beginnings and are non from a individual position.
The book emphasizes the misconceptions of the North Korean civilization and considers American engagement as unneeded and meddlesome. Besides emphasized is ferociousness of both North Koreans and American forces. Last, the memory of the Korean War, in the American Perspective, is analyzed and efforts are made to rectify the positions.
Bruce Cummings gives both positions from apparently nonsubjective platforms. He does look to hold a spot of prejudice toward the North, because he goes to great length to turn out that the South was really aggressive towards the North. Cummings has been a professor of Korean Studies for rather some clip, so there are perchance sympathetic feelings toward the State.
Critics of Cummings province that he is excessively broad and that he frequently defends the North out of context. Cummingss is sympathetic toward the North as he before demonstrated that the ferociousness the South displayed, coupled with the Americans neglect for civilian life bordered on race murder.[ 4 ]Cummingss has strong point of views of human rights and the peace procedure, which allows him a more nonsubjective platform to analyse this war, but at the same clip does overcast some of the readings of the historical histories. The beginnings and footers offered do look to back up his place so as to give the feeling that he has presented all available histories and has small bias staying.
I feel that the writer does turn out his thesis. Cummingss presented his statement, historical histories, and so presented his grounds and historical context rather clearly. The book, though written for the general populace, is good written and makes the subject of a barbarous war non a retarding force to read about. The easiness of the read was acceptable and the content non every bit dry as some other books on similar topics. I enjoyed how context was given before definitions and histories of war are given. It was really helpful to see the full image before specifying a state of affairs in the position of one side.