“Abandoned Children in the Philippines, Do they still have Hope”? A Term Paper Presented to Ms. Jovy D. Elimanao English Instructor Interface Computer College In Partial Fufillment Of the requirements for the subject English 2 By Karen Jane Marie Claus Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering March 30, 2011 Introduction All of us need a family to guide us. What if they’ll be also the one to destroy our hope? Being a child with no family do they still have hope? Hospicio de San Jose located in San Miguel Manila is one of the sanctuaries of abandoned, exploited, neglected, abused and indigent infants as well as indigent senior citizens.
This institution is managed by the daughters of charity located within the vicinity of Ayala bridge. Their goal is to help those street children who begs for help along the streets. Many of the regular children go to church on Sunday with their family. Eat on fabulous restaurants. Play during school break and are given proper education. Street children don’t have the same luck. They are the one sent by their parents to work, in order to sustain the basic needs of the family. While their irresponsible father is drunk and their mother is playing cards. At a very young age they are the bread winner of the family.
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Before Filipino wouldn’t want their children to go out of the house. They do everything they can, in order to send them to school. They even ask a relative or a neighbor to look after their children while they work. However today is very different the parents are the one forcing these young individuals to go to the streets to work. As of 2002 there are an estimated 220,000 street kids in 65 major cities. They are nameless, faceless, and aimless wandering our streets one day at a time begging for alms. Some of them engage on petty crimes and other sell theirselves just to earn money.
The worst case is that when the Department of Social Welfare and Development gets these children out of the streets, they still find a way to go back. Because they assume a huge responsibility that otherwise belongs to their parents. Obviously these kids try to make money to feed their families. This reflects the fading filipino values in them. I. Family According to Custodiosa A. Sanchez and Fe B. Agpaoa, the family is the first institution to get the opportunity to transmit ideals, beliefs and values of a society to the young mind of the growing child.
It is the only institution that can protect the children from falling. No matter if it involves children who live in a squatter area, a suburban middle class residential area or an upper class home, authorities agree that the family is the crucial predictors as to whether or not children and teenagers will go bad. The family is the beginning of culture, knowledge, religion and authority. It is the very essence of protection, of solidarity, of security, of love and warmth, of understanding, of mutual respect and equality. Right Parental example is the paramount importance.
When the unity of the parents as a couple had been established before the arrival of the a child can be retained, the complexities of the relationships among family members are simplified, and the tendency to break down is minimized. II. The Children According to Custodiosa A. Sanchez and Fe B. Agpaoa, in the Filipino Family the children acknowledge and respect the authority of the home. Our Civil Code provides that every child is entitled to be taken care by the parents. If the child’s parents are nolonger living, his closest relatives or grandparents should assume the parental duty of relising him.
Sure care includes the childs physical health and well being. This means providing him with essential needs as well as medical attention, whenever needed and even education. Children have the right to be given education with the approval of the New Constitution, children are not only be given free elementary education as it used to be, but also free high school education. It is likewise the right of the children to be provided moral and civic training so that they will grow up to be upright, usefull and law-abiding citizens. III. Child Abuse
Compton’s (2008), stated that the willful infliction of pain and suffering upon children is known as child abuse and is treated by society as serious crime. Children are so extremely vulnerable and defenseless, it is thought that no exuse is possible for mistreating them. Even so, abuse is thought to be widespread. Despite strict laws against it. It sometimes goes unreported and unpunished. This can happen when adults overlook the evidence or when child victims do not complain because of shame or fear of retaliation. Prior to 1970’s, the term child abuse normally referred only to physical mistreatmant.
Most definitions now identify for general categories of child abuse: (1) Physical abuse, which include hitting, punching, shaking, or beating a child, even if the perpetrator did not intend to cause injury; (2) Emotional abuse, which may take various forms, including unjustified verval abuse (such keeping a child locked up in a closet); (3) Sexual abuse, which includes in appropriate touching, other forms of molestation, rape and insest; and (4) Neglect, which includes the failure to provide proper shelter, nourishment, medical treatment, or emotional support.
Behavior that is otherwise punishable may be exempted from the laws in certain circumtances. For example, parents who cite religious reasons for failure to seek medical treatment for their children are seldom prosecuted for neglect. IV. Sanctuary for Street Children “We are in the business of transforming lives”, says Mr. Marciano “Rocky Evangelista”. He is the SDB Founder of Tuloy Foundation. Based on the statement above Tuloy Foundation is a mere shelter and its aim is not only to keep the children out of the streets but more important is to keep them out of the streets.
They have done studies of different programs that will provide “comprehensive and integrated rehabilitation”. Based on the studies, they have done programs for residents and non-residents who are members of families who can’t afford to educate them. For the streetchildren they have residential program which includes provision of food, shelter, healthcare, clothing, psycho-social interventions, values, spiritual formation and recreation. Their program consist of two stages the Patio and residential area. In the patio they are given food, shelter and taught basic hygiene and discipline to prepare them for center life.
When the child decides to transfer from Patio to Residential Area they are also made to understand the responsibility that comes with his choice and he should be prepared to do what it entails. In Filipino “Tuloy” means “Welcome, feel at home”. From their small room in Don Bosco Compound to the 4. 5 hectare street children village that now it occupies. The Tuloy had opened it doors to the street children. All of them are motivated properly on how they are going to value their self worth. In other words they are not just taught how to dream but to have this dreams come true.
So that when they leave the doors of the foundation they are ready to face the world outside. They will be able to build their lives, families and communities. As a result to the next generation there will nolonger be child’s to sleep on the streets (Reyes, 2002). V. Care for street children According to “Nene” Pimentel Jr. 1. 5 million children walking the streets of the country who beg, scavenge, sell flowers or offer wind shield wiping services “resort to substance abuse and get into trouble”. This “forgotten angels of the society” whom he said the country must protect at all costs.
What is unfortunate is that this street children sniff glue or rugby to ease the pain of hunger not for enjoyment. They don’t even know that in sniffing glue or rugby it can cause permanent damage to their brains, their nervous systems and their kidneys. He also urged the Department of Social Welfare and Development to coordinate with the Department of Interior and Local Government to construct separate detention facilities for juvenile law offenders. He announced that he has filed a bill to make mandatory the creation of the local council and to provide for its funding.
The worst case is that the parents of these children are powerless or unwilling to watch over their children’s welfare (Cahahastian, 2001). VI. Street Children Support their Folks Children who work the streets provide critical financial support for their family and even for their own education when they can. They do everything they can in order to survive. They are hunting craps of metals for the mattress makers in the market of Dakar or, as in the Philippines they are praying on churches on behalf of customers. In the developing world many children exist as waste heap recyclers.
Plastic bags, blown out tires, junked car parts, empty bottles and tins, even scrap papers, all are collected by children who brighten the urban landscape. Pre-teens in the Philippines comb city streets, collecting from bronze wire to old newspapers. These children earn up to $3 a day from their scavenging, supplying their families with necessities like rice, firewood, gas and mosquito repellant. Scavenging is hazardous and is considered so degrading by the children themselves that quit, even turning to prostitution.
The nature of their work as well as their work environment is unhygienic, dangerous, demeaning and destructive of self-worth (Unicef Report, 1996). VII. No Hope Street children who gradually expose on streets are most likely to have skin infections, tetanus and other diseases. Back-breaking loads stunt growth and eating discarded food often brings sickness. The life of trash collecting offers no hope for a better future. Organizations like reach up in the Philippines and the Bosco Yuvodaya street children project of Bangalore have begun helping children to band together to defend their interests.
These organizations also give formal and non-formal education and apprenticeship training, such as those by the Uganda’s Africa foundation and the Undugu Society of Kanya, offer hope for a better future (Unicef Report, 1996). VIII. Poverty As Christmas season starts, a lot of children are again invading city streets. Based on the records gathered by Sen. Ernesto Herera there are now 223,600 street children in metro manila and 62 cities nationwide. About 107,000 of these street children are in Metro Manila, of the biggest concentration. About 25,000 can be found in Quezon City.
Manila follows with 21,585; Caloocan City, 10,273; Makati, 6,100 and Pasay City with 4,950. Outside the capital the biggest is in Davao City with 11,747; Cebu City, 8,400; Zambuanga City, 5,971; Bacolod City, 4,916; Cagayan de Oro, 4,584; Iloilo City, 4,178; General Santos City, 3,380; Angeles City, 3,195; Iligan City, 3,058; and Olongapo City, 3,609. These numbers of children are deprived of education and basic needs. They are being exposed to pollution, drug traffickers and other criminals. Often the children end up abusing drugs and resorting to petty thefts and prostitution.
There is no immediate answer to this problem whose root cause is poverty. There are several organization who helps this street children, but when the welfare officer turn their backs they return to the streets where their lives evolve. Sen. Ernesto Herera is proposing a fund to finance programs that can keep the street children off the streets and maybe able to send them to school. The fund will mainly come from the earnings of Philippine Charity Sweepstake Office and the Philippine Amusement Gaming Corporation. These special funds can still offer hope to the lost and can rescue a thousands of children (Aranda, 1996). Conclusion:
Family is the one who will mold the child of the beliefs and values of the society. It is the only institution that can protect the child from falling. All the child that is born is entitled to be taken care by their parents. Thus, the increasing number of abandoned children who works on the streets is quite alarming. These children are not literally means, that they don’t have a family to guide them or either to support their needs. At a very young age they assume a huge responsibility that otherwise belongs to their parents. These street children supports their own needs as well as the basic needs of their families.
Through the efforts made by the different sectors of the government as well as different kinds of organizations and foundations time will come that their will nolonger be kids to beg for alms on churches and the streets. All of them will be given proper care, dicipline, appropriate education and skills that they are going to use when they leave the doors of the sanctuaries. On the other hand, these abandoned children in the philippines still have hope, in order for them to build their lives, families and communities for a better future. Bibliography 1. Aranda, Rene. A Special Fund For Street Children”. Philippine Star. 16 September 1996. p. 8 2. Borlongan,F. C. “Concern for Street and Poor Children”. Manila Bulletin. 9 September 1999. p. 11 3. Cagahastian, Diego. “Pimentel Airs Concern on Plight Of Street Children”. Manila Bulletin. 20 December 2001: B13 4. Compton’s. “Child Abuse”. Britannica Encyclopedia. 2008 ed. 5. Reyes, Hector. “Haven for Street Children”. Helping Hands. 25 November 2002. p. 2 6. “ Street Children to Learn Dicipline,Skills in Workshop ”. Manila Bulletin. 12 April 2001: B11 7. Sanchez, Custodiosa A. nd Fe B. Agpaoa. Family. Contemporary Social Problems and Issues. Third Edition 1997. 8. Sanchez, Custodiosa A. and Fe B. Agpaoa. The Children. Contemporary Social Problems and Issues. Third Edition 1997. 9. Unicef Report. “Street Children Support Their Folks”. The Nation. 22 December 1996. Outline: “Abandoned Children in the Phillipines, Do they still have Hope”? Introduction I. Family II. The Children III. Child Abuse IV. Santuary for Street Children V. Care for Street Children VI. Street Children Support their Folks VII. No Hope VIII. Poverty Conclusion