The 2nd Great Awakening in the early 18 100s was a widespread spiritual resurgence that greatly impacted society. Its influences that appealed to emotions instead than doctrine were greatly supported by reformists who sought to better themselves every bit good as society’s ailments. Of these reformists some motions began to organize including motions for abolishment and women’s rights. For illustration. a celebrated curate. Charles Grandison Finney of the Second Great Awakening spoke out about bondage. reprobating it in his discourses.
In the early nineteenth century. reform motions for abolishment and women’s rights were able to be public which illustrated the strengths of American Democracy. but the deficiency of voting rights and representation of the groups exemplified the failings of American Democracy. Abolitionists were a bantam minority compared to the remainder of the population. even in the Northern provinces. Free inkinesss such as Fredrick Douglas and Sojourner Truth played a cardinal function in the Abolition motion. as they were able to talk out about it in the North.
They wanted to extinguish bondage to free big plantation life and break one’s back codifications which gave black slaves few rights if any. and frequently forbade them from deriving any instruction. Some slaves sought for freedom by arising against their proprietors by running off and defying. Some emancipationists were anti-slavery but were besides anti-black. such as the American Colonization society. founded in 1817. who wanted to transport free inkinesss to West Africa. By the 1830s talk of abolishment had disappeared from the South after Nat Turner’s Rebellion in Southampton County. Virginia in 1831 as it created a changeless fright of another killing violent disorder.
In 1831 William Lloyd Garrison began printing a newspaper called the Liberator which expressed really strong feelings against bondage. naming for “immediate. unsalaried emancipation. ” He was besides a laminitis of the American Anti-Slavery Society two old ages subsequently and was really critical of churches and the United States authorities. The southern provinces shortly banned all abolitionist mailings. Other emancipationists include Theodore Dwight Weld who was portion of the ‘lane Rebels. ’ walked out of college. and Wendell Phillips who refused to have on cotton or purchase sugar in protest.
Abolitionists besides urged non-cooperation with the ‘Fugitive Slave Act’ which they nicknamed the “Bloodhound Law” as it was portion of the Compromise of 1850 that declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their Masterss. normally hunted by sleuthhounds. In the topic of adult females. by the 1800s they had really few rights as they were viewed as belongings of work forces and their topographic point was normally the place. Womans could non have belongings although they were seen as more moral that work forces. Many adult females in the nineteenth century did non get married and were called old maids.
Most feminist reformists were good to make in-between category and had begun as emancipationists. To some extent the motion for women’s rights was a reaction against the “cult of domesticity. ” The National Women’s Suffrage association was established by Susan B. Anthony. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and others. which called for equal protection under tribunals. the workplace and equal vote rights every bit good. They besides had come up with the thought to keep a mass meeting to turn to the rights of adult females. The Seneca Falls Convention. William Lloyd Garrison besides attended the meeting and spent it in the women’s subdivision.
The Declaration of Sentiments was written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott for the Seneca Falls. and was intentionally written to pattern the Declaration of Independence. These women’s rights militants wanted more educational and economic chances every bit good as legal equality to work forces. which included women’s right to vote rights. Although this was a motion for women’s rights. it was besides supported by many work forces. These two groups exemplified the strengths of democracy as little groups were able to get down reform motions.
Abolitionists and women’s rights likewise made their caser public leting for Democracy to reflect in early nineteenth century America. Both exercised their right to compose and print plants to carry others such as the Liberator and the Declaration of Sentiments. The Abolitionists had the right to seek political and legal action every bit good as women’s rights militants. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Lucretia Mott. William Lloyd Garrison. and other reformists did non merely allow the jurisprudence take topographic point they tried to make every bit much as they could with it and against it. As for failings of early nineteenth century America. neither group was able obtain its ultimate ends.
Abolitionists and women’s rights reformers merely won little scale triumphs. With women’s rights. merely white males had vote rights even after their attempts to win women’s right to vote. Free inkinesss were frequently out from voting. As the cotton economic system grew. the demand for bondage increased go forthing no room for the emancipationists to halt it. American Democracy besides showed its failings as emancipationists such as Garrison were sometimes capable to throng force. In all these two groups showed both the strengths and failings of the American Democracy in early nineteenth century.