The focus of the Administrative Management Principles is on the organization as a whole, but emphasis roles of senior managers and view that management could be taught. It highlights the belief that there is one best way to administer or deliver management. The functional view of the manager’s job owes its origins to Henri Fayol, a classical theorist who developed the 14 principles of management, which serves as a frame of reference from which many current management theories and concepts evolved, even though the contingency perspective of a manager’s job proposed that universalistic management principles for all types of organizations is not feasible. Fayol identified 5 functions of management principles as planning, organizing, controlling, commanding, and coordinating. Fayol’s 14 principles of management include:.
1.Division of work- Specialization increases output by making employees more efficient.
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2.Authority- Managers must be able to give orders. Authority gives them this right, but whenever authority is exercised, responsibility arises.
3.Discipline- Employees must obey and respect the rules that govern the organization. Good discipline is a sign of effective leadership, a clear understanding between management and workers regarding the organization’s rules, and the fair use of penalties for infractions of the rules.
4.Unity of command- every employee should only receive orders from only one superior.
5.Unity of direction- each group of organizational activities that have the same objectives should be directed by one manager using one plan.
6.Subordination of individual interests to the general interest- the interests of one or a group of employees should not take precedence of the interests of the organization as a whole.
7.Remuneration- workers should be paid a fair wage for their services.
8.Centralization- refers to the degree to which subordinates are involved indecision making.