Colonialism occurs, by definition, when one nation takes control of another. The Scramble for Africa, initiated by the Berlin Conference in 1884-5, left the African continent under European control. The European’s urged the “pacification” of the particular African territories they each occupied. Kenya became a colony of Britain. There were different opinions on the “Pink Cheeked” men whom entered the indigenous Kenyan’s homelands. Some were hostile, others were grateful. The British began to colonize Kenya and introduce their traditions and religion.
This affected Kenya politically, religiously, and economically. Before the colonization of Kenya in the 1880s, there was no government system. When the British settled and began to “pacify” the colonies, they set up a “policy known as ‘indirect rule’”, as stated in Document D. They also set up a system of taxes. Document E reveals that a white man came to speak to Kenyans: “He sat in our midst and told us of the king of the Pink Cheeks, who was a great king and lived in a land over the seas. ” The Kenyan peoples did not know of the ‘great king’ and his apparent ownership of them and their land.
Document F informs us that “most Africans wound up accepting authority of the colonial state. ” Many Africans who inhabited Kenya were very grateful and accepting of the new government that the British supplied. It helped to solve criminal cases involving Africans and abolished slavery. The colonialism of Kenya also had a religious effect within the tribes. Kenya had its own religion and beliefs before the British brought Christianity. They believed in multiple gods, for example Earth goddess, who they would pray to and ask for specific needs.
They also received advice from an oracle. No matter what the oracle said, the Africans would obey. They also believed that their gods called the men to be warriors and fight and the women to do most of the family work. Despite this, Document H tells us that “family affection is strong, and children show great care and consideration to their parents. ” When the British introduced, or forced, Christianity to Kenya, they believed that their religion was superior to that of the Africans. Those who adapted the Christian way of life and strayed from their old religion were very prosperous.
Christianity played a key role in lives, considering the fact that it changed most of the harsh customs that were before. For example, Document J states the “the softer ideals of love, gentleness, tenderness, forgiveness and patience were invoked in Africa in a manner which made the ‘pacification’ of Africans easier. ” Most Africans in Kenya converted to Christianity. Document D explains that by 2002, 66% of Christians occupied Kenya and 28% of the population remained with their indigenous beliefs. This transition tied into further economical advances within the tribes. Economically, colonialism affected Kenya most positively.
There were myriads of temporary and secondary schools established by the government. For Africans, there were “3,442 schools for 395,000 students,” as Document M claims. Many of Kenya’s greatest leaders were educated in these Christian-type schools. In my opinion, if these leaders, for example Tom Mboya, did not attend these mission schools, they wouldn’t have had the impact that they had over Kenya. Also, the British government established a railroad and a railroad system in Kenya. This enabled more supplies and raw materials to be imported and exported more efficiently.
The postal service that was also stationed by the government allowed a more rapid form of transporting information over long distances. Document O depicts that in 1919, there were but a few post offices. In 1968, these developed and grew into what seems near 100 post offices. In behalf of the white settlers in Kenya, economic growth stimulated. However, this “growth was often achieved at the expense of indigenous populations,” Document P explains. Products such as “cotton, simsin, and a new type of maize seed where successfully introduced in the District (Document P).
” This accelerated trade and the importance of the railroad. Although the Africans didn’t earn much, this was still a great achievement. In conclusion, colonialism affected Kenya in, despite other aspects, a most positive way. Politically, the government effectively played the biggest role in the colonization. Religiously, even though no one has the right to impose their religion on others, also had a positive effect on Kenya. Christianity provided new economical advances, such as schools and a postal service. In the end, Kenya did benefit greatly from colonialism, even if it was a hard-fought process.