One can state that the major part brought to the Filipino literature under the American Regime ( 1898-1941 ) is the production of the Filipino Literature in English. which is divided into three different clip frames: The Period of Re-Orientation ( 1898-1910 ) ; Imitation ( 1910-1925 ) ; and Self-Discovery ( 1925 ) . The Filipino Literature in English saw it’s morning with the debut of free public direction and the usage of English as a Lingua Franca in all degrees of instruction in public schools. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
The Filipino revolutionary won against the Spaniards who colonized Philippines for more than 300 old ages. The Filipino flag was hoisted on June 12. 1898 as a symbol of independency. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected the first President of the Philippine Republic. which was ephemeral. Americans colonized the Philippines and in 1901. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo surrendered to the Americans. Filipino authors went into all signifiers of literature. Their Hagiographas showed their love for the state and their yearning for independency. Their bitterness expressed in literature was first felt in the undermentioned newspapers: 1. EL NUEVA DIA ( THE NEW DAY )
Established by Sergio Osmena in 1900.
The American censors banned this twice and threatened Osmena with ostracism because of chauvinistic Hagiographas.
2. EL GRITO DEL PUEBLO ( THE CALL OF THE NATION )
Established by Pascual Pobleto in 1900.
3. EL RENACIMIENTO ( THE REBIRTH )
Founded by Rafael Palma in 1901.
SALIENT FEATURES OF PHILIPPINE LITERATURE UNDER AMERICAN REGIME Spanish. Tagalog and Vernaculars were the linguistic communications used in composing during the first old ages in American period. but Spanish and tagalong were the predominated linguistic communication. In 1910. a new group started to compose in English. Hence. Spanish. Tagalog. the Vernaculars and eventually English were the mediums used in
literature during these times. Spanish authors wrote about patriotism.
Tagalog authors wrote about their Lamentationss on the status of the state and their efforts to elicit love for one’s native lingua. English authors imitated the subjects and methods of the Americans. FAMOUS AUTHORS
1. Spanish Writers
a. Cecilio Apostol
Considered as the greatest Filipino epic poet authorship in Spanish. He wrote poems dedicated to Rizal and one entitled A RIZAL ( To Rizal ) b. Fernando Ma. Guerero
Known as the “Prince of Filipino Lyric Poets” in Spanish. Write a book of verse forms entitled CRISALIDAS.
c. Jesus Balmori
Well known for his pen name BATIKULING
Wrote Los Pajaros de Fuego ( Birds of Fire )
d. Manuel Bernabe
A lyric poet whose ferocity of chauvinistic spirit was unchanged in any subject he wrote approximately. In 1913. he received an award for his poems THE HYMN TO THE SACRED HEART OF JESUS. EL ZAPOTE and ESPANA EN FILIPINAS. e. Adelina Gurrea
First adult female poet in in the Philippines who was good in Spanish. Obtained Zobel award in her vocal EL NIDO ( THE NEST ) .
2. FILIPINO Writers
a. Lope K. Santos
A novelist. a poet and syntactician.
The male parent of national linguistic communication grammar
BANAAG AT SIKAT is his chef-d’oeuvre
b. Jose Corazon de Jesus
Popularly known as Huseng Batute
Besides called as the poet of love.
ANG ISANG PUNONGKAHOY is believed to be his chef-d’oeuvre.
c. Amado V. Hernandez
Called as makata nanogram mga manggagawa ( poet of the labourers )
His verse forms portrays intense love for the hapless worker and labourer. His parts to literature are ISANG DIPANG LANGIT ( A STRETCH OF HEAVEN ) ; BAYANG MALAYA ( FREE NATION ) ; MUNTING LUPA ( A SMALL PLOT ) ; and ANG PANDAY ( THE BLACKSMITH ) . his chef-d’oeuvre. d. Valeriano Hernandez Pena
Know as Tandang Anong and his pen name was Kuntil butil.
NENA AT NENENG. his chef-d’oeuvre.
e. Severino Reyes
The male parent of tagalong play
Writer of WALANG SUGAT
f. Pedro Bukaneg
Father of Ilocano literature
From his name derived the word bukanegan. which means balagtasan ( a poetic competition ) in Ilocano.