Anti-globalization is a stance which directly opposes the negative aspects of global¬ization. The corresponding movement is called the anti-globalization movement. The movement is more a grass-root-level movement, and has the support of some intellectual elites. To a large extent, the term “anti-globalization” has been regarded as a misno¬mer, a tag meant to bring discredit to the globalization movement. Though most sup¬porters of anti-globalization movement support close ties between various peoples, cultures and societies, they are particularly opposed to capitalist globalization. Hence, the anti-globalization movement is also known as the anti-capitalist or anti-corporate movement, or also alternative globalization.
Anti-globalization activists counter these claims by stating that free trade policies create an environment for workers in which workers in different countries are tempted, and even forced to “betray” other workers by undercutting standards on wages and work conditions. The anti-globalization movement supports a strategy of cooperation for mutual benefit, and encourages fair trade, which aims to provide third-world farmers with better terms of trade.
Though the movement takes up issues which are widely recognized as serious problems, such as violations of human rights, genocide and global warming, it rarely proposes detailed solutions, or it proposes solutions that have been tried and shown to be faulty in the past.
Anti-globalization movements are different in their radicalism. Although it is true either for the movements of the developed or that of the developing world respectively, there is a well recognisable difference in the „centre of gravitation? between the two main groups of the economies. Movements of the developing world frequently deny the novelty of the phenomenon or even do not speak about „globalization? and tend to speak about capitalism, or new stage in the development of capitalism at most. In spite of the differences, however, the globalization-critical movements, civil organizations, NGOs and even parties are on the way of integration, which helps to decrease the differences and the emergence of a rich but in its main principle (diagnose and remedies) more homogenous world-wide movement of the losers of „globalization?.
Globalization is in part where it is today due to the advancements that the world has made in technology in general. Technology is one of the leading factors in the evolution of globalization. Information technology is helping further develop globalization. The cost efficiency of many technologies is increasing, and these technologies are beginning to impact everyday life. For example, the cell phone is becoming more and more available to the average consumers who rely on it. Cell phones are used for anything from family conversations to business calls, but for many they have become a way of life. Life might become impossible without the reliance on the cell phone. Another example of information technology is the Internet, which has drastically changed since its big debut in the 1990’s.
Faster and cheaper transportation systems allow multinational corporations to build manufacturing facilities across the globe while maintaining scheduled, frequent deliveries of parts and finished products. For example, advances in the aviation system allow businesses to substitute just-in-time deliveries from remote manufacturing plants in place of large inventories.
Deregulations: From the 1980s ahead (starting within the UK) several rules and regulation in business were removed, particularly rules concerning foreign possession. Privatization additionally materialized, and enormous areas of business were currently receptive purchase or take over. This allowed businesses in one country to shop for those in another as an example, several United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland utilities, once and government businesses, square measure owned by French and USA businesses.
The world has witnessed significant political, social, economic, and cultural changes
since the end of 1980s. These changes, generally known as “globalization,” have
caused much discussion. Supporters of globalization claim that it is inevitable and
beneficial for everyone. However, another group is opposed to globalization, at least
to its economic and political consequences. In this context, anti-globalization movements,
emerging as the result of these changes, have become one of the most popular
Anti-globalization movements1 emerged first in Western countries during the
1990s and gradually spread to other countries so that a diffusion model can be used
to explain their cross-national similarities.2 Rogers, for example, states that diffusion
occurs when “innovation is communicated through certain channels over time
among members of a social system.”3 Michaelson later defined diffusion as “the
process by which an innovation (any new idea, activity, or technology) spreads
through the population.”
The cross-national diffusion of social movements requires certain conditions, such
as geographical closeness and similar historical backgrounds. Besides these factors,
“structural affinity,” the presence of similar structures among different nations, is
also important. In addition to nation-specific developments, globalization facilitates
the emergence of structural affinity. For example, similar meanings of political and
economic concepts such as democracy can lead to the emergence of similar movements
in different countries.25 In this context, similar political systems, conflict
structures, and strategies used by authorities against activists may both cause and explain the emergence of social movements campaigning on the same issues in