Banana ( Musa ? Paradisiaca ) is a really common works in Malaysia and in the Philippines. Often the banana bole is thrown off after reaping the fruit. The waste stuff is biodegradable. Banana is the common name for herbaceous workss of the Genus Musa. and is besides the name given to the fruit of these workss. It is a native works found in the tropical part of Southeast Asia. the Malay Archipelago. and Australia. Today. it is cultivated throughout the Tropics. The banana was mentioned for the first clip in written history in Buddhist texts in 600 BC. The chaff is the root of the banana works. The banana chaff produces one immense flower bunch and so dies.
The chaff is normally cut off the works when the bananas are chubby and ready to mature. Before it dies. there are a figure of things the banana chaff can be used for. The usage of banana sap. as a medium for graphics has ne’er been explored in Malaysia. Banana sap is used in other states such every bit Indonesia as fabric deceasing and Latin America as Medicinal uses. Banana sap from some parts of the tree contains pigment and dyes. therefore non cognizant of this possible medium is a waste. This stuff is biodegradable and this research is conducted to prove the potency of banana sap as a pigment and dye to be used as an alternate natural ink.
The research workers wish to widen their most sincere grasp to the undermentioned people who helped do this research. They are the people who helped and contributed for the success of this enterprise. To God. for his gift of wisdom and apprehension. and for replying our supplications in their times of demand. To their Science instructor. Ms. Avrylle Corpuz for learning the research workers the fundamental of research and investigatory authorship and for demoing a great trade of forbearance though at times the research workers tends to be blue and wild. To their parents and household members. for the ageless love and support that they gave. To the observer/respondents. for their unity and cooperation. And in conclusion. to all those who were a portion of this work. they thanked themselves for being concerted and hardworking throughout the investigatory undertaking.
Background of the Study
A banana is an comestible fruit produced by several sorts of big herbaceous blooming workss of the genus Musa. ( In some states. bananas used for cookery may be called plantains. ) The fruit is variable in size. colour and soundness. but is normally elongated and curved. with soft flesh rich in amylum covered with a rind which may be green. yellow. ruddy. purple. or brown when ripe. The fruits grow in bunchs hanging from the top of the works. Along with this comestible fruit is saps: highly gluey and can be used as a practical adhesive. Sap can be obtained from either the pseudostem. the fruit desquamations. or from the flesh. Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to colourise a surface to bring forth an image. text. or design. Ink presents. are used by many people around the universe. Nowadays. ink is acquiring much more expensive.
An norm of 22 $ ( 880pesos ) per one-fourth ounce. Ink is largely made out of consisting dissolvers. pigments. dyes. rosins. lubricators. solubilizers. wetting agents. particulate affair. and fluorescers. Thus the experiment is all about recycling banana saps and doing ink more low-cost. There have been many experiments in front of this. Others have tried utilizing berries Beta vulgaris juice. orange. and many other more. But. these fruits that are used. needs the juice. tegument. and the likes. The research workers chose banana because they are utilizing non the fruit itself but the saps. Besides. most fruits that are used for the devising of the ink. The research workers think that this will assist them achieve a better quality of life because it will cut down the monetary values of ink. All these set aside the inquiry on everyone’s head is: Will this natural ink be every bit effectual as the ink people are utilizing today?
Statement of the Problem
This survey determines the consequence and practicality of banana sap in doing a natural ink. The banana chaff. where the research workers got the banana sap. was biodegradable. It specifically seeks to reply the undermentioned inquiry: 1. Will the merchandise truly work as an alternate natural ink? 2. Is the natural ink from the banana sap better than the commercial inks? 3. Does the natural ink from the banana sap require a preservative?
Significance of the Study
Nature can supply for mundane demands such as composing ink. Traditional ink beginnings include flower petals and tree bark. and though fruit beginnings are less traditional. they besides make for utile ink. Berries and cherries. with their high juice content. are ideal for ink devising. Unlike other juicy fruits such as Citrullus vulgariss. citrous fruit fruits or Prunus persicas. berry and red juice are dark plenty to demo on composing paper. On this survey. the research workers chose a banana sap as an alternate natural ink so that they will be able to cognize and detect other natural alternate inks aside from berries. which is normally used.
Scope and Restriction
The survey of comparing banana sap as a natural ink to a commercial ink is limited merely on the usage of banana sap. dye and commercial ink. For the survey. the research workers merely emptied the fresh pens or pens that won’t map good. The research workers were besides careful in making this because ink might be harmful if swallowed and it may annoy the eyes. The group will merely utilize banana sap with powdery dye ( diluted with H2O ) and an empty unseeable pen to execute the survey. The research workers will non utilize any other substance or chemicals as foil to the natural ink.
REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE
Musa ? Paradisiaca and Its Pseudostems
Bananas ( Musa ? Paradisiaca ) are native to tropical Southeast Asia. but have long been cultivated in many states from Asia to Europe for its fruit and to a lesser extent for its fibre. Banana is normally mistaken as a tree but it is really a big perennial blossoming herb with leaf sheaths that form trunk-like pseudostems that grows from a corm. Banana can turn up to 7 metres in tallness that has approximately 8 – 12 spirally arranged foliages that are up to 2. 7 metres long and 0. 6 metre broad. Banana sap is among the most gluey and obstinate substances on Earth. You will ne’er acquire it off your apparels. some people say. Banana sap is highly gluey and can be used as a practical adhesive. Sap can be obtained from the pseudostem. from the fruit desquamations. or from the fruit flesh.
Banana Sap as Dye for Fabrics
Banana sap is used as a medium to dye cloths in Indonesia and Philippines. The colour of banana sap is chocolate-brown and it’s substance on the cloths good. Dried banana Peel contains 30 to 40 % tannic acid content ; it’s used to melanize leather. The ash from the dried Peel of bananas and plantains is rich in potassium hydroxide and used for doing soap. While that of the burned Peel of green fruits of certain assortments is used for dyeing. In the Philippines. the Pinatubo Negritos cut off a banana works stopping point to the land. do a hollow in the top of the stump. which so fills with watery sap is drank as an exigency thirst quencher. Cardinal Americans obtain the sap of the ruddy banana in the same mode and take it as an aphrodisiac.
Making Berry Inks ( Huckleberry. Raspberry. Blackberry and Pokeberry ) Ink devising is a fantastic manner to utilize up some of the berries that you can scrounge for out-of-doorss or turn in your garden. With a berry ink. you can make fantastic H2O washes. utilize a dip pen and write great letters. or utilize it for assorted drawings and studies. You can besides utilize your ink for religious journaling or charming work.
Having an ink you’ve made yourself allows you to be originative while doing usage of sustainable stuffs that are locally harvestable. Berries should be mature ( ne’er under-ripe ) or somewhat over-ripe. Berries that have a nice dark discoloration when you cut it open are effectual. Berry inks are traveling to be a small more watery and lighter than a traditional synthetic or processed ink.
Banana Sap in Medicine
All parts of the banana works have medicinal applications because banana sap has the belongingss of fungicide and antibiotic. Found in the Peel and mush of to the full mature bananas. the antibiotic Acts of the Apostless against Mycobacteria. The interior of the Peel has anti-septic belongingss as it can be wrapped straight around lesions or cuts in an exigency. The flowers of banana can be used for intervention in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers ; cooked flowers are given to diabetics ; the styptic works sap in instances of craze. epilepsy. Hansen’s disease. febrilities. bleedings and acute dysentery. nevertheless it is besides applied on haemorrhoids insect and other stings and bites ; immature foliages are placed as cataplasms on Burnss and other skin afflictions ; the acerb ashes of the green Peel and foliages are taken in dysentery and diarrhoea and used for handling malignant ulcers.
The roots are administered in digestive dysentery and other complaints ; banana seed mucilage is given in instances of catarrh and diarrhoea in India. Banana sap is besides used to cut down high blood force per unit area ; serotonin inhibits stomachic secernment and stimulates the smooth musculus of the bowels. Alleged hallucinogenic effects of the fume of firing banana Peel have been investigated scientifically and have non been confirmed.
Charcoal Briquettes from Banana Peels
These yearss there is increased force per unit area on woods as people cut trees for firewood and other intents in the last 30 old ages. for illustration. Uganda has lost half of her forest screen. Local people are being encouraged to follow energy salvaging engineerings that put less force per unit area on natural resources. One illustration is the usage of banana desquamations. normally referred to as banachakol ( banana wood coal ) . to A adult female from a group of community workers known as Bakyala Tweyune ( “Women in self-help” ) . responsible to do the banachakol. and the production procedure for the briquettes.
The engineering that will salvage many trees is started in Lungujja near Kampala. where a adult female named Namusoke Immaculate. the laminitis of Bakyala Tweyune women’s group. has innovated a new method of alternate fuel by turning banana desquamations into wood coal briquettes. They merely used one-half basin full of fresh banana desquamations. a one-fourth basin of wood coal dust. and a one-fourth basin of all right sand. They chop the fresh banana desquamations into little pieces. Once the banana desquamations are chopped. and so blend the three ingredients together – the banana desquamations. the wood coal dust and the sand. The demand of the banana briquettes will do people screen banana desquamations from refuse in countries where they are thrown.
This survey chiefly focused on the banana sap as an effectual natural ink and to be able to compare the natural ink from commercial ink. The dependent variable is the banana sap while the independent variable is the powdery dye ( diluted with H2O ) . In this survey. the dependent variable is the banana sap ( infusion ) because the research workers extracted it with their stuffs. The independent variable is the powdery dye because it is pre-manufactured.
Banana sap is highly gluey and it stains your apparels horridly and instantly. The natural ink from the banana sap will be effectual but it will be a small more watery than a processed ( commercial ) ink and it won’t last long. The merchandise is besides natural so it will be removed easy.
Definition of Footings
Musa ? paradisiaca – Banana ; It is the common name for a fruit and besides the herbaceous workss of the genus Musa which produce the normally eaten fruit Pseudostem- It is a false root made of the involute bases of foliages. Mycobacteria- It is a bacteria of a group which includes the causative agents of leprosy and TB. Banachakol- It is a banana wood coal.
Banana Sap- It is among the most gluey and obstinate substances on Earth. You will ne’er acquire it off your apparels. Tannin- It is a xanthous or chocolate-brown bitter-tasting organic substance nowadays in some saddle sores. barks. and other works tissues. dwelling of derived functions of Gallic acid. Commercial Ink- Ink that has been used by people these yearss. Cloth Thread- It is a sort of thin narration. thin fibres spun together. for fabrics and run uping. Musa- It is one of three genera in the household Musaceae ; it includes bananas and plantains. Ink- It is a coloured fluid or paste used for composing. pulling. printing. or doubling. Invisible pen- It features unseeable ink that can merely be revealed utilizing the UV black visible radiation in the cap. Rinsable- Capable of being rinsed.
The stuffs that were used in this survey were the banana sap from the banana chaff. container. cloth yarn. a casserole. wooden stick that will be used for thumping. powdered dye. H2O and an empty unseeable pen.
A medium sized banana chaff was collected from one of the researcher’s backyard. The empty unseeable pen was collected from one of the researchers’ house. The container. cloth yarn. casserole and the wooden stick were collected from one of the researchers’ kitchen.
A. Measurement of the Materials Needed
Four ( 4 ) table spoons of powdery dye ( diluted with H2O ) . one ( 1 ) unseeable pen. and the infusion of a medium sized banana chaff.
B. Preparation of the set-up
Four ( 4 ) set ups were prepared ; set-up one ( 1 ) was made up of the readying and production for the banana sap. set-up ( 2 ) was made up for the readying of the powdery dye. set-up three ( 3 ) was made up of the readying of the empty unseeable pen and set-up four ( 4 ) was made up of the mixture of the banana sap and the diluted powdery dye.
C. Preparation of the Mixture
The banana sap and the diluted powdery dye were assorted in container. boiled and put inside the unseeable pen.
The non- biodegradable and biodegradable stuffs that were used were segregated.
Methodology Flow Chart
Preparation of the Materials Needed
Geting the Banana Sap ( infusion ) from the Banana Stalk
Preparation of the Dye ( Diluted with Water )
Mixture of the Banana Sap and Dye
Observation of the Finished Merchandise
Disposal of Used Materials
Evaluation and Comparison from a Commercial Ink
The tabular array shows the inks’ consequence when used to compose on paper. For the natural ink. the research workers chose a black dye ( diluted with H2O ) so. assorted with the banana sap infusion. From the researchers’ observations and comparings. the natural ink is more pale in colour compared to the commercial ink. From the informations above. it clearly states the effectivity of the natural ink. The research workers chose the banana sap as a mixture with the dye because the its infusion is gluey and it stains dressing. Last. there are no important consequence to the tegument of the research workers who mixed and the banana sap and dye which may be interpreted as allergic reaction or annoyance.
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Based from the consequences gathered in the experiments. the research workers conclude that utilizing Banana sap ( Musa ? Paradisiaca ) . in the signifier of a decoction. is an effectual alternate natural ink. Banana saps are free and the other stuffs needed in doing the decoction can be easy found in any family. Furthermore. the research workers conclude that the banana sap is environment friendly because it is organic and safe to utilize for worlds because there are no side effects in utilizing it aside from the stickiness of it and it might stain their vesture. Compared to the commercial ink. the natural ink is a small watery and it’s easier to rinse off your custodies.
Based from the drawn decisions. the research workers further recommend the followers:
a. Conduct more experiment utilizing varied conditions and method of readying.
B. Use different sub-specie of banana tree.
c. Use applications on different types of paper as ink.
d. Use or add other gluey substances.
e. Conduct an experiment on a longer span of clip.
Mimosa Pudica and Its Pseudostems
Landmeier. P. . Plants of Eastern Guatemala. December 16. 2012
World Wide Web. medicalhealthguide. com. What Is Banana. 2011
Banana Sap as Dye for Fabric
Ahmad. H. . ALTERNATIVE MEDIUM FOR ARTWORKS. October 2007
Making Berry Inks
Willowcrow. Making Berry Inks ( Huckleberry. Raspberry. Blackberry. Pokeberry. Etc. ) . August 29. 2012