Birds of Galapagos

December 28, 2016 General Studies

The Galapagos islands are located on a East-West axis of about 320 km. The archipelago is composed of 19 islands and 42 small islands or rocks emmerging of the water. The principal islands are Isabela, Santa Cruz, Fernandina, James, San Cristobal, Floreana, Rabida, Seymour, Wolf, and BartolomA(C). Because there are too many birds in the archipelago, I just chose to describe the most interesting for me.

Galapagos Penguins .

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This penguin is proper to the Galapagos, this means we can find it nowhere but there. The bird is 53 cm long. It is the only penguin to be in a place located on the Equator. The adult is black at the back and the wings, and white in front and the wings, with a black line going from the upper bossom down the sides to the tail. The male is more massive than the female. The young are grey where the adult is black and are missing the head and bossom markings. Chicks are totally grey. Galapagos Penguins are usually found in small crowds (two to seven individuals), and even when the water temperature is less than 23A?C, the crowds in the water can include up to 20 individuals. The Penguins are found on the islands BartolomA(C), Rabida, Sombrero Chino, Fernandina, and Floreana. They feed themselves with fish and crustaceans. The population of the birds is said to be around 1400 to 2700 birds. These birds breed only on the islands Isabela and Fernandina and can bring to birth up to three chicks per year. .

Great Frigatebird.

When this bird flies in circles in the sky, it is a bad sign. The bird is 86 to 100 cm long and has a wing span of 203 to 230 cm. The male is completely black, with a little green sheen at the back. In the breeding period, it has a red gular sack. The female is mostly black as well, except for the neck and chest, which are white. The eye-circlet is red or pink. The young have a brick-like tone on the head and chest. These birds are found on EspaA?ola, Fernandina, Tortuga (Isabela), Genovesa, Punta Pitt (San Cristobal), Darwin, Wolf and North Seymour.


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