I am going to try to explain the British Colonies in America to an English citizen. I will emphasize the differences and the similarities of the northern, middle, and southern colonies. I am going to emphasize this by explaining the topics of origin, religion, government, economics, labor, and social life of the colonies. I will also explain how the differences and similarities of the colonies effected the relationship between New England and the Revolution and how the French and Indian war effected the colonies. Lastly, I will address how this can still be observed today.
In British America, there are some differences and similarities of the northern, middle, and southern colonies. When you talk about one’s climate and geography; New England, the middle, and the southern colonies all have the same similarity in which they all have hills, mountains, lakes, or waterways. New England has long, cold winters with hot, short summer and the middle has mild winters and summers while the southern colony is a year around growing season. Economics in New England, the middle, and the southern colonies also have a few similarities and differences.
When it came to trade, they all trade with other colonies and direct exchange with Europe. New England and the middle colony had a couple of the same products; timber and fish. Furs also being a product of New England and grains, fruits/vegies, and iron being products of the middle colony. The culture for each colony is mostly different for the exception of New England and the southern colony; they are both largely English. Religion within the colonies are all different; New England believe in no religious freedom, the middle colony believes in religious freedom, and the southern colony believes in episcopal.
The colonies that became the USA were originally colonies of Great Britain. By the time the revolution took place, the people of the colonies were beginning to get tired of the British rule. Rebellion and dissatisfaction were wild. The Revolution was largely an economic one. The main reason the colonies started rebelling against England was the taxation issue. The colonies debated England’s legal power to tax them and did not wish to be taxed without argument. Yet, not everyone preferred this revolution particularly the areas that had mixed ethnic cultures and those that had nothing to do with the war.
The people of the middle colonies were very unexcited about the revolution happening. In the middle and southern colonies, some people did support the change in government but they didn’t believe it had to be done in violence; they believed that discussion and conciliation was the correct solution. The French and Indian war caused for numerous effects on the colonies. The British victory in the French and Indian War had a great impact on the British Empire. It meant a great expansion of British territorial claims in the New World but the cost of the war had significantly enlarged their debt.
For the American colonists the war was equally deep but had a different effect. The colonies learned to unite against the enemy and before the war the thirteen colonies shared no common ground but now they seen that together they could be very powerful. The great growth of land from the French and Indian war became strange in that it raised confidence but after a while with the debt from the war it began to destroy the unity between the British and the colonies. The differences between the colonies can still be observed today. Movements in the United States have arisen in response to periods of economic hardship.
There is still tea party groups that unite when the government does something that the majority of the people of that population finds wrong. For example; raising taxes or the healthcare reform. The tea party movement focused its anger at the federal government and extolled praised the benefits of the free market principle. I am not history smart at all but sounds like to me that the French and Indian War was the war that made America. In my opinion, because they failed, the British was able to colonize westwards and take more lands and if the French would have be successful then America would have been established to the areas of the east.