Cambodia And South Africa Under Foreign Colonization History Essay

Colonization occurs whenever a state takes over another state, normally to take advantages for itself. Colonization is frequently favourable to the colonial power, although the state under colonisation can besides profit. For illustration, British colonisation brought an terminal to break one’s back trade in South Africa, which started when the Dutch colonized the state. However, this colonisation had terrible long-run effects such as race divisions in the state, and so on. Another illustration would be the Gallic colonisation of Cambodia. While France claimed to be supporting Cambodia from foreign invasions, particularly its neighbour states, Thailand and Vietnam, it besides received benefits from Cambodia. Cambodia was believed to be weak at that clip, and without French aid, the state would hold been threatened by its neighbours. One of the common advantages South Africa and Cambodia shared was that both colonial powers had improved the states ‘ substructure, such as roads, infirmaries, and schools, and somewhat improved their economic systems. Gallic colonisation of Cambodia was more positive than the South African colonisation as Kampuchean people suffered from development and unfairness merely during the colonisation while the British and Dutch had left a long-run separation between the Blacks and Whites in South Africa.

The state of affairs in Cambodia before and during the Gallic colonisation was awful. At first, Cambodia was under Thailand. When France began commanding Cambodia, it had to give up several Kampuchean states to Thailand in a treaty between France and Thailand ( Francois Ponchaud 48-49 ) . France imposed heavy revenue enhancements on Kampuchean people. These revenue enhancements included human revenue enhancements, land revenue enhancements, carnal revenue enhancements, commercialism revenue enhancements, and transit revenue enhancements. To be able to pay these revenue enhancements, Kampuchean provincials tried to spread out industrial plantations, rubber tree plantations, along with other plantations such as, turning more rice, maize, peas, and so on. However, these were non plenty for the people to maintain up paying the revenue enhancements ; hence, the provincials became truly hapless and in debt to the Gallic business communities. Furthermore, the involvement rate, which the people had to pay, ranged from 100 % -150 % and sometimes 200 % a twelvemonth ( Hen Vongchorvy 141 ) .

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In malice of the disadvantages of the colonisation, Cambodia besides gained several advantages. Its economic system was partly developed because of 1000s hectares of gum elastic braid that were grown by France. At the same clip, France besides improved Kampuchean substructure, particularly schools. However, France merely began constructing schools in the early 1900s. France had absolute power over Cambodia as it was able to put political system within the state. First, it had control over the instruction in Cambodia. In 1911, there were 30 primary schools and in 1937, the Numberss of schools significantly increased to 813. There was merely one in-between school in 1911, and this school was improved to go a high school in 1937 ( 141-142 ) . Students that wanted to foster their instructions had to travel to Hanoi where France had built the lone university for the full Indochina ( Francois Ponchaud 57-58 ) . In add-on, France had built a 1.6km main road which could be used until 1970 ( 57 ) .

France favored Vietnam more than Cambodia. They believed that Vietnamese were more capable and worked harder than Cambodians. For illustration, about all the retainers of Gallic people and rubber trees workers were Vietnamese. Because of this position, France had distributed its power below the belt. Gallic governments had appointed Vietnamese functionaries to command Kampuchean people which infuriated the Khmers and raised hatred in general towards the Vietnamese ( Francois Ponchaud 56 ) . However, there were no important negative impacts from the Gallic except the lost districts to Thailand and Vietnam.

British colonisation of South Africa was positive during those old ages of colonisation, although had terrible long-run effects peculiarly the separation between the inkinesss and Whites. After the British came and took over South Africa from the Dutch, Britain passed the Abolition of Slave Trade Act ( Encyclopedia of African History: Volume 1 A-G ) . This act was to get rid of bondage in South Africa, which the Dutch had started slaves into South Africa, besides known as the Cape settlement that clip, since they foremost came in 1852 ( “ Marco Ramerini ” ) . During the times when Dutch was in power, slaves were used to work for free and were treated below the belt by their proprietors. Harmonizing to “ Slavery and early colonisation in South Africa ” , slaves were purely controlled and would be punished badly if they tried to run off or disobey the bid ordered by their proprietors. Slaves who tried to run were put into ironss and those who tried to assail their proprietors could be potentially put to decease. The nutrient given to the slaves were besides awful. It was merely until 1806, when Britain abolished bondage, that slaves were treated better by their proprietors. The import of slaves from other parts of the universe finally increased the figure of slaves in South Africa to 16, 839 slaves in 1795 ( “ Marco Ramerini ” ) .

Even if Britain had abolished bondage, Whites still continued to hold power over inkinesss and coloured people in South Africa. This led to the creative activity of a legal system invented by the National party called “ the Apartheid ” . Initially, the system was made to “ keep the white domination while widening racial separation ” ( “ The History of Apartheid in South Africa ” ) . This system partly took away rights from South African people, including, the prohibition of assorted matrimonies, which whites could merely get married Whites, and same for inkinesss. This jurisprudence resulted in terrible racial favoritisms ; there was about nil that inkinesss and Whites shared. First, transit was separated. Black buses stopped at black coach Michigans, and white coachs stopped at white 1s. Second, even beaches were non shared ; the best beaches were reserved for the Whites, while there were merely few beaches for the inkinesss. Education besides varied ; in 1970s, “ each black kid ‘s instruction merely cost the province merely a ten percent of each white ‘s ” ( “ Apartheid from twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours ” ) . In order for this system to work cleanly, the authorities had to sort the races in South Africa. Blacks were the African indigens, colored were the Indians and Asians, Whites were those of Dutch or British descent, although they must hold had both of their parents either Dutch or British

Overall, South Africa and Cambodia had both common and opposite impacts from their colonial powers. The impacts were the same when Kampuchean and South African people both were exploited by the aliens. However, the state of affairs in Cambodia was non every bit bad as in South Africa, where the people had to endure from poorness and deficiency of freedom. Both states had tried to arise against the colonial powers but failed to carry through their ends of conveying independency. On the other manus, there were besides many antonyms. First, South Africa struggled with the race issues between inkinesss and Whites, which Cambodia did non fight with at all. Second, the consequence of the colonisation in Cambodia did non hold long-run consequence, while South Africa continued to confront racial separation.

Gallic bequest had left a more positive impact on Cambodia than British or Dutch on South Africa. Although Kampuchean provincials had to fight with poorness because of the heavy revenue enhancements France put, Cambodia besides gained several benefits, such as ; schools, roads, some infirmaries the Gallic had built for them. However, it was non the same with South Africa. The Dutch turned it into a slave state which resulted in divisions that still even exist today, though non as obvious or strong as it used to be. Cambodia and South Africa faced about the same conditions during those colonisations, but I would prefer being under France than Dutch merely because France did non import any important sum of slaves like the Dutch did.

Work Cited

Ponchaud, Francois. Brief history of Cambodia. Phnom Penh: 2007.

Vongchorvy, Hen. 7th Grade history. Phnom Penh: 2006.

“ The history of apartheid in South Africa. ” n. pag. Web. 3 Mar2011

“ Apartheid from twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours. “ A Wikipedia. 2011.

“ Creation of apartheid. ” Wikipedia. 2011.

Ramerini, Marco. “ The Dutch in South Africa. ” n. pag. Web. 3 Mar 2011.

“ Bondage and early colonization in South Africa. ” n. pag. Web. 3 Mar 2011.

“ Cape Colony: British Occupation, 1806-1872. ” 1.A-G n. pag. Web. 3 Mar 2011.



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