Can people resolve psychosocial crises (as Erikson described them) during a later stage of personality development? If so, how? If not, why not? Yes I do believe that people can resolve psychosocial crises during a later stage of personality development. According to Erikson’s theory,there are eight development stages which they are: 1. Trust vs. Mistrust- first stage occur between birth to the age of one year at this age a child depend on their parents to take care of them , so if the child is treated well that child will trust their parents but if they are not treated well there will be a mistrust. . Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt- stage two occur during childhood , when a child is learning to make choices and learning to control their body functions such as potty training when they have completed this stage they will feel successfully in do it. 3. Initiative vs. Guilt-stage three occur during preschool years the child begins to feel that he/she is can play and social communication with other children, when they pass this stage they will feel that they are capable to lead others and those that fail will feel sense of guilt and they will doubt themselves and lack initiative. . Industry vs. Inferiority-stage four occurs at early school year when a child is encouraged and applauded by their parents they developed a feeling of competence and belief in their skills. Those who are not encouraged will doubt their ability to successes 5. Identity vs. Confusion-stage five happens during adolescence the child explores their independences. When a child is given encouragement and reinforcement through personal exploration will emerge from this stage with a strong sense of self and a feeling of independence and control.
Those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will insecure and confused about themselves and the future. 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation-stage six is period of early adulthood when persons are discovering relationships. Erikson believed it was very important that people develop close, committed relationships with other people. Those who are successful will develop relationships that are committed and secure within their relationships. 7. Generativity vs. Stagnation-stage seven is adulthood, in this a person is building their career and having families and doing it very successful.
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Those that fail to success will feel unproductive and uninvolved in the world. 8. Integrity vs. Despai- stage eight is old age this stage is when elderly look back at their life and reflects how their life been successful has no regrets. But a person that reflects feels that their life was a waste will feel bitter and despair and have many regrets. When a person goes through stage one to stage eight will be equipped to deal with crises in their lives Refernces: Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton. 2 Erikson, E.
H. (1963). Childhood and Society. (2nd ed. ). New York: Norton. 3 Carver, C. S. & Scheir, M. F. (2000). Perspectives on Personality. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. According to Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, crises or conflicts, serve as turning points during our developmental stages. The stages are 1. ) Trust vs. Mistrust 2. ) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt 3. ) Initiative vs. Guilt 4. ) Industry vs. Inferiority 5. ) Identity vs. Confusion 6. ) Intimacy vs. Isolation 7. ) Generativity vs. Stagnation 8. ) Integrity vs. Despai