Causes of the 1st and 2nd World Wars Essay

The causes of World War one and World War two portion shared both differences and similarities. but overall there were more differences between the two. The societal. political and economic fortunes of the times varied. though at times correlated with each other. but there are utmost differences that help make a different ambiance for each war. The First World War was fought between the old ages 1914 to 1918 and the second was fought from1939 to 1945. Both wars involved military confederations between different groups of states. The World War 1 was centered on Europe. The word warring states were divided into two groups. the cardinal powers and the allied powers. The cardinal powers consisted of Germany. Austria. Hungary. Turkey and Bulgaria. The allied powers group consisted of France. Britain. Russia. Italy. and Japan and ( from 1917 ) the U. S. In the Second World War. the opposing confederations are now referred to as the axis and the Alliess.

The axis group consisted of Germany. Italy and Japan. The Alliess group consisted of France. Britain. the U. S. . the Soviet Union and China. The thing that triggered the coming about of the First World War was the blackwash of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on 28th June 1914. the inheritor to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was killed by Siberian patriots. Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia. At the same clip Germany invaded Belgium. Luxembourg and France. Russia attacked Germany. Several confederations formed over the past decennaries were invoked. so within hebdomads the major powers were at war ; as all had settlements. the struggle shortly spread around the universe. The Second World War on the other manus was caused by pact misdemeanors and Acts of the Apostless of aggression on assorted founts.

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Political and economic instability in Germany. combined resentment over its licking in World War 1 and the rough conditions of the pact of Versailles. The Versailles Treaty signed at the terminal of World war 1 non merely put the moral incrimination of the struggle on Germany but besides forced Germans to do immense payments to the masters of the war. France and Britain needed these reparations payments in order to pay their ain debts. But they were extremely burdensome. arguably inexcusably so. and were profoundly unpopular in Germany. In fact. the payments demanded were so big that Germany was able to refund the concluding installment of involvement on this debt merely on October 3. 2010. Another cause of the Second World War was the rise of power of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. In the mid-1930’s Hitler began in secret to rearm Germany. in misdemeanor of the pact.

Hitler seized on his turning bitterness and promised to “undo this unfairness and rupture up this pact and reconstruct Germany to its old greatness” . Adolf Hitler signed confederations with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union. Imperialism was a cause of both World War 1 and the Second World War. In the First World War. there are differences over the Balkans between Austria-Hungary and Russia. Morocco between France and Germany. Tunisia between France and Italy. and the Middle East by Germany. Britain and Russia.

Whereas. in the Second World War. Germany obtains the Saar Valley. remilitarizes the Rhineland. extensions Austria. Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia. He so takes over much of Europe. Italy takes over Ethiopia and Japan invades China. On August 6th 1945 due to their refusal to give into the US’s ultimatum. the B-29 American bomber. the Enola Gay. dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Three yearss subsequently. America dropped another atomic bomb on Nagasaki. after Nipponese leaders failed to react to the first bombardment. On September 2nd. 1945. Japan eventually gave in and signed a statement of resignation stoping the Second World War.

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