Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults
COURSE DATES APPLIED FOR:
Complete this task carefully. It is one of the factors we consider when making a decision about your application. You will be asked to comment on the contents of this task in greater depth at interview. Please make a copy of this task so that you may refer to it if you have a telephone interview
PLEASE WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON THESE SHEETS PROVIDED
a) How would you explain to a language learner the difference in meaning between these two
examples Hes been to Paris / Hes gone to Paris.
Hes been to Paris: he has been to Paris in the past and has returned.
Hes gone to Paris: he has departed for Paris; he is in Paris, or travelling to Paris, now. Statement is in the present or recent past.
b) How would you explain to a language learner the difference in meaning between these two
examples I??™ve been doing the washing-up/I??™ve done the washing-up
I??™ve been doing the washing-up: The speaker has recently been busy with the task of washing-up
I??™ve done the washing-up: The speaker has finished the washing-up
c) How would you explain to a language learner the difference in meaning between these two examples If I have enough money I??™ll go on holiday/ If I had enough money I??™d go on holiday
If I have enough money I??™ll go on holiday: the speaker hopes to go on holiday, as long as they save enough money.
If I had enough money I??™d go on holiday: the speaker wishes to go on holiday but does not expect to have enough money.
Explain the difference between the following pairs of words.
??? bring: transport or take with, transmit [accompany] ???I will you bring you breakfast in bed???; ???Can you bring the spare key when you next come to the house???; ???I bring good news!??? [ ???I hope you will bring your boyfriend to the party???; ???The winter will bring a chill wind???]
??? fetch: to retrieve or collect an item or person from elsewhere and bring back
???Will you fetch my gloves from the car???; ???Please throw a stick for the dog to fetch???
thin / skinny
??? thin: slender or narrow; the opposite of wide, thick or fat. Can refer to any object.
???A thin slice of cheese???; ???She had a thin neck???
??? skinny: extremely thin ??“ usually refers with disapproval to an underweight aperson or animal.
???That model is too skinny???
win / beat
??? win: come first; achieve a prize
???I think Andy Murray will win Wimbledon next year???
??? beat: defeat an opponent
???Roger Federer beat Murray at Wimbledon this year???
Say the following words aloud (try them in a sentence) and then mark
the syllable that takes the main stress; like this: ? ?
o ? ? ? ?
allow prediction controversial prefer preference
o ? ? ? ?
photograph photographic photographer record(noun) record(verb)
APPROACHES TO TEACHING AND LEARNING
Now think of your own experience as a learner of languages at a school or elsewhere. What conclusions would you draw from your experience as regards what makes a good language lesson Write a minimum of a hundred words in the space provided below.
A good language lesson will:
??? provide clear objectives and learning aims
??? include structured progression
??? be challenging, engaging and productive
??? provide activities that require interaction with the material and involve all students in the learning process
??? provide a range of activities to meet the different learning styles of students
??? provide differentiated material to support classes of mixed ability
??? provide opportunities for students to ask for something to be re-explained
??? include scaffolded exercises leading on to more challenging activities to stimulate students in the learning process
??? encourage students to work things out for themselves
??? encourage students to summarise material and give examples to demonstrate their understanding
??? provide opportunities to revisit learning points – repetition to embed learning but with some variation of approach to maintain students??™ motivation
??? provide opportunities for the teacher to ask probing questions to draw out misconceptions
??? build on previous learning
??? provide motivating context for learning
??? provide opportunities for students to explore ideas and ask questions
??? be relevant to the qualification??™s examination
??? provide opportunities for practise and self-assessment: putting theory into practice is not necessarily straightforward
??? provide a patient and supportive learning environment