Celta1

December 7, 2016 Teaching

Language related tasks
Target Language: It doesn`t fit me. vs It doesn`t really suit you.
Level: Pre-intermediate (A2)
1. Context First a teacher puts on a big, beautiful coat and says the first sentence. Then a teacher puts on an ugly coat and a pupil says the second sentence.
2. Characteristics
i) Meaning:
It doesn`t fit me ??“ this sentence implies the fact that a piece of clothing is not the right size for the person`s body
It doesn`t really suit you ??“ this sentence expresses the opinion that a piece of clothing doesn`t look attractive on a person
ii) Form:
It doesn`t fit me
3rd person singular pronoun + auxiliary verb in Present Simple (3rd person singular) + not + bare infinitive +object pronoun
It doesn`t really suit me
3rd person singular personal pronoun + auxiliary verb in Present Simple (3rd person singular) + not + adverb + bare infinitive +object pronoun
iii) Pronunciation: It doesn`t fit me. /i ?d?z?n f?tmi/
It doesn`t really suit me. / ??d?z?n ?r??li su?tmi/
In both sentences, elision takes place between ???it??? and ???doesn`t???. In both sentences main stress is on the auxiliary and main verbs.
3. Concept checking questions
Teacher Students
What did I put on a coat
Is it the right size (1st sentence) No
(2nd sentence) Yes
Does it look attractive on me (1st sentence) Yes
(2nd sentence) No

Target Language: He stopped smoking. vs He stopped to smoke.
Level: Upper-intermediate (B2)
1. Context Four pictures with two different people: the first with a cigarette, the second leading a healthy lifestyle, the third walking in the park, the fourth in the park sitting on a bench and smoking
2. Characteristics
i) Meaning:
He stopped smoking ??“ this sentence implies the fact a person doesn`t smoke any more, he gave up smoking
He stopped to smoke ??“ this statement implies the fact that a person walked and then he stopped in order to rest and smoke for a few minutes
ii) Form:
He stopped smoking
3rd person singular pronoun + verb in Past Simple + gerund
He stopped to smoke
3rd person singular pronoun + verb in Past Simple + infinitive
iii) Pronunciation: He stopped smoking. / hist?pt ?sm??k??/
He stopped to smoke. / hist?p t?sm??k/
In both sentences main stress is on the lexical verb, elision takes place between
3. Concept checking questions
Teacher Students
Is it present, past or future Past
Is he smoking now (1st sentence) No
(2nd sentence) Yes
Does he smoke (1st sentence) No
(2nd sentence) Yes
Did he smoke before (1st sentence) Yes
(2nd sentence) Yes
Is he going to smoke again (1st sentence) No
(2nd sentence) Yes

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Target Language: Do you mind if I open the window vs Can you lend me a fiver
Level: Intermediate (B1)
1. Context The teacher says to the students: Pretend that I am on the bus and it is very hot. I don`t know anyone and I want to open the window. So I say ???Do you mind if I open the window??? The teacher says to a student: Pretend that I am your friend and we have known each other for a long time. So I tell you ???Can you lend me a fiver???
2. Characteristics
i) Meaning:
Do you mind if I open the window ??“ this question implies a polite request to someone you don`t know well, maybe anticipating possible objections
Can you lend me a fiver ??“ this question implies a request for yourself and is usually used between friends
ii) Form:
Do you mind if I open the window
Auxiliary verb in Present Simple + personal pronoun + bare infinitive + if + personal pronoun + verb in Present Simple + noun
Can you lend me a fiver
Modal verb + personal pronoun + bare infinitive +object pronoun + noun
iii) Pronunciation: Do you mind if I open the window / d?ju?ma?nd ?f?a? ???p?n ?? ?w?nd??/
Can you lend me a fiver / k? nju lenmi? ??fa?v?/
In the first sentence, linking takes place between ???do??? and ???you??? and main stress is on the ???mind??? and ???window???. The intrusion takes place between ???I??? and ???open???. In the second sentence main stress is on the last word, linking takes place between ???a??? and ???fiver???, intrusion takes place between ???lend??? and ???me???.
3. Concept checking questions
Teacher Students
What does the speaker want 1st sentence) to open the window
(2nd sentence) 5 pounds
Is it a request or question (1st sentence) request
(2nd sentence) request Is the speaker asking a friend or a stranger (1st sentence) a stranger
(2nd sentence) a friend

Bibliography
Longman, (2003) Dictionary of Contemporary English
Scrivener, J (2010) Teaching English Grammar

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