Child neglect

May 12, 2018 Psychology

?Child Neglect is failure to provide for a child’s basic needs. Neglect can be physical, educational, or emotional. Physical neglect includes denial of, or delay in, seeking health care; abandonment; removal from the home or refusal to allow a runaway to return home; and poor supervision. The magnitudes of neglect can impair a child’s learning ability, their self-esteem, their current and future social relationships, and harm to their overall wellbeing.

We all have heard of stories of child maltreatment, child abuse, and child murder. It looks as if it is getting worse every year. Yet it never fails to amaze us when we hear or read about terrible mistreatment of children around the country. If we tried to understand every single incident, we would probably become depressed, and lose our sanity The question now is can young survivors of neglect endure their experience, and can they live a normal life. When examining German-American Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory.

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Erikson expanded Freud’s concepts of development fundamentally, expanding on each stage, and adding a few of his own. Erikson emphasized that the ego does not just mediate between id impulses and superego demands (Freud’s theory). At each stage, it also acquires attitudes and skills that make the individual an active, contributing member of society. A basic psychological conflict, which is resolved along a continuum from positive to negative, determines healthy or maladaptive outcomes at each stage. ( McLeod 2008).

More severe cases of neglect can result in serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders. In some cases of emotional abuse, the acts of parents or other caregivers alone, without any harm evident in the child’s behavior or condition, are sufficient to warrant child protective services ( Anne Shale 2011) And sometimes, agency intervention is too little too late. Such is the case of Emani Moss. The 10-year-old girl found in a trash can at a metro Atlanta apartment complex. According to the police, emani did not for eat for dozens of days.

Emani was isolated from people outside of her family in the weeks before her death,” “She did not attend school outside the home during this school year (Atlanta constitutional journal 2013). Clearly, this is a terrible case of neglect. Emani’s neglect was shameful. She missed all the aforementioned markers that the behavioral experts and psychiatrists say need to be in place for normal development. Emani suffered lack of training, care, and human familial interaction. Her cognitive and psychosocial

developments were stunted before they even began. We pray not to hear of another case like this ever again. But chances are we will. Our only defense is to report any possible child maltreatment we witness, or even suspect. Caseworkers doing home visits are still our most common intervention in trying to discover and monitor these types of events of abuse and neglect. Home visits can impart positive benefits to families by way of influencing maternal parenting practices, the quality of the child’s home environment, and their development.

In addition, improved parenting skills, which will decreases maltreatment over They also report that the home visiting programs, such as Early Head Start, have their greatest benefits for low-income, first-time adolescent mothers. Theorists and policy makers alike believe strongly that home visiting can be a beneficial and cost-effective strategy for providing services to low income families, and we hope that we save as many as we can (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). However, sometimes the ill effects are felt outwards, and no one sees it coming; and it is not a singularly low-income problem.

On Friday December 14, 2012, twenty-year-old Adam Lanza shot his way into the Sandy Hook Elementary school and slaughtered twenty children, and six faculty staff, his mother and finally, himself. The media televised the tragedy while we all ponder on the senseless murders and political debate flares up once again. This time it is gun control. Nevertheless, the focus was missed, he was another troubled child. We can try to label him, he had no friends, and he may have been a person who was passive and socially awkward who never received any sort of “peer acceptance.

There was obvious emotional, and personality issues. His identity was not fully developed, and took a wrong turn. According to Dr. Laura E Berk, Psychology Professor at Illinois State University, Erikson psychosocial Stage five – Identity vs. confusion, is a major personality achievement of adolescence and a crucial step towards becoming a productive happy adult. Those with a weak sense of trust have trouble finding ideals to have faith in. Those with little independence do not engage in activities required (2007).

A child who failed these early crises will have much trouble superseding a teenager’s identity crisis, the negative outcomes of which can fill books, and can lead to suicides, and evidently, murder. Again, raising a child is not easy, and dealing with an unstable young person can only be worse. Parents and caretakers cannot deal with this alone, and sometimes they need the help of schools and professionals to catch the signs that something may be wrong right under their noses. Perhaps then, we may hope that all children be treated with the love and attention they need, and deserve.

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