The Commission of Higher Education has published the Memorandum Order number 14 series of 2009 which focuses on the new policies and to make new standards for the course Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). The new CHED order has emphasized that the BSN course should be competence-based and community-oriented. It is a pre-requisite that nursing graduates must not only obtain such degree, but must be competent in various fields.
The nurse must be competent in the following Key Areas of Responsibility for which a nurse should demonstrate competence in Safe and quality nursing care, Management of resources and environment, Health education, Legal responsibility, Ethico-moral responsibility, Personal and professional development, Quality improvement, Research, Record Management, Communication, Collaboration and teamwork. This CHED CMO No. 14 has again some difference with CMO No. 5 s. 2008 in terms of third and fourth year subjects.
With CHED CMO No. 14, students shall choose at least two Electives [Elective 1 and 2] to complete the BS Nursing Program. Elective 1 is taken in the 3rd Year 2nd Semester. Choices for Elective I are Parent-Child Nursing, Spiritual Care Nursing, and Hospice Palliative Care. Elective 2 is taken in the 4th Year, 1st Semester. Choices for Elective II are Acute/Critical Care Nursing, Quality Health Care and Nursing, and Care of the Chronically ill and the Older Person.
In addition, an Intensive Nursing Practicum subject during the 4th year corresponds to 8 units of clinical work. CHED CMO No. 14 still mandates a 4-year curriculum for nursing. Moreover, one of the reasons why there are so many nursing graduates is that because schools that offer nursing courses have also proliferated. Unfortunately not all of the existing nursing schools offer quality education and one proof of that is the low percentage of their graduates that passed the national licensure examination for nurses.
To solve this problem, the Commission of Higher Education (CHED) issued an advisory to the schools with dismal passing rate in the board examination to improve the quality of their education within the next three years or they will be forced to close down. This closure of some nursing schools will be implemented will start by the year 2013 as based on CMO 14. New trend in the nursing course is the new curriculum wherein one of its features is to expose the students in the clinical area as early as possible.
In the old curriculum, nursing students start to have an exposure to the clinical area during the third year level while in the new curriculum, pre-clinical exposure begins on their first year level. The newest program of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for the nursing students and nursing schools included the early exposure to clinical area, advanced learning of the nursing theories and procedures and early capping and pinning ceremony.
According to the CHED Memorandum Order No. 14 Series of 2009, this curriculum is a four-year program consisting of general education and professional courses. Professional courses begin in the first year and threads through the development of competencies up the fourth year level. The BSN program provides an intensive nursing practicum that will refine clinical skills from the first year level to ensure basic clinical competencies required of a beginning nurse practitioner.