The texts which I have studied in my comparative class are “The Great Gatsby” ( G. G. ) written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. “Casablanca” ( C. B. ) directed by Micheal Curtiz and “Translations” ( T. ) written by Brian Friel. The cultural context of all three texts impacts on how and why the people behave the manner they do. In this essay I will analyze the elements which I thought had the most important impact on the characters which contributed to their behavior throughout the narrations. The first facet I will analyze is the scene of all texts – how it impacts on the manner in which the chief characters act and the effects it has on their behavior. G. G. is set in the “Roaring Twenties” in America. Fitzgerald set G. G. in an altered version of Long Island and Manhattan where Great and Manhasset Neck became East and West Egg and the big landfill site at Flushing is renamed the ‘valley of ashes` . This glamourous decennary of the 1920’s was one of great cultural. artistic and societal developments.
WWI had ended in 1918 and left people disillusioned. This coevals that fought and survived were ‘the lost generation` . At this clip. America seemed to throw itself headfirst into a decennary of daredevil behavior and philistinism. This epoch. besides known as ‘The Jazz Age` was improvised and wild. wind broke the regulations of music merely as ‘The Jazz Age` thumbed its olfactory organ at the regulations of the past. Now. the ‘American Dream` became outstanding and the thought of America being a land of chance was challenged and people came to believe that a determined and able person could accomplish anything. regardless of their societal background. This was a chase of wealth. G. G. . unlike the other two texts is set in a clip where although holding merely came out of war. no other state imposed on America’s freedom. which I think led to freer ethical motives and loser behavior among the people ( for illustration. the widespread unfaithfulness ) .
Unlike G. G. . C. B is set in Morocco’s existent costal metropolis of Casablanca under Vichy French regulation ( a marionette disposal for the Germans ) during the early yearss of WWII. At this clip. people from all over the universe. particularly Nazi occupied Europe. came to Casablanca. Some seeking to get away and others. scam creative persons seeking to acquire rich. It is described as a “torturous refugee trail” to make Casablanca where they “wait” for passport visas ( letters of theodolite ) to get away. The societal scene of C. B. is presented to us as we see a Earth go arounding easy at the beginning of the movie. An important male voice gives us the clip puting for the movie.
The chief action of the movie covers three yearss in the life of Rick Blaine. an American who has fled from Paris as the Nazis occupied it. He has set up a cafe in CB as he tried to bury his yesteryear and a black love matter. “Rick’s Cafe Americano” is the most popular bent out. a topographic point where fly-by-night traffics and chancing take topographic point. T. differs from both texts as it celebrates the daily and the humor and humor the mundane. Unlike G. G. and CB. T is non remotely glamorized. However. T and CB are likewise in the sense that both texts contain people who strive to derive their states independency.
The scene of the drama T. is a little rural Irish talking community in the fictional townland of Baile Beag in County Donegal. The twelvemonth is 1833 and Ireland is under British Rule and portion of the British Empire. It is a community of renter husbandmans and fishermen where dwellers eke out a life from the land by turning murphies by angling or by rise uping farm animal. The local people worry about the possibility of murphy blight. unlike the people in CB and GG who are hungry for accomplishing money through concern and corrupt patterns. The people of Baile Beag are dependent on the land. this is affecting sing the drama is set non long before the Great Famine. There are really few employment chances in the country and people are shabbily dressed. whereas in both alternate texts the chief characters have a demure manner sense and expression to be rich.
However. like CB the people are eager to fly their county in T. Emigration is among the options available to those who want to break their state of affairs. The British ground forces arrives in Baile Beag to carry on a study of the country in order to do a new map and the soldiers are required to anglicize the topographic point names as they go along. The changing of the ancient topographic point names will hold a catastrophic destructive consequence on the civilization of the country. The new English names are both meaningless and empty. Another facet which I feel is a cardinal factor in all three texts is the function of both work forces and adult females and how each sex act towards each other. The three narrations reflect similar values in relation to males being the ruling sex and frequently in a negative context. They are normally the staff of life victors and superior to adult females. In GG. Tom Buchannan is really negatively portrayed. He is powerful and aggressive.
We see Tom’s combatant personality when he is physically opprobrious to Myrtle by interrupting her olfactory organ with his unfastened manus. Myrtle and Tom are both married to other people. but have an matter together. Tom is self captive and selfish. he does non give his married woman Daisy a 2nd idea when being unfaithful. This subject of negatively portraying work forces is besides outstanding in CB. Rick is selfish “I don’t stick my cervix out for anyone” . In CB. Rick is shown non to esteem Yvonne. He sends her on her manner with a saloon adult male who works for him because he thinks she is “too drunk” . Ugarte responds to this action. “you can non throw adult females around like that. some twenty-four hours they may be scarce” . In all three texts likewise. work forces fight for the love of a adult female. which is illustrated in a butch sense. In GG Tom and Jay battle for Daisy’s love. . in CB Rick and Laslo battle for Ilsa’s love and in T George and Manus battle for Marie’s love. Aspiration and optimism is a common factor across the three texts.
Daisy aspires to do it work with Tom. Ilsa wants to work her relationship with Laslo out and Marie will rekindle her love “when George returns” . All three adult females live in hope for a better tomorrow. The function of adult females is a common characteristic in each the texts. In all three adult females have no independency ; they rely on the work forces to supply for them. They do non work and are all seen as weak. They are all dominated by work forces and accept this fact. In GG. Daisy is rich and lives a epicurean life style. Daisy is a lazy character. “She made an attempt to rise” when Nick entered the room but was “paralysed with happiness” . Daisy provinces. “I’ve been lying on that couch for every bit long as I can remember” and says “We ought to be after something” to Jordan. However. she is presented as being unhappy “she cried and cried” . she describes her ain girl is seen as being a “beautiful small fool” . Daisy besides engages in an matter with Jay Gatsby. the civilization causes Daisy to act in this immoral mode.
In CB. adult females rely on work forces to do a life for them and liberate them from the parturiency of Casablanca. They are portrayed as being vulnerable. Ilsa relies on the work forces. Rick or Lazlo to acquire her the letters of theodolite. The adult females in CB conform to the traditional functions In T. once more. adult females have no independency. they depend entirely on work forces to work and supply for them. Sarah succeeds in get the better ofing address trouble. but is so worse at the terminal of the drama. She is presented as being weak and diffident. She has a “waif-like” visual aspect. In my sentiment. Sarah symbolizes the suggested breakability and exposure of adult females. But. Marie on the other manus is a strong character. She is a difficult worker “look at the blisters” and makes an vocal determination non to get married Manus. entirely as a agency of endurance.
Similarly in all three texts. we capture a soft and loving side to the adult females ; Ilsa loves both Rick and Lazlo. But these loves are really different. Daisy loves her girl tenderly and Marie falls in love with George. Although the three texts are likewise in a sense. there is a great fluctuation in the types of adult females we encounter across the three texts. In GG Myrtle is a plucky character. she stands up for herself to Tom “I’ll say whatever I like” but is dominated by him. the adult male whom she is holding an matter with. He breaks her olfactory organ and she carries on run intoing with him. Myrtle’s plucky independency has merely a contradiction on itself nevertheless. as she merely moves from 1s adult males laterality to another. She is under the control of her hubby who has to supply for her. Jordan besides has an incurable dishonesty ; I don’t believe she comes across as a nice character but I do non fault the characters for prosecuting in such dishonesty but merely the civilization in which they live.
Another facet of the cultural context which I feel contributes to how and why the people in the texts behave the manner the bash is faith. In the universe of the three texts. faith is non an built-in portion of mundane life. It is non important in their lives. Interestingly. in GG a dominant symbol within this novel is the billboard eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg. The eyes symbolize the loss of religious values in America. The hoarding was erected to advance the concern of an oculist in Queensborough – the eyes symbolize the turning commerce of America – life in America is all about doing money. a batch of money as evidenced by the wealth of people like Tom Buchanan – a man’s success is measured in footings of how much money he is deserving. non on what sort of individual he may be morally.
The hoarding. like the religious values of America. is ignored – “But his eyes. dimmed a small by many paintless yearss. under Sun and rain. brood on over the grave dumping land. ” The antique values of America. which Nick Carraway returns to reconnect with in the mid-West are wholly absent from the East. God seems to hold abandoned America. go forthing merely Dr. T. J. Eckleburg behind to gaze down with his empty eyes on people who have abandoned their religious values in the quest to accomplish stuff wealth. In “CB“ . faith is irrelevant in their lives. They have no clip for faith. We see one mention to religion throughout this movie which was when Ilsa said to Rick a heartfelt “Bless you” . nevertheless this still does non propose a faith had a major function in the text. The deficiency of faith. I think is due to the diverse multi-cultural society. CB is a impermanent finish for people flying.
In blunt contrast. in “T” we see an copiousness of spiritual mentions which show us the extent of their religion. In this society. faith plays an built-in portion and influences their behavior. It is a changeless characteristic of their mundane lives and conversation – “God save us” and “The God’s truth” . All the characters have a strong. unflinching Catholic religion. Religion is used as a crutch to assist people get through the rough worlds of their lives. “Sweet God did the practise harvest of all time fail in Baile Beag… Never” . this is an emphasized statement. “Never” shows their trust and religion in God it is a consolation from their meagre and crude being. Religion fortifies them. Religion takes topographic point in baptisms. aftermaths and funerals. There is a large difference in the prevalence and strength of faith in the three texts. There is another facet which I feel impacts significantly on how and why the people in the three texts act the manner they do. intoxicant.
There is a para across all three texts. Alcohol is used for both jubilation and comfort. In GG. intoxicant is prohibited. Although it is illegal. it can be seen everyplace throughout the text. Peoples who stayed sober were regarded as “deplorable and boring” . The prohibition of intoxicant ( “The Prohibition” ) created a booming underworld designed to fulfill the monolithic demand for black spirits among rich and hapless likewise. Alcohol is seen as a beginning of comfort for Daisy on her nuptials twenty-four hours to get away the rough world of non holding Tom “as rummy as a monkey” . The foolhardy maltreatment of intoxicant is besides something that contributed to the decease of Myrtle. “GG” is unlike “CB” where intoxicant is seen as a manner of socializing in this society. All the action throughout the movie takes topographic point in Ricks cafe where intoxicant plays a major function. Similarly to “GG” . we see alcohol being consumed for both jubilation and comfort. Ricks toast to Ilsa “Here’s looking at you kid” with bubbly is seen as them utilizing intoxicant to observe their hereafter.
Although we see Rick angry. bitter and so profoundly hurt by the return of Ilsa that he drinks to a great extent. In Ricks clip of desperation he lashes out at Ilsa as a consequence of intoxicant which is the lone clip we see the maltreatment of intoxicant. However. in “T” intoxicant is used as a mark of jubilation whether it spiritual or societal. When Owen returns place he promises his male parent “You and I are traveling to acquire footless drunk” . Hugh is seen to ever of has consumed an sum of intoxicant and ne’er appears sober. I feel alcohol is a cardinal factor that consequences in the people of the narrations moving the manner they do. The concluding facet I will research which I think influences the varied societies to act in certain ways is their societal position. wealth and poorness.
There is a blunt contrast in the event of wealth in all three texts. In “GG” there is an copiousness or wealth. luxury and extravagancy. The bulk of the characters live in an country of over indulgence. We learn that Tom gave Daisy a “string of pearls valued at $ 3500” . Social snobbism is prevailing for case. retainers. Jay Gatsby hosts munificent parties an there is no disbursal spared. His pretentious sign of the zodiac was bought to merely delight Daisy to seek and court her. George Wilson is an illustration of complete contrast to Jay. he lives in utmost poorness. The inside of his garage is described as “un-prosperous and base”
In “CB” we see an obvious richness in formal frock and chancing but non to the same extent as in “GG” . However. “CB” is similar to “GG” in the sense that wealth grants one power and freedom. Rick’s moneymaking concern puts him in the place of authorization but in my sentiment the theodolite documents appear to be the most valuable currency. “T” is the antithesis to the other two texts. The society is present as crude and impoverished. Peoples are hapless provincials who are dispossessed. The one-year wage for a instructor is 56 lbs. therefore highlights the poorness in contrast to the other two texts. I think there is a strong sense of stagnancy in this text. There is a deficiency of finance reflects in the deficiency of wellness attention and “infant mortality” .
Maire knows she has to larn English to travel frontward economically. There are gedge schools where kids are educated in comparing to the sign of the zodiacs in the “GG” . Malnourishment is outstanding and is due to the deficiency of proper nutrient. Sarah is described as “waif-like” . Through my survey of the comparative texts. I have found that the cultural context of the narrations impacts on how and why the people behave the manner they do. It allowed me to set up a greater apprehension of the characters themselves and to appreciate the fortunes at a deeper degree in the lives of the supporters.