To show how physically and emotionally drained and exhausted the men are he continues by using a metaphor; men marched asleep. It shows the extreme tiredness of the men as they look like the walking dead. To really emphasise the tiredness of the soldiers he goes on to say, Drunk with fatigue, which is a metaphor to show that the soldiers are probably so fatigued they are not completely aware of their actions and are staggering around as if drunk. They are not intoxicated with alcohol but with exhaustion. To continue to show that war drains everything of its energy Owen says, deaf even to the hoots of tired outstripped five-nines. The shells are not reaching their target because the men have no energy or drive.
In the next stanza the rhythm becomes faster and a lot of monosyllabic words are used. There is a lot of adrenalin but at the end of the stanza it slows back down to portray the slow and painful death of a fellow soldier. He says, Gas! Gas!, which is short and snappy showing you the soldiers were rushing around and panicking, and an ecstasy of fumbling, which means the adrenalin the soldiers were experiencing in a life or death situation was almost exciting for them. He uses a simile when he is describing the effect the gas attack had on a fellow soldier in, Floundering like a man in fire or lime. Lime is a substance used in agriculture which burns if it comes into contact with the skin. Owen uses the simile to give the image of the dying soldier thrashing about as if on fire or covered in lime, rolling around as if to put out flames. Owen slows the poem right down at thisCHNKWKS Zï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½TEXTTEXT-GFDPPFDPPJFDPCFDPCLSTSHSTSHN-STSHSTSH-N2SYIDSYIDPNSGP SGP dNINK INK hNBTEPPLC lNBTECPLC “NFONTFONTï¿½N<STRSPLC ï¿½N:PRNTWNPROsFRAMFRAM…Wï¿½TITLTITL
XvDOP DOP ï¿½X”ally drained and exhausted the men are he continHow do Wilfred Owen and Alfred Lord Tennyson in their respective poems, Dulce et Decorum Est and The Charge of The Light Brigade, convey their opinions about conflict?
Wilfred Owen and Alfred Lord Tennyson poems , Dulce et Decorum Est and The Charge of the Light Brigade, both convey strong opinions and ideas about conflict and war. In Wilfred Owen s case that conflict was a long struggle of the soldiers on the front line during World War One. On the other hand, Tennyson writes about the charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War of 1854. He puts across the idea that men should be honoured for their bravery even though what happened was stupid. Tennyson based his poem on a newspaper article he read in the Times newspaper whereas Wilfred Owen based his on his horrific real life experiences of war. He uses the poem to convey his anger towards a pro-war poet Jesse Pope who wrote poems in newspapers. Tennyson s poem is written in a more story like, chronological and less emotive way.
In the first stanza of Wilfred Owen s poem, Dulce et Decorum Est, the rhythm reflects the subject matter which is tired and slow.
The first line uses a simile, bent double like old beggars under sacks, which gives you the image of dishevelled and worn out soldiers, scruffy and tatty because of the horrors of war. In the next line another simile is used in coughing like hags, which shows the soldiers are unhealthy and coughing like old women.
He also uses sibilance in cursed through sludge, and as you say this it creates a wet sludgy sound using onomatopoeia as well as sibilance to describe the sounds around the men as they walked. Wilfred Owen also uses personification by describing the flares as haunting. The flare casts point, Dim through the misty panes. The misty panes are the plastic or glass of the gas mask window misting up. As under a green sea, I saw him drowning, gives the audience the image of the dense gas and the soldier fading away as if drowning in water. Owen uses long vowel sounds to show a slow death.
The final stanza of the poem starts off slowly but as it progresses Wilfred Owen gets angrier and the rhythm speeds up again. It becomes a tirade of anger and there are no full stops which shows his fury. Smothering dreams, highlights Owen s nightmares about his fellow soldier s death; make him feel he is being suffocated. He feels he can never escape from the horrible images imprinted on his mind. He uses assonance in, white eyes writhing in his face, which means he was in so much pain even his eyes were squirming in agony in their sockets. He uses a simile and sibilance in his hanging face, like a devils sick of sin, which means his face was like that of a devils sick of seeing sin and terror. To emphasise the terrible effect the gas attack had on the mans lungs he uses onomatopoeia in, blood come gargling from the froth corrupted lungs. The world gargling captures the horror of the sight of the man in question coughing and spluttering as his lungs are attacked by the lethal gas. He goes on to use the simile, obscene as cancer He wants to say that war is cruel and insidious, slowly destructive. My friend, refers to Jesse Pope. He uses his poem to contradict her views on war and conflict telling her it is not sweet and glorious to die for your country.
Alfred Lord Tennyson s overall opinion on conflict is not dissimilar to that of Wilfred Owen s but the style of the poem he conveys this opinion in is. Tennyson s poem is second hand information from a newspaper report written by W.H Russell in The Times. Tennyson cleverly uses rhythm to set the scene by making the sound of horses galloping hooves helping to create an image of the cavalrymen which also helps to make the poem more atmospheric. Similarly to Owen, Tennyson uses metaphors. All in the Valley of Death, to show the valley was a place where many of the cavalry men in Tennyson s poem were killed. Tennyson s poem also contains speech which gives it a more story like feel and makes it more dramatic.
Forward the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns, he said, is an example of speech and shows the exact fatal order. He also uses a rhetorical question in, Was there a man dismayed? which make the audience become more involved. To further describe the valley he says, the Jaws of Death, which makes the valley sound like a giant creature about to gobble them all up.
Whilst Owen uses metaphors and similes to create vivid imagery, Tennyson relies more on repetition and rhyme. He uses sibilance in, shattered and sundered, which means the men were literally ripped apart and scattered around. Tennyson uses repetition in, Rode the six hundred, and by repeating this at the end of every stanza until stanza four it makes the audience really notice Not the six hundred. Like Owen, Tennyson uses onomatopoeia. Shattered and sundered, and volleyed and thundered are examples of this. Another similarity is that both poets use some sibilance. Stormed at with shot and shell, and sabre stroke shattered and sundered are both used by Tennyson in The Charge of the Light Brigade. Flashed all their sabres bare, gives the image of all of the six hundred cavalry men lined up at the top of the valley, their sabres glinting in the sunlight. The line also shows that they only had swords against the Russians who were equipped with guns. More repetition, Cannon to left of them, Cannon to right of them, Cannon in front of them, is used to show they were travelling down the valley and completely bombarded by the Russians. Came back through the Jaws of Death, back from the Mouth of Hell, is metaphorical and gives the impression that the few men who survived the horrific event had been chewed up and spat out from the, Mouth of Hell, the valley. All the world wondered, means the people had to wait for a while to read a report on the events of the Battle of Balaclava in the newspaper due to the fact that the Charge of the Light Brigade occurred before the days of television and radio.
To conclude, in their poems, Dulce et Decorum Est, and, The Charge of the Light Brigade, Wilfred Owen and Alfred Lord Tennyson both put across the view that war is not a good thing but Wilfred Owen does so in a more vivid way, describing disgusting images of pain, suffering and the horrors of war. On the other hand, Tennyson recognises the heroism involved in war. In the last stanza of his poem, The Charge of the Light Brigade, he repeats the word honour and uses noble to describe the brave six hundred men involved showing he thinks they should be remembered in history for years to come. The two poets use different methods of communication to put across their opinions. Owen uses similes, metaphors and vivid imagery whereas Tennyson relies on use of rhythm and repetition. Tennyson uses direct speech to create a more story-like poem. The differences in how the two poems are written could relate back to the fact that Wilfred Owen based his on his real life experiences during his time spent on the Front Line during the First World War and Tennyson got the information he used to write his poem from a newspaper report.