AFTER holding it easy for several old ages, the three listed participants in the confectionery industry are set to confront a bombilation of activity. Consumer goods elephantine Hindustan Lever has merely announced a raid into the concern with the launch of Max confect. An entry into this section is besides portion of the variegation programs of coffin nail major, ITC. Both hope to utilize the confectionery raid to pep up flagging growing rates in their nucleus concerns, therefore seting their ample hard currency flows to better usage.
High on possible
On the face of it, the critical statistics of the confectionery section seem more promising than the conventional FMCG classs such as lavatory soaps or detergents. While lavatory soaps and detergents already reach over 90 per cent of the families, both cocoa and sugar confectioneries have terribly low incursion degrees.
ORG-MARG estimations suggest that cocoas penetrated merely five per cent of the Indian families in 2000. On the other manus, sugar-boiled confectionery reaches 15 per cent of the families, go forthing ample room for growing. Even sing the urban market entirely, the class reaches merely 22 per cent of the urban consumers. This class, hence, has considerable possible to turn before it reaches impregnation point — as have traditional FMCG merchandises such as soaps and detergents. Cocoas and sugar-boiled confectionery self-praise of even lower incursion degrees than biscuits, which reach 56 per cent of the families.
The Indian confectionery market is segmented into sugar-boiled confectionery, cocoas, batchs and masticating gums. Sugar-boiled confectionery, dwelling of difficult boiled confect, brittles and other sugar-based confects, is the largest of the sections and valued at around Rs 2,000 crore. The organized section is dominated by Nutrine Confectionery and Parry Confectionery, apart from the Indian weaponries of MNCs such as Perfetti India and Warner Lambert.
Cadbury India and Nestle India besides made a raid into this section five old ages ago and have a little presence. Cocoas make up a 22,500-tonne market which is valued at Rs 400 crore and dominated chiefly by listed participants Cadbury India and Nestle India.
… but stealing volumes
However, despite its unmistakable potency, the major participants in the confectionery industry have non fared excessively good in recent times in footings of gross revenues growing. Take the cocoa section. Cadbury India, which derives about 76 per cent of its grosss from cocoas and sugar confectionery has seen its topline growing wind down from 19 per cent in 1999 to 12 per cent in 2000 and farther to 7 per cent in the first six months of 2001. Nestle India has managed to describe healthier gross revenues and net income growing, but this is more on history of the part from milk, java and culinary merchandises instead than sugar or cocoa confectionery.
The merely listed participant in sugar-boiled confectionery has non done excessively good either. Parrys Confectionery, a taking participant in sugar-boiled confectionery, has reported shriveling gross revenues volumes in 1998-99 and 1999-2000, after robust fiscal public presentation in earlier old ages.
Whining to a arrest
These topline Numberss merely reflect the land worlds. Industry beginnings estimate that the 22,500-tonne cocoa market, which grew at a robust 12 per cent per annum until 2000, grew by merely three per cent in that twelvemonth.
Several factors appear to behind this lag. As with all other FMCG merchandises, the demand for confectionery merchandises appears to hold been hit by the economic lag and the attendant shrinking in consumer disbursement. Confectionery merchandises are impulse nutrients and therefore look to hold borne the brunt of a cutback in consumer disbursement over the past twosome of old ages, while staple nutrients have continued to exhibit healthy growing rates.
This is apparent from ORG-MARG figures which suggest that the one-year per capita ingestion of cocoas really fell from 312 gms in 1999 to 307 gms in 2000, while that for sugar boiled confectionery fell from 621 gms to 579 gms ( beginning: ORG-MARG Milestone Documents: The Growth Inertia ) . Branded basics such as atta and salt registered a healthy addition in per capita ingestion over this period.
No monetary value hikings
Despite reasonably aggressive promotional attempts by sellers, the overall incursion degree for cocoas registered no addition between 1999 and 2000.
Consumption of cocoas could hold been impacted by the merchandising monetary value additions that sellers effected between 1999 and 2000. In 1999 and 2000, selling monetary values of cardinal cocoa trade names were pegged up by 5-15 per cent, partially reflecting a spike in chocolate monetary values in that period. This likely contributed to the gross revenues growing for the twelvemonth.
However, with chocolate monetary values falling aggressively in the 2nd half of 2000, sellers were forced to keep selling monetary values of most merchandises, keeping back value growing in gross revenues. Cadbury India, the market leader in the cocoa section ( market portion 71.9 per cent ) saw the growing in its cocoa portfolio decelerate to 6 per cent in the April 2000 to April 2001 period, from nine per cent the old twelvemonth. This was chiefly due to the healthy dual digit growing rates in its flagship trade name — Cadbury ‘s Dairy Milk. Trade names such as 5 Star and Perk stagnated in 2000-01.
Nestle India ‘s cocoa portfolio ( consisting of KitKat, Munch and Charge commanding a entire market portion of 24.7 per cent ) slowed even more dramatically, registering less than one per cent growing between April 2000 and April 2001. Though Nestle ‘s recent launch, Munch, has been a success, the low-cost trade name has moderated the value growing in Nestle ‘s portfolio.
Wooing grownups now
The avenue for growing appears to lie in taking advantage of the low incursion degree for cocoas by lassoing in new consumers. The cocoa big leagues attempted to make this by shifting cocoa, before targeted at kids, as a bite nutrient for grownups. Cadbury ‘s chocolate-coated wafer Perk and Nestle ‘s Charge and Munch were basically sold on this platform.
Though merchandises such as Perk did win ab initio ( Cadbury India claims to hold added eight million new consumers in 2000 ) , growing in this section appears to be petering out. Both Perk and KitKat ( the chocolate-coated wafer which is cardinal to Nestle ‘s cocoa portfolio ) , have shown marks of stagnancy in 2001, really describing negative growing rates for a few of the months.
Banking on smaller editions
Of late, the cocoa big leagues have been rejigging their merchandises to establish cocoas in the Rs 10 and Rs 5 monetary value points. Mimicing the tendency in other FMCG merchandises, the cocoa big leagues have been relaunching their conventional cocoa trade names in smaller unit battalions, trusting that this will motivate more frequent purchases and pep up volume growing.
The past twelvemonth has seen a batch of such launches, the 18-gram version of 5 Star ( retailing at Rs 5 ) , the 15-gram version of Cadbury Dairy Milk ( Rs 5 ) , Perk Slims ( Rs 5 ) , Cadbury Chocobix ( a cocoa biscuit combination priced at Rs 5 ) , Nestle Crunch ( a mini bite at Rs 6 ) and Nestle Munch ( Rs 5 ) .
It is early yearss yet to judge if this has so pepped up volume growing in the section. However, the cocoa big leagues do non hold much to lose. Unlike the low unit battalion versions of merchandises such as shampoos, the low unit battalions of cocoas do non be less on a per gm footing than their normal versions.
In most instances, the grammage offered under the low priced battalions, has been brought down in the same proportion as the monetary value, go forthing realizations for the cocoa big leagues untouched.
The narrative of cocoa began in the New World with the Mayans, who drank a dark brew called cacahuaquchtl. Subsequently, the Aztecs consumed chacahoua and used the chocolate bean for currency. In 1523, they offered chocolate beans to Cortez, who introduced cocoa to the Old World, where it fleetly became a favourite nutrient among the rich and baronial of Europe. Nestle forayed into cocoas & A ; confectionery in 1990 and has cornered a 4th portion of the cocoa market in the country.. It has expanded its merchandises range to all sections of the market The Kitkat trade name is the largest merchandising cocoa trade name in the universe. Other trade names include Milky Bar, Marbles, Crunch, Nestle Rich Dark, Bar-One, Munch etc. The sugar confectionery portfolio consists of Polo, Soothers, Frootos and Milkybar Eclairs. All sugar confectionery merchandises are sold under the umbrella trade name Allen ‘s. Nestle has besides markets some of its imported trade names like Quality Street, Lions and After Eight. New launches such as Nestle Choco Stick and Milky Bar Choo at attractive monetary value points to court new consumers. Chocolate confectionery gross revenues registered a strong 21.5 % yoy growing in 2001 assisted by good volume growing in Munch, Kitkat and Classic gross revenues. Nestle relaunched Bar-One during the twelvemonth.
From the beginning, turning natural, acrimonious chocolate beans into what one seventeenth century author called “ the merely true nutrient of the Gods ” has been a all right art, a delicate mixture of chemistry and scientific discipline.