Consciousness, The Self, And Personality Theory: A Critical Survey Of Theories Of Philosophical Arguments And Modern Psychological Personality Theories Essay, Research Paper
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Consciousness, the Self, and Personality Theory: A Critical Survey of Theories of
Philosophic Arguments and Modern Psychological Personality Theories.
This paper will concern itself with some chief philosophical statements
and quandary and how they correlate with modern psychological personality
theories. This study will include quandaries about the head and organic structure, the
construct of the ego, and inner and outer world. Besides, it will discourse six
personality theoreticians and their scientific and philosophical developments.
Psychology, scientific discipline, and doctrine are interconnected and rooted within
each other. In the book Metapsychology, the writer, Sam Rakover, states that
& # 8220 ; Scientific cognition grows and alterations with clip, and all three of the
subsystems of science-the philosophical, the theoretical, and the experimental-
are invariably developing & # 8221 ; ( Rakover 7 ) . These developments are systematic
procedures. Psychology must prosecute in chase of account and causality. As
good as how the head interacts with the organic structure. Gathering information, pulling
decisions and happening valid theories ; every bit good as understanding biological and
societal jobs, represent psychological science & # 8217 ; s philosophical background.
The construct of the ego is a big factor in the survey of personality as
good as doctrine. The ego, by and large talking, includes subjective
experience and witting consciousness. In the book Philosophy of Mind the writer
speaks about uneasiness, & # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; the ownership of the construct of the ego
and the ability to utilize this construct in believing about oneself & # 8221 ; ( Guttenplan, 213 ) .
This alone quality of human existences allows for the inquiry of ideas,
beliefs, desires, emotions, purposes, memories ; along with the duty
of these qualities, makes us genuinely alone. The job with this manner of thought
is that it leads to us believing we are more than our organic structures. That a
something more that merely the physical organic structure. Another job with our supposed
singularity is that we & # 8217 ; seem & # 8217 ; to hold a will, drive, and purpose. Samuel
Guttenplan continues by stating & # 8220 ; individuals are self-motivated existences with a
considerable grade of liberty over and above a stuff organic structure & # 8221 ; ( Guttenplan 214 ) .
This led Renee Descartes to contend that the lone thing he couldn & # 8217 ; t uncertainty was
his thought being, that there is a psyche a non-material portion of human existences
that couldn & # 8217 ; t be denied. Since our organic structures don & # 8217 ; Ts make determinations the ego must
hold more than a human organic structure. The pure self-importance.
David Hume had a different thought about the ego in relation to
experience. In a book of readings called Self and World, Hume is quoted as
stating & # 8220 ; The thought of the ego as an entity that owns experiences should be
replaced with the thought of the amount of those experiences themselves & # 8221 ; ( Olgilvy.
107 ) . One can non cognize about oneself without experience to demo it. He
believed that nil about the ego could be concluded without experiential
content. The individuality of a individual is consecutive perceptual experiences. The ego is non
any one feeling. He is quoted in the book of readings as stating & # 8220 ; memory does
non so much green goods as discover personal individuality, to give ground why we can
therefore widen our individuality beyond our memory & # 8221 ; ( Olgilvy 108 ) . He, nevertheless held the
Cartesian manner of believing that mental points are the objects of idea in an
interior kingdom. This position invites the interior perceiver to witness these.
Immanuel Kant, in the same book of readings expanded on Hume & # 8217 ; s thoughts,
he wanted a distinction between objectiveness and subjectiveness attempting to
prove that & # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; there are certain constructs whose application within experience
is presupposed by the really possibility of experience & # 8221 ; ( Olgilvy 144 ) . It is the
judgements that must conform to self-consciousness. There is room within
experience for the idea of experience.
John Locke & # 8217 ; s position includes a more temporal thought. The thought that & # 8220 ; the
sameness of a rational beening