Dandruff Control

April 4, 2018 General Studies

DANDRUFF [pic] INTRODUCTION Dandruff is the most common condition affecting the scalp the old cell pushed by new ones i. e renewation. In this scalp become scaly skin cell collect in clump. after brushing it come and gather on shoulder. Generally occur between age 20 -30. it affect more male compare to male. It is treatable can stopped but reoccurrence occur if treatment stopped. SYMPTOMS Dandruff produces grayish white flakes of skin . it is visible on hair and shoulder. it causes itching and soreness on scalp. it causes itching and tightness to scalp. Sebborrhoic eczema is the more severe form of dandruff.

It also affect eyes, eye brow sometimes whole face. Skin become inflamed crusty. Sometimes psoriasis occur in this inflamed red patches occur, white grayish patches cover it. CAUSES Normal brushing of hair not occur then there is accumulation of flakes and dead skin cells ,which causes inflammation and irritation to scalp. There are one organism pityrosporum ovale that is yeast fungi which lead in this disease and play major role in causing this disease. In summer may be they persist but in winter condition become worsed they get all their favourable condition for their growth.

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Dandruff can also due to nutritional deficiencies like vitamin B and lack of some fatty acid. Immunological weak person also suffers from this problem like HIV and PARKINSON’S patient. Production of antibodies which are immuno globulin molecules reacts with antigen. Some evidence suggest that lipid and protein present in the skin secrete other enzyme. The increased p. ovale increase lipase activity,during which the organism digest skin lipid and turn them in to fatty acid,causing skin inflammation and itching. P. ovale secrete some toxic substance which causes fungal infection.. DIAGONOSIS It can be diagonosed in home . ometimes causes seborrhoiec eczema If the scales is red, with silver white then it may psoriasis. TREATMENT Aim is to reduce the regeneration of scalp cell and reduce the growth of yeast P. ovale. To treat this disease anti-fungal is used to treat yeast P. ovale Today different type of shampoos and product are available in market to cure this. they are according to their content. Selenium sulphide-suppress the oil secreted by the scalp oil gland that is serum Ketoconazole-is the good group when other anti fungal fail it works Salicylic acid-this work as a scruber. t shed the dead cell or tissue . so before treatment cleaning of scalp done by this. HOMEOPATHY TREATMENT Homeopathy advice arsenicum ,sepia, sulfur,mezereum,fluoric ac ,oleander and nartrum mur. NATUROPATHY -Yogurt is use as a conditioner. helps in prevention ofdandruff. -Infusion of thyme nettle or sage with 2 spoon of vinegar also used as a dandruff controller. -Olive oil and almond oil is also use as massage for scalp -Fenugreek seeds , ritha. and amla paste. -300gm of coconut oil and 3 gm black peeper this is mixed and boiled, after that filter it and allow it cool it is applied for massage. Beaten egg with water is mixed properly its application on scalp and hair. It also prevent the growth of dandruff. -Apple juice tonic is also very good for dandruff control 1table spoon fresh apple juice mix with water and its application thrice in a week help in controlling the dandruff . -5table spoon of rosemary with pinch of borax mixed it properly and application on scalp daily also stop dandruff . DIET FOR DANDRUFF CONTROL -Meat , sugar, strong coffee, tea, sour food ,processed food ,candy, soft drink should be avoided. -Raw food , fresh vegetable ,nuts ,whole grain cereals, are good and should be preferred. PREVENTION Done by regular brushing of hair -hair washed in a week thrice times -specially medicated shampoo should used -avoiding the use of chemical such as dyes ,stains, perfume on hair -in diet enough protein and vitamin should be there such as zinc,vitamin B6,vitaminB12 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Some times oral treatment is also given its very effective sporonox,nizoral. .these are use to control bacterial growth which occur inflammation and redness of skin and create competition between growth of yeast fungi and bacteria – Dr. mrs. abhilasha Bhatt-

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