11 March 2013 1st Negative Outline Resolved: that the United States government should not pass a law requiring year round schooling for grades K through 12. I. Attention-Getter A. One of the main points my opponent is going to try and exploit is that the summer break causes students to forget most of the information they had learned the year before. Yet, a study done at the University of Auburn says that “the only measurable summer learning loss occurs in the first 2 to 3 weeks” (“Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? “).
If a student does not pick up a book or review for 2 weeks then, he is going to forget some of what he just learned. Now instead of having one review when students return back from summer break. Teachers are going to have to give 4 reviews, takin away from precious instruction time. Now I also what you to think about the last day of school, and the first day you get back every year. How much work really gets done in class. Not a lot. Now we are saying that there must be 4 “last days” and 4 “first days back”. That is already setting the teacher back one and a half more weeks.
Once again another way to counter this argument is by saying the responsibility of somewhat retaining your knowledge is in the hands of the parents and the student. We can not just sit at home all summer and think its just going to come back to us, but just because children and parents don’t take the initiative to do any academic work over the summer means we have to change the schedule of American’s on a national level? 1. There are entire businesses whose main purpose is to put on academic based summer camps such as Education Unlimited. These summer programs are put in place to help students continue to excel in the the academic field. . That is why I the negative am firmly resolved: that the United States government should not pass a law requiring year round schooling for grades K through 12. (REPEAT) II. Definition of Terms A. YRS 1. An acronym used for year round schooling. 2. NOTES III. Contentions A. My first contention is that Year Round Schooling will cost more than the normal school calendar. (REPEAT) 1. A article written by Beth Harpaz in the Huffington Post says “Year-round schools also typically cost more to run, thanks to air-conditioning, extra transportation costs and other expenses.
And it’s harder to make major repairs when classrooms are empty only for short periods. ” (Huffington Post) a. This makes sense considering the school will be in effect for more of the calendar year and will have to be maintained though out each 2-3 week break because the students will be returning so soon. In comparison to a regular school who does not necessarily need maintenance everyday during the summer vacation. The new school days in YRS will more than likely take place during the extremes of summer heat, which means that the air conditioning will be constantly running.
Along with the fact that some schools may still be on regular schedule, the transportation services (buses) will have to work extra days to have the the kids on the year round schedule picked up. 2. A picture from auburn. edu shows us that it cost all the schools in Garland and Lewisville, Texas about 6. 1 million dollars to start up and shut down the schools each summer (“Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? “. ) a. This means that if these schools were forced, by law, to proceed by the year round schooling schedule, then it’s start up costs would drastically increase to about 24. million dollars per year. B. My Second Contention is that YRS goes against tradition. (REPEAT) 1. Juggling different school schedules is one of the toughest problems parents of children in both year-round and traditional schools face. Many high schools don’t employ a year-round calendar because of sports schedules. And teens want to be able to take summer jobs. (“Pros and Cons of Year-Round Schools”) a. Sports schedules will not change just because of the change in the schooling schedule. So student athletes who participate in sports over each break will not be getting a full break.
The United States depends on the employment of students over summer break. An article from CBSnews. com says “When it comes to new jobs, 70 percent of those are coming from small businesses” and “Small businesses are often responsible for filling the summer job needs of America’s teenagers. ” (Whitaker) b. The summer jobs by students in this country push the economy with more presence than we think. 2. Over 10 million children go to summer camp each year (Fassler). a. The amount of schedules that would conflict the year round school schedule would be huge.
Camps are just a mere example of the conflicts that would interrupt everyday life. The fact that my opponents plan states that year around kindergarten is required, cause the teachers to be more baby sitters than teachers. Also, other jobs that would be directly affected by the change would not be worth the “advantages” my opponent has stated. 3. auburn. edu simply states “Economic and personal traditions of a 9-month calendar would be difficult to change” (“Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? “) a.
Overall this major change does not show any plausible reasons why the government should mandate YRS. C. (For Negative) Attacking the plan (you are anticipating this, but you will respond to what the Affirmative does- both partners should be ready for all 3) i. “My opponent said the harms were ____, but…” 1. (If my opponent states that the harms are that scores are not strong enough to stay with the system that we have) Auburn University says “Research concerned with standardized testing shows that Year-Round School has no statistically significant impact on test scores.
Studies have also shown that student and teacher “burn-out” often increase with Year-Round School. ” (“Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? “). i. “My opponent said the problem was inherent because ___, but…” b. It is tradition that the school year is on a 9-month schedule for a reason and as my partner is going to say, and as our contentions will prove, 95% of schools who changed to a year round schedule have switched back to the regular schedule (“Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? “). IV. Cross Examination (*you will think of more during the debate) A.
If you have stats to prove that academic scores go up, do you there are any other influences making these scores go up. B. Why have 95% of schools changed back to regular schedule? C. Question 3- Who are supposed to watch Kindergartners when they are on all their breaks? D. Question 4- E. Question 5- V. Rebuttal A. My first contention was that the cost increase would not be worth the change. (restated-rebuilding your stance) 1. We already have enough debt in our country paying for the existence of our school corporations. Implementing this new schedule will cause more harm than good. a.
According to the superintendent of the Salt Lake City school cooperation, it cost $128,000 more money for just the buses to work the longer calendar schedule. (Jensen) B. The regular 9 month school schedule is tradition in the United States C. When people who are trying to promote year around school say that it is an antidote or solution. This is just another way America is trying to hide the problems in our school systems which lie in the hands of the teachers and the students. Instead of trying to change the schedule, why don’t we work harder to make the teachers better and the students more aware of how important grades are?
Works Cited Fassler, David (Md). “Children and Summer Camp: Tips for Parents. ” Greater Long Island: Physiatric Society. Web. 6 March 2013. Jensen, Boyd. “Year-round schools don’t work, so districts should abandon the idea. ” Desert News. 30 January 2011. Web. 12 March 2013. “Pros and Cons of Year-Round Schools. ” Scholastic: Parent and Child Magazine. Web. 12 March 2013. “Traditional Calendar or Year-Round School? ” auburn. edu. Web. 8 March 2013. Whitaker, Bill. “Summer job bummer: Teen unemployment 24 percent. ” CBS News. 4 June 2011. Web. 6 March 2013.