Definition Argument on crash diets

May 30, 2018 Biology

Crash Diets have thrown out many mixed signals to people who want to lose weight expeditiously. These types of diets consist of eating less than 1,200 calories a day, which limits the amount of nutrients and minerals that the body needs. A lot of Celebrities use these diets in order to lose weight quickly for a big event. Many crash diets allow someone to lose weight rapidly, but calorie deprivation will cause many health issues such as metabolic damage, abnormal labs, and can lead to binge eating disorders. Juice Fast Crash Diet, The Master Cleanse Diet, Cabbage Soup Diet, and The Grapefruit diet are all examples of popular fad diets.

The Juice Fast Crash Diet consists of only consuming vegetables and fruit juice for up to 60 days. The Master Cleanse is a popular two week fasting diet that Celebrity Beyonce Knowles claims to have lost 20lbs on. The Master Cleanse is simply mixing fresh lemon juice, maple syrup, and cayenne pepper with water 6-12 times a day, or whenever the feeling of hunger arises. The Cabbage Soup Diet basically says the dieter can consume all the cabbage they want, but only cabbage. The Grapefruit Diet involves eating at least one grapefruit a day, conjoined with 800 calorie consumption.

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Celebrities have a vast influence on almost all of society. The celebs that go on these crash diets are what make the diets themselves popular. One of the most insane crash diets is the Tapeworm diet. In other words, people intentionally swallow a deadly parasite, that develops into a worm and can grow up to 20-30′ ft. This worm grows by attaching inside of the intestines and eating half of the food that person consumes. In return, the person will lose weight. The tapeworm diet is illegal in America, so there are no statistics on it, but people who do anything to lose weight go through extreme measures to purchase these tapeworms.

Tapeworms can be sold on the internet up to $3,000. 00 each! The people who decide to go on this “diet” are blind to the frightening effects it could lead to. Having a tapeworm can be life-threatening. Symptoms of having a tapeworm are nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, headache, fever, insomnia, loss of appetite, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, neurological damage, and stunted growth. If a tapeworm lays eggs, those baby worms will most likely enter the bloodstream and migrate to other areas of the body. This can cause problems in the heart, brain, spinal cord, nervous system, and blood vessels.

If this tapeworm goes untreated, the result can be death. Still, there are extreme dieters who still consider this a “natural” way to lose weight. Although the pounds shed quickly from a crash diet, metabolic damage arises and harms the immune system. Many people are unaware of the negative effects these diets have on our bodies; with a suppressed immune system, major health issues develop, and white blood cell count increases to fight off infections. In the Article Malnutrition of the 21st Century, the Author Wanda Furmaga-Jablonska M.

Kidney damage, and diabetes in later life [1, 2]. [… ] the first clinical consequences of malnutrition are bone marrow changes manifested as anemia and leukopenia [8], which are associated with modification of the immune system and predispose individuals to increased susceptibility to infections [1] (Abstract: Nutrition 242-243). During a crash diet, the body cannot differentiate between severe caloric restrictions vs.

starvation, so it responds by protecting itself. When the body is undergoing this defense mechanism, the metabolic rate slows down, which also slows down any further weight loss and creates more health issues along the way. This could not only inhibit weight loss, but rather influence weight gain and illness. When the body undergoes stress, this changes the functions of it immediately, which can result in abnormal labs. Cortisol, a hormone the body secretes, is released when it responds to any kind of stress.

If there are high cortisol levels for a prolonged period of time, it increases blood sugar levels and suppresses the immune system. Anything such as sleep deprivation, severe caloric restriction, and physical exercise for a prolonged period of time can make cortisol levels increase. In the Article Psychological Stress and the Cutaneous Immune Response: Roles of the HPA Axis and the Sympathetic Nervous System in Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis, Jessica M. F. Hall, Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, University of North Texas Health Science Center states: Psychological

stress, an evolutionary adaptation to the fight-or-flight response, triggers a number of physiological responses that can be deleterious under some circumstances. Stress signals activate the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system. Elements derived from those systems (e. g. , cortisol, catecholamine and neuropeptides) can impact the immune system and possible disease states (Dermatology Research ; Practice 1-11). When the immune system is weakened and the body is malnourished from crash dieting, the body becomes more susceptible to infectious attacks.

Usually after the symptoms of crash dieting occur (dizziness, light-headed, dehydration), the feeling of hunger emerges, causing the person to overeat and binge. Binge eating disorders are disorders when a person inhales large amounts of food in a short period of time. These disorders typically settle in after someone goes on a strict diet. In the Wall Street Journal, How Not to Eat like a Power Broker: Time-Pressed Dieters Try to Alter Habits author Melinda Beck discusses how diet and behavior correlate with eating disorders.

For people who normally skip breakfast, Melinda quotes: Besides being too busy to eat enough early in the day, victims of Wall Street Eating Syndrome inadvertently set themselves up for binge eating once they do start snacking in the late afternoon, Dr. [Stephen Gullo] writes in his book, The Thin Commandments. “If you go without food for more than three or four hours, and then eat simple carbohydrates such as cookies or pretzels, you spark a sudden rise in a natural body protein called neuropeptide.

It’s like putting ““A match to gasoline,”” he explains. “Instead of being satisfied, your appetite has actually been turbocharged, and instead of eating just one cookie, you end up eating the whole bag,” (Eastern Edition D. 1). To elaborate, people who deprive themselves of calories when they are most needed will trigger food cravings later, therefor resulting in overeating. So what’s the solution? Crash dieting obviously isn’t an option to lose weight healthily. Many experts say that a well-balanced diet and exercise will give the best results.

That means stop stressing over food that is hard to resist. A ‘balanced diet’ means portion control. Having a cookie is fine; just don’t eat the whole box. Take advantage of the sources of nutritional foods that are out there. It’s ironic that millions of Americans starve themselves for a few pounds when there are people around the world who go to bed and wake up hungry every day. Crash diets work as far as losing weight, but one should reevaluate the permanent and damaging consequences before performing one of these diets.

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