Demographic and Environmental Timeline. Demographic transition is the process by which a nation/country moves from high birth rate and high death rates to low birth and low death rates as the growth population in the interim (Weeks, 2005). Germany’s recovery from the devastation of World War II is often called an “economic miracle” because its economy is now Europe’s largest. Immigration has been an important part of the country’s modern demographic history. Germany is one the industrialized states that have undergone singular demographic and environmental passage, from phase one to present five. Demographic passage refers to the procedure through which a state changes from a less industrialized society, with high birth and decrease rates, to an industrialized society and decrease rates (Ewert, 2006).
The following is the demographic and environmental timeline of Germany between 1800 to present day.
Stage 1 mid 1950’s – 1960’s Major Historical Changes: The country was in economic recovery after the Second World War. Changing Population Size: Rapidly growing (Baby Boom) high growth rates and full employment. Deprived of a regular supply of workers by the construction of the Berlin Wall, the Federal Republic in the 1960s absorbed yet another wave of migrants (U.S. Library of Congress, Historical Background). Birth and Death Rates: In 1964, births exceeded deaths by 486,985, the highest postwar surplus. Environmental Impact: Forced labor, reduced farm production and increased factory pollution.
Stage 2 1970’s Major Historical Changes: Women equality. Changing Population Size: The fertility rate dropped below levels to sustain a population in the future. Birth and Death Rates: In 1972 deaths exceeded births by 64,032. Environmental Impact: High demand for petroleum products due to Urbanization.
Stage 3 1980’s – 1990’s Major Historical Changes: Inflation and unemployment increased. Changing Population Size: Population numbers continued to fall from 2.1 children per woman to 1.7. Birth and Death Rates: leveled out but still significantly lower than other countries. Environmental Impact: Higher demand for natural resources due to East and West Germany uniting economically.
Stage 4 2000 – Present Day Major Historical Changes: Money for fertility. Changing Population: Numbers are steady but low. Birth and Death Rates: Low to very low birth rate, very low death rate. Germany is a dramatic example of the fourth phase of demographic transition: Countries with low or very low birth and death rates represent almost half, or 46 percent, of the world’s population. Environmental Impact: The use of raw material to produce nuclear weapons are doubling causing major air pollution.
Stage 5 Stage five of demographic occurred in Germany in the old ages between 2010 and the present twenty-four hours. The position of the adult females has eventually been established where an estimated 95 % of Germany adult females are employed outside the place. Germany is presently economically stable thanks to globalization, and industrialization that has seen its market’s and concern to foreign states. Germany population has late been on the addition as more and more persons are migrating to the state for concern or lasting residence. There are presently low birth rate in Germany. The low birth rates can be attributed to the freedom adult females have in this twenty four hours age, on where can take non to bear kids but alternatively concentrate more on their hobbies and callings. The mean household now has one to two kids. Remarkably the impact of net migration to Germany, combined with the generational lag time associated with demographic momentum, has kept total population from declining. Well, for starters much of Germany’s decline in birth rate can be attributed to its strong economy, respect for gender equality and the status of women, as well as ease of access to contraceptives. Individually each of these factors has weight in limiting family size and delaying child bearing, but simultaneously their combined impact is significant and possibly why the birth rate has been below the death rate since 1972. Efforts are been made to minimize the impact of pollution in the air caused by conventional autos (
By Drew Grover | October 18, 2014
Environmental impact of this transition: The Industrial Revolution in Germany did not begin until the 1800, well over a century after the change of events in England. A rail system for Germany developed rapidly under the promotion of the German state governments. The rail system increased the demand for steel and coal. The coalfields in the Ruhr Valley were fully developed and made Germany into the foremost coal producer in Europe. A steel industry also developed and the stimulus of the coal and steel development expanded the banking and capital markets available to Germany. This helped other industries such as the chemical and electrical industries develop in the of the nineteenth century. The German chemical industry became the most advanced in the world. The creation of power machines and factories provided many new job opportunities. The new machinery increased production speed of good and gave people the ability to transport raw materials. Industrialization also lead to urbanization. Urbanization is the movement of people into cities and city building. The Western World went from rural and agricultural to urban industrial.
According to “Jacob, Margaret C. “Industrial Revolution.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2010 Ed.Print”…Despite its many positive effects, industrialization had a negative impact on Europe too. Urban areas doubled, tripled, or quadrupled in size which led to overcrowding in cities. Sometimes a large population is a good thing, but in this case the population was too big and caused many health problems.
There were many effects of industrialization. Many new inventions were created or improved. The working and living conditions for the working class was affected by industrialization. Also, better ways of transportation were formed so trading became easier and more efficient. More jobs were available and
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