After an hurt or a surgery the chief portion of the population follows a rehabilitation-process. Such a procedure will be composed in an acute infirmary stage ( 1-2 hebdomads ) , a rehab in-client ( 2-4 hebdomads ) or a rehab out-client stage ( 20-25 units ) and an after-care group ( whole patients life ) .
Rehabilitation is a Restoration or indispensable betterment of the operation of a patient. The purpose during this procedure is to take the patient to a sooner holistic operation in the society.
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Since old ages a batch of people know that physical activity is an of import portion of the rehabilitation. Compared to physical activity, stretching-methods during this rehab-process is a rather new subject for most of the people. But what is flexibleness precisely? What sort of stretching-methods do be? And if we have a choose between different types of stretching.. Which stretching-method is the best in therapy? In this essay I will reply the above inquiries.
Flexibility is the ability to execute a motion with the maximum possible amplitude in that motion. Flexibility is a joint-specific belongings. Hereby flexibleness has a direct relationship with mobilization. When person has a high mobilization, the individual has a good flexibleness every bit good. The same does use for these factors in the opposite way. A adult male or a adult female with the ability to execute a high amplitude in a motion has a high mobilization besides.
Mobilisation i?Yi? Flexibility
Advantages of flexibleness
But why should we make flexibleness preparation? What are the advantages to hold the ability to execute a high amplitude in different motions? The different purposes of flexibleness preparation are to better the flexibleness, to counter a incorrect position and stature, to better relaxation and relaxation of the musculuss and to increase the blood circulation and the metabolic activity. Flexibility developing offers besides a counter-pressure to the aging-process.
Some sorts of flexibleness preparation can besides develop a prolongation in some organic structure constructions. The average ground for this is particularly a alteration in the actin-myosin construction. Flexibility preparation decreases the overlapping between those two constructions.
‘Limit-factors ‘ of flexibleness
But everybody knows, non every individual is in nature flexible in the same manner. The flexibleness of a individual depends of class on the accomplishments of a individual but is besides related to non-resident factors. Examples of external factors can be the clip of the twenty-four hours, the temperature and the prepare stage, like the warming-up. We can do a distinguish in four different factors who can act upon or can restrict the flexibleness. These factors are reported on the following page.
Mechanical working – like the musculus construction, sinew
Environmental factors – e.g. a warming-up
Intermuscular influences – for illustration the tegument
See the above mentioned factors, flexibleness preparation can act upon most of those factors.
To make the different advantages and to antagonize the limited factors of flexibleness preparation, there exist two assorted sorts of stretching-methods. Flexibility preparation can in chief lines be separated by active and inactive stretching.
1. Active stretching is a signifier of stretching who becomes achieved by the ain 1s attempt of the musculus. It ‘s a voluntary type of stretching whereby non an external power is used.
2. Passive stretching is the manner of stretching where the individual uses external powers. Most of the times the maximum possible amplitude what people reach during a motion is in this type of stretching higher compared with active stretching.
Both signifiers of stretching can be divided in a inactive and a dynamic signifier. The inactive manner is characterized by permanent/continue stretching. Compared to the inactive manner of stretching, ballistic and rhythmic belongingss are overriding during dynamic stretching.
Besides active and inactive stretching there exist some other particular sorts of stretching every bit good. An illustration of a particular signifier of flexibleness preparation is post-isometric stretching. The purpose of this type is to make stretching exercisings after an isometric contraction. The point is that research has shown that isometric preparation causes a decrease in the opposition against stretching. When people will make flexibleness preparation after an isometric contraction, they will make a higher maximum amplitude in the sing organic structure parts compared to none isometric contraction.
Disadvantages/advantages – active and inactive stretching
Why should you make active stretching and non inactive stretching? Or why the antonym? Both types of stretching have their ain advantages and disadvantages.
One of the advantages of active stretching is a take topographic point of adversary stretching. Besides people get an experience with ‘muscle-feeling ‘ and they improve, with this sort of stretching, the blood-circulation in their organic structure.
A disadvantage of this sort of stretching is when person do it in a incorrect manner, he or she can damage some organic structure constructions.
Passive stretching is in general likely the best manner of stretching. During this sort of stretching there will look more loosening and relaxing of the musculus compared to active stretching. Because of this sort of stretching besides the tonus in the musculus will diminish and in some signifiers there will be be a stretching of the agonist.
A counter indicant for inactive stretching is the trouble to set up the maximum amplitude. The fact is that the individual will experience pain when he or she has damaged some constructions already. Another disadvantage is that there is no stretching in the adversary.
Stretching-methods in therapy
Sing to above types of preparation, hopefully it ‘s clear that every sort of stretching-method is different and brings his ain advantages and disadvantages. Before the specializer can do a pick for the stretching-method during therapy, he has to look to his patient. The pick of the specializer for a specific patient should be personal and conformed to the damages of the patient. Besides the stretching-method has to suit with the purposes of the patients. Every sort of stretching has his ain belongingss and does non work good by every patient. That is the ground why the specializer has to do the therapy personal.
Because of the fact that every method should be personal, there is no direct reply for the good stretching-method in therapy. It depends wholly on the clients hurt, damage and his or her purposes.
For every sort of disease there are different purposes, to acquire with flexibleness preparation, more of import than other purposes. For illustration when a patient has a spine disease a good position is of import. For a patient with scoliosis it is good to rede a strengthening of the cortex side and a stretching of the concave side.
Another illustration is a patient who particularly wants to better his flexibleness. One of the ways to acquire this betterment is to make the stretching forms active-static and/or passive-dynamic. With these types of stretching the patient will accomplish an betterment of his flexibleness, will acquire a good position and stature, will better relaxation and relaxation of the musculuss and will increase the blood circulation and the metabolic activity in his organic structure.
Flexibility is the ability to execute a motion with the maximum possible amplitude in that motion. There are different purposes that people can make by flexibleness preparation. In chief lines flexibleness preparation can be separated in active and inactive stretching. Both of them can be godly farther in a inactive and a dynamic signifier. Every sort of stretching-method is different and brings his ain advantages and disadvantages. Because of the fact that every method should be personal, there is no direct reply for the good stretching-method in therapy. It depends wholly on the clients hurt, damage and his or her purposes.