E-Learning Recommender System for Teachers using Opinion Mining

By August 6, 2017 Education

E-Learning Recommender System for Teachers utilizing Opinion Mining

Abstraction:In recent few old ages e-learning has evolved as one of the better option of the schoolroom attack. E-learning has crossed the geographical boundaries and now it is in the range of every scholar who is utilizing cyberspace. But simply presence of the e-learning web sites does non do certain that all the content is really effectual for the scholars. Generally for larning any topic the scholar has to track many web sites for assorted subjects because no individual web site provide all the best content about the topic at a individual topographic point. So we have to analyse the learner’s reappraisals about the web site capable content in order to present all the best content at a individual topographic point. In this paper we proposed a new e-learning recommender system named as Angstrom3. It analyzes the learner’s sentiments about the topic contents and recommends the instructors, who have uploaded the tutorial on to the web site to alter the peculiar part of the topic subject which is hard to understand by the scholars utilizing sentiment excavation, non the complete subject. By this system after some clip all the best content about the topic will be available at the individual topographic point.

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Keywords:Opinion excavation. Recommender System. User reviews. Feature Extraction.

  1. Introduction

With the fast enlargement of cyberspace and other related engineerings, e-learning has besides become really popular among pupils and other scholars. The chief end of the e-learning system is to supply cognition to the pupil and other scholars in a more better and effectual manner. The mental aptitude of every human being is non same, some of them are above norm, bulk of them are mean and some of them are below mean. So it is necessary to take learner’s sentiment about the topic content in order to do it more limpid for bulk of the people. Learners’ reappraisals will incorporate the information about the topic subject relevancy. In this paper our recommender system ( A3) will roll up the scholars ‘opinions about the peculiar subject of a topic. With the aid of the scholars sentiments utilizing sentiment excavation and characteristic extraction A3will happen out the peculiar part of the subject which is hard to understand by the bulk of the scholars inside a complete tutorial. AfterwardA3will urge instructors to replace merely that part ( harder ) of the subject, with the new one and wait for the learner’s sentiment about the new alteration part of the subject. After some rhythms of Angstrom3the e-learning web site will hold the best e-material of the peculiar subject on which it is applied. Now that subject can be easy understood by the bulk of the scholars.

This paper is organized as follows. Section 2 discusses e-learning, Section 3 gives an debut of the sentiment excavation, Section 4 gives an overview of characteristic extraction, subdivision 5 gives item working of our e-learning recommender system ( A3) . Section 6 gives execution and the decision is presented in Section 7.

  1. E-Learning

In the sixtiess, Stanford University psychological science professors Patrick Suppes and Richard c. Atkinson introduced e-learning with utilizing computing machines to learn mathematics and reading to immature kids in simple schools [ 1 ] . With the enlargement of the IT related services e-learning has reached to about every portion of the Earth. One of the greatest advantage of e-learning is that any of the scholar can analyze from anyplace and at anytime. E-learning provides synergistic, user-friendly, and prompt platform for the scholar [ 2 ] .e-learning utilizations text, images, life, sound etc to learn scholars [ 3 ] . e-learning is besides going really utile for people with physical disablements [ 4 ] .

For the success of any e-learning system, it has to carry through few conditions such as flexibleness, which allows the system to alter itself harmonizing to the demands of every user ( scholar and coach ) [ 5 ] , easiness of usage and interactivity [ 6 ] .

  1. Opinion Mining

Opinion excavation comes under the information excavation. It analyses single sentiments such as orientations of the sentiments [ 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 ] . Our recommender system, A3analyses the single reappraisals of scholar about the subjects of a topic. It uses characteristic based sentiment excavation which focuses on sentence degree to detect learner’s sentiment about assorted subjects of a topic. The chief cause of utilizing characteristic based sentiment excavation is to happen out characteristics of a subject and sentiment words which express sentiments and so happen out the mutual opposition of each sentiment word i.e. positive or negative [ 12 ] .

  1. Feature Extraction

Subject characteristics are normally nouns or noun phrases in reappraisal sentences and sentiment words are adjectives. A3utilizations Stanford part-of-speech tagger, which parses each reappraisal and produces part-of-speech ticket for each word i.e. noun, verb, adjectival etc. Each reappraisal sentence is stored in the database along with the part-of-speech tagging information. By this manner A3extracts the characteristic of the scholar reviews about the subject.

For illustration, if our tutorial is of Data Structure and subject is Link List so feature extraction procedure will happen out characteristics that are good or bad in this e-learning tutorial. Features in instance of Link List tutorial are account of subject, algorithmic portion, programming portion etc. For illustration user has given the reappraisal after reading the tutorial of link list is:

Algorithm is difficult to understand.

Example 1.

This sentence will go through through the Stanford part-of-speech tagger. Tagger will label each word in the sentence, consequence is shown in the figure 1, when tagger is applied to illustration 1.

End product


Loading default belongingss from trained tagger taggers/left3words-wsj-0-18.tagger

Reading POS tagger theoretical account from taggers/left3words-wsj-0-18.tagger… done [ 0.6 sec ] .

Input signal:Algorithm is difficult to understand.

End product of one 1:Algorithm/NNP is/VBZ hard/JJ to/TO understand/VB./ .

BUILD SUCCESSFUL ( entire clip: 1 second )

Figure 1.End product of Stanford part-of-speech tagger.

Stanford part-of-speech tagger uses the criterion ticket from the University of Pennsylvania ( Penn ) Treebank Tag-set. It is given in table 1.

Table 1.Penn. Treebank Tag-set






coordinating, concurrence


genitive, pronoun


numerical, Cardinal






adverb, comparative


existential there


adverb, greatest


foreign word




preposition or concurrence, subordinating




adjectival or numerical, ordinal


“to” as readying or infinitive marker


adjectival, Comparative




adjectival, greatest


verb, base signifier


list point marker


verb, past tense


modal subsidiary


verb, gerund or present participial


noun, common, remarkable or mass


verb, past participial


noun, plural, common


verb, non 3rd individual remarkable, Present tense


proper, noun, remarkable


verb, 3rd individual remarkable, present singular


Proper, noun, plural








possessive marker

WP $

Possessive, WH-pronoun


personal, pronoun



It is clear from the figure 1 that in the sentence given in illustration 1 characteristic is ‘Algorithm’ and adjectival is ‘hard’ .

  1. Working of A3Recommender System

Any of the e-learning web site that is utilizing our recommender system ( A3) must hold the proviso to take scholars reexamine about the tutorial uploaded by the instructor. Generally any of the subject tutorial is divided in many of the subtopics. So it is really obvious that some of subtopics are written so good that any of the scholar can understand it really easy but few of the subtopics are harder or non to understood by many of the scholars. For e-learning web site that is designed to be used by 1000s of scholars, the web site will acquire tremendous sum of reappraisals for a peculiar subject. So it becomes really tough for the topic instructor, who have uploaded the larning stuff on to the web site to read each and every reappraisal and do alterations consequently in to the topic subject content so that it becomes more limpid for the scholars. A3will urge instructors those subtopics that needs betterment in tutorial, so that it becomes easy for the scholars to understand. A3will work as follows:

  1. A3will roll up all the reappraisals about each and every tutorial in the COLLECTOR. It shops the reappraisals in the database subject wise.
  1. Stored reappraisals are sent to the CLASSIFIER. Classifier will sort each reappraisal in to any of the three classs. i.e. positive, negative or impersonal utilizing SentiWordNet.
  1. For every subject there is NEGATIVE block, it will roll up all the negative classified reappraisals of the subject along with the day of the month timestamp.
  1. When the figure of reappraisals of any subject will go greater than 10 so COMPARATOR block count the figure of entire reappraisals of subject ( TR ) and entire figure of negative reappraisals ( NR ) of any subject from the NEGATIVE block. Now TR is divided by the NR, if the consequence is in between 1.0 and 2.0. i.e. 1.0 ? consequence ? 2.0, so all the negative reappraisals are made available to the TOPIC EXTRACTOR block. If the value of the consequence is greater than 2.0 ( consequence & gt ; 2.0 ) than it is assume that tutorial is good and does non necessitate any type of alteration for scholars.
  1. FEATURE EXTRACTOR block will pull out the characteristics from the negative reappraisals utilizing Stanford part-of-speech tagger, shops characteristics in the database and made it available to the RECOMMENDER block. These characteristics are really subtopics that are harder to understand by the scholars.
  1. Now RECOMMENDER block of Angstrom3will bring forth recommendations to the instructor who have uploaded the tutorial. Recommendation will incorporate the name of all the subtopics that needs betterment from the learner’s point of position.
  1. Now teacher will once more upload merely the recommended subtopics with better illustration. Again new rhythm of Angstrom3will get down. Recommendation rhythm will end based on the consequence of the COMPARATOR block.

The Angstrom3recommendation system is represented by block diagram in the Figure 1.

Figure 2.Block diagram of Angstrom3recommendation system

  1. Practical Execution

The instructor will upload the tutorial subject in the e-learning web site that is utilizing A3recommender system. The uploaded acquisition stuff is seeable on to website web page. Learners will compose their reappraisals about the tutorial in the same web page as shown in Figure 2.

Linked List

Linked list Theory

It is the aggregation of informations that are connected.

Linked lists are a manner to hive away informations with constructions so that

the coder can automatically make a new topographic point to hive away

informations whenever necessary.


Step1: struct node /*Create a node */


int informations ;

struct node *next ;

} ;

Step2: struct node *p ;

Step3: p= ( struct node * ) malloc ( sizeof ( struct node ) ) ;

Step4: ( *p ) .data=sssssss ;

( *p ) .next=null ;

Step5: usage this node in plan.

Your Reappraisal:


1.The algorithm is non cleared.

2.It is nice tutorial.

3.The algorithm is absurd.

4.The algorithm is given without clear stairss.

5.Theory is clear.

Figure 2.Web page of e-learning web site.

A3will hive away information about all the instructors that are uploading larning stuff on to the e-learning web site inteacher information tabular arrayshown in table 2.

Table 2.Teacher Information tabular array.

Field Name



Teacher alone Idaho


Capable Teacher Dealing with

Electronic mail

Electronic mail

Table 3. contains information about all the subjects of the topic, knownas Subject Topic tabular array.

Table 3.Capable Topic tabular array.

Field Name



Capable alone Id


Topic alone Id

Table 4. shops the tutorial of every subject of a topic, known asTutorial tabular array.

Table 4.Tutorial tabular array.

Field Name



Topic alone Id


Content of Topic


Date of creative activity of content / content alteration

Table 5, shops all reappraisals of a subject and its categorization done by the CLASSIFIER, known asReview tabular array.

Table 5.Review tabular array.

Field Name



Topic alone Id


Review alone Id


Content of every reappraisal

Reappraisal day of the month

Reappraisal Date


Positive / Negative / Neutral

Feature Extractortabular array, shown in table 6, contains subtopics of all the negative classified reappraisals

Table 6.Feature Extractor tabular array.

Field Name



Topic alone Id


Name of subtopic that needs betterment

Recommendertabular array, shown in table 7, is used to bring forth recommendations to the instructor.

Table 7.Recommender tabular array

Field Name



Topic alone Id


Name of subtopic that needs betterment


Teacher alone Idaho


Date of Recommendation Generation


Excess information related to recommendation

By utilizing table 2 to postpone 7, A3recommender system will bring forth recommendations to the instructor about the subjects uploaded by him on the e-learning web site.

  1. Decision

A3recommender system analyses the job faced by the scholars utilizing sentiment excavation in understanding the subject. A3finds out the peculiar part of the subject i.e. subtopic where the scholar is confronting job. Then after it finds out concern instructor who is covering with the subject and generate recommendations for him. Recommendation really contains the name of the subtopics that needs better account for scholars.


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