Economic Man Vs Islamic Man
Modem economic sciences presents a construct of economic adult male on the other manus Islam gives the thought of an Islamic adult male. The former is based on a mercenary attack in which the basic aim of life remains merely to acquire maximal satisfaction and maximal net income or any other signifier of public-service corporation. Man lives merely for these objective, which is wholly less human degree. On the other manus latter is based on believe of Allah and high moral values and show a much better manner of life as comparison to the former.
The term economic adult male was foremost used by Joseph Pseky1. Although it is a new construct in economic sciences, but it is frequently associated with thoughts of eighteenth century minds like Adam Smith and David Recordo etc. No uncertainty this construct in the natural signifier can easy be found in the Hagiographas of these minds, for illustration in the undermentioned citation of Adam Smith, contemplation of this modern construct can easy be found. He writes “It is non from the benevolence of the meatman, the beer maker, or the baker that we expect our dinner but from their respect to their ain interest”2. It means that in a more or less form it was exist, but late it has taken a concrete signifier. This construct was developing to demo the rational behaviour of single determination doing units i.e. a consumer, a house and an industry. On the same line the construct of an Islamic adult male can besides be drawn from the instructions of Islam. At many topographic points in Qur’an and Hadith features of momineen are given, with the aid of these qualities a construct of Islamic adult male can be derived. The basic aim of this paper is to analyse and compare these two constructs. For this intent foremost the features of an economic and Islamic adult male are discussed and so a comparing is made between these two.
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2. An Economics Man
The construct of economic adult male is one of the basic impressions of modern economic sciences. It is assumed that each person in a capitalistic society, whether he / she are a consumer, investor, worker or man of affairs is motivated by economic forces, hence will ever move to obtain the maximal satisfaction for the least forfeit or cost. This maximal satisfaction take different signifiers e.g. it may be maximal net income for a man of affairs, leisure hours for a worker and maximal public-service corporation from the ingestion of goods for a consumer etc.
A consumer, a house and an industry are the basic single determination doing units in a capitalist economic system. Under this construct it is assumed that behaviour of these units will be rational. Rational behaviour means that, each of this unit wants to maximise his advantage. In the other words, when a consumer decides to buy something he / she will pass all available resources in such a manner that he / she will acquire maximal satisfaction from these points. If he / she dose the same so their behaviour will be rational, and consumer will said to be in equilibrium place. In the other words accomplishment of maximal satisfaction is the primary end of a consumer or economic adult male. In the same manner when a house decides to bring forth something in response of demand from consumers, so chief aim of the house will be to acquire maximal net income. For this purpose house will do all attempts to maximise the difference between cost and merchandising monetary value, so that she can acquire maximal net income. It will be rational behaviour of house / adult male. The same state of affairs is with industry, which is the corporate name of all houses. In the same line a worker wants to maximise his / her leisure and so on.
In this whole procedure there is no construct of God or moral values or the Day of Judgment or benefits of the others. The whole narrative is merely based on me and my involvement merely, and no room is left for any moral values. Due to this state of affairs an economic adult male is selfaa‚¬ ” centered and self interested personality and ne’er thinks beyond his ego interest3. The attack of economic adult male is wholly mercenary and he / she is ever busy in computation of his / her net income / loss in pecuniary footings. To acquire maximal advantage of this secular life, becomes his / her ultimate purpose and do non hold any construct of life after this life. This type of believing of course restricted his / her life merely for today and there is no construct of long term benefits.
3. An Muslim Man
The features of an Islamic adult male can be derived from the qualities of momineen given in Qur’an and Hadith. At least in Qur’an more so 60 qualities are given in this respect. The term amale – saleha is used for those activities which are required by Qur’an and Hadith from momineen. An amle – saleh is any activity which consequences on the benefits of others or it creates equilibrium in the society or consequences on riddance of disequilibrium ( Fasad ) in the society. Since the limited range of a paper can non considerate the narrative of all these features, therefore merely the chief qualities of momineen are discussed in following lines.
3.1 Iman ( Believe )
The first and the most of import demand of Islam from momineen is that, they should hold believe on Allah, His books, His Prophetss, angles and the Day of Judgment.
It is non the righteousness that ye turn your faces to the E and the West ; but the righteous is he who believeth in Allah and the Last Day and the angles and the Bible and the Prophetss. ( 2:1 77 )
This believes create a important alteration in his behaviour and character, and changed the whole construct of life, and expands the range of life. Man with iman lives with high moral values. Concept of life afterlife and answerability keeps him off from all bad activities. The activities which are harmful non for the society but besides for that individual who performs them.
3.2 Consent of Allah
Harmonizing to Qur’an, the basic aim of the life of momineen is to acquire the consent of Allah.
Thou ( 0 Muhammad ) seest them bowing and falling prostrate ( in worship ) , seeking premium from Allah and ( His ) credence. ( 48:29 )
For this intent they follow all the orders of Qur’an and Hadith.
3.3 Fear of the Day of Judgment
Another quality of momineen counted in Qur’an and Hadith is that, momineen maintain difficult believe on the Day of Judgment and answerability of that Day. This construct put them farther off from each and every type of dictatorship.
3.4 Populating for the Others
Harmonizing to Qur’an momineen live for the others. They are ever ready to give their current benefits for the improvement of others. Even they are personally destitute people but in this status besides they sacrifice for the others.
And happen in their chests no demand for that which hath been given them but prefer ( the refugees ) above themselves though poorness become their batch. ( 59:9 )
3.5 No Concept of Reward
Qur’an said, the momineen ne’er have any desire of wages or thanks, they all do it merely for the consent of Allah.
( Stating ) we feed you for the interest of Allah merely. We wish for no wages nor thanks from you ( 76:9, )
No mercenary wages is required by them.
3.5 Prohibition of Riba ( Interest )
Since riba ( Interest ) is purely prohibited by Qur’an & A ; Hadith and momineen wholly avoid the same, and do non affect in any such type of activity.
3.6 Infaq ( Donation )
One of the most of import quality of momineen is that, they donate all of their income in the manner of Allah which is beyond their demands.
And they ask thee what they ought to pass say: that which is beyond your demand. ( 2:219 )
3.7 Concept of Halal & A ; Haram
Qur’an & A ; Hadith have restricted momineen from peculiar type of activities which are termed as haram. Momineen purely avoid themselves from these actions.
3.8 Care of Poor People of Society
In conformity with the orders of Qur’an & A ; Hadith momineen take attention of hapless people of society.
And provender with nutrient the needy wretch the orphan and the captive, for consent of Allah. ( 76:8 ) .
These are merely a few features of momineen described in Qur’an and Hadith which are specially mentioned because these are the base of comparing between these two constructs.
4. Comparison Between Economic Man & A ; Islamic Man
In the visible radiation of above treatment it can be said that there is a broad difference between these two constructs. The chief points in this respect are as follows.
4.1 Limited & A ; Wide Concept
The construct of economic adult male is rather limited, which restricts the adult male merely up-to this mercenary universe, whereas an Islamic adult male has a rather broad skyline. He does non see the life merely for this universe but afterlife besides, which will be a existent and long permanent life.
4.2 Animal & A ; Human Level
Economic adult male construct presents a merely carnal degree of life, which is restricted to maximal satisfaction, net income or leisure etc. , without any moral values. On the other manus Islamic adult male is a better construct which is based on high moral values and represents a human degree of life.
4.3 Selfish and Deluxe Way of Life
Self benefit is the bound of economic adult male thought, he can non travel beyond this boundary. On the other manus the aim of life of an Islamic adult male is to function the others for the consent of Allah.
4.4 An Open & A ; Restrict Way of Life
The economic adult male is wholly free to make anything under the regulations of province. No other bindings can be imposed on him. But an Islamic adult male is under the Devine regulations every bit good as the ordinances of province.
4.5 Preference of Today or Tomorrow
The former adult male merely believes on benefits of today and he is non ready to give his today for tomorrow. On the contrast Islamic adult male is ever prefer the advantages of tomorrow by giving up the benefits of today. This is the ground that, a Muslim can easy give his life in Jehad ( Fight in the manner of Allah ) whereas it is rather hard for a Non-Muslim.
On the footing of above treatment it can be said that, the construct of Islamic adult male is much more superior so economic adult male. The latter is merely a mercenary attack and wholly barefoot from moral values. Negation of moral values put the human being on merely carnal degree. This is the ground that, an economic adult male lives on carnal degree and merely alive to acquire maximal satisfaction or net income or other advantages. No uncertainty he gets all these things in this universe but in the life afterlife his portion will be nil.
On the other manus an Islamic adult male lives with the believe on Allah and high moral values. He lives on human degree, he besides gets the advantages of this life but with that, he will be in a much better place in the 2nd life.