Edward Reighn 1042-1053 Essay

September 7, 2017 Construction

How efficaciously did Edward trade with the jobs he faced during the first portion of his reign. 1042-1053? When Edward came into power in 1042. England was in a hapless province financially and besides because of menaces of an invasion and this made the first few old ages of his regulation hard. Edward was faced with many jobs which he had to get the better of. These jobs involved ; powerful Earls. ( particularly the Godwine’s ) . the foreign policy and the domestic policy. Edward both failed and succeeded in these jobs due to a figure of factors. These include a deficiency of cognition about his land and some may reason that he was naive in his determinations. With some rating. we will be able to judge if Edward was a successful King or non. One of the jobs Edward faced was because of the weak place he was in: He had been in expatriate for 25 old ages in Normandy ; hence he had no cognition of the English political relations and construction of the state.

He besides had no strong political Alliess such as Earls and Thegns to help him with governing the state efficaciously and to everyone’s best involvements. One of his biggest challengers was Earl Godwine ; Godwine was a politically powerful character at this clip. Before Edward became King. he had allied himself to King Cnut and married Gytha who was a relation of Cnut. From 1040 onwards. he was the 2nd richest adult male in the state after the male monarch so hence. he was in a really powerful place compared to King Edward as he had strong political Alliess. and great cognition of England. Earl Godwine played a monolithic function in Edward going a King ; he persuaded the Earls to accept him. This may be so that Godwine could rule Edward in governing the state or to convert him of his trueness.

In the early old ages of Edwards reign. Godwine took advantage of his weak place and got his household members ; Sweyn. Harold and Beorn the place of Earls. His Daughter Edith. besides became Edwards married woman in 1045. Godwine had used his power and authorization to acquire his household members into strong place. Godwine was an “over mighty subject” and Edward needed to antagonize this. To derive more power. Edward put Normans into powerful and cardinal places. his nephew Ralf was made an Earl. and big estates were given to Bretons ( Robert Fitzwimarc and Ralf the Staller ) . By 1051. Edward had managed to name Normans as bishops. and finally half were filled by Englishmans and the other half by Normans and other aliens ; Godwine and English Earls hated this.

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In 1050. the Archbishop of Canterbury died and alternatively of Godwine’s comparative Aelfric being appointed. he made Robert of Jumieges Archbishop alternatively. The witans supported this determination. this may hold been because Godwine was in such a strong place that the other Earls were covetous. So overall. Edward had non been a complete success with respects to deriving power over Godwine as he hadn’t managed to name all the places to Normans and merely got one up on Godwine when naming archbishop as there was competition between the Earls. However. even though Edward had got one up on Godwine. Godwine was still responsible for the slaying of his brother Alfred. Godwine had arrested Alfred and killed some of his followings. he was so taken out of Godwine’s custodies and but on board a ship where shortly afterwards he shortly died.

In 1046. Godwin’s eldest boy Sweyn abducted a nun and used her as a sex slave. when this was put to visible radiation he was sent into expatriate to Flaunders and Denmark and his land was shared between his brother Harold and his cousin Beorn. As Godwine was unable to forestall this. its shows how King Edward did hold some power over him. However. in 1049 Sweyn returned in the hope of acquiring Beorn and Harold to assist him recover the Kings trust. they refused to make this which finally led in Sweyn killing Beorn. Again. he had committed a offense. but this was of international significance as Beorn was the Kings brother. This resulted in Sweyn being declared as nil by King Edward and his counselors. with his lands being handed to the Kings French nephew. Ralf of Mantes. Again in 1050. Sweyn returned back to England and was surprisingly pardoned by the King.

This shows that Edward was really naive and vulnerable in regard with holding to do determinations independently. The Godwine’s were an improbably influential power in England. and Edwards actions show that he in unable to maintain them out of power for really long. During Edwards reign. there was a large menace of England being invaded by the Scandinavians and Vikings. Some of these people had claims to the throne and wanted to take over the state and claim their places. Swein had appealed for Edwards aid nevertheless. Edward decided to follow the “wait and see policy” . This policy was non-interventionist and meant that he didn’t acquire involved with other states jobs. In the terminal Harold Hardrada and Swein were contending for domination in Scandinavia which meant they didn’t invade England.

This resulted in the Foreign policy being a success. England was benefited enormously as people were financially wealthier as they didn’t have to pay excess revenue enhancement. besides Edward was going more independent in his determinations with jurisprudence and order as his determinations merely seemed to hold positive effects on the state ; during Edwards reign. England was non invaded. remaining out of the state of affairs kept England safe. Edwards popularity soared with the populace as they were salvaging money which benefitted their households. Another job Edward had to get the better of during his reign was the domestic policy. Edward had to make up one’s mind how the state needed opinion and what the best policies were. If he chooses an unpopular and inappropriate policy the state would be in a catastrophe and he would have even less support which he urgently needed as he was already in a weak place.

As the foreign policy was a great success. Edward was able to reform the domestic policy and abolished the annual geld in 1051 which paid for 14 manned ships to be a lasting defense mechanism for the state. alternatively he made an understanding with the Cinque Ports. ( these were Sandwich. Dover. Fordwich. Romney and Hythe ) . In exigencies these ports would provide manned war vessels to support the state. This new policy meant that the public didn’t have to pay the geld but the Cinque Ports had to guarantee that they were ready for an exigency. As a consequence the population became better off without holding to pay the revenue enhancement. hence Edwards’s popularity dramatically increased seting him in a stronger place.

Edward took a monolithic gamble with reforming the domestic policy ; it was both naive and forward thought. If England had been invaded in Edwards reign it would hold had a annihilating consequence on the state. On the other manus Edward gained a batch more support from the populace ; this strengthened his place as a King. Edward had succeeded in relation to the foreign policy and the domestic policy. Overall. I think that Edward was a successful King although some of his determinations succeeded down to luck.

With respects to the powerful Earls. he was able to get the better of this job as he got many of his sure Normans into cardinal places but because there were besides power battles between the Earls so in some determinations they supported him to degrade Godwine. so therefore they were non trusted and dependable Alliess to Kind Edward. Both the Foreign policy and the Domestic policy were a success. they gained support from the state but Edward was improbably lucky that the state was non invaded during his reign. Edward was really frontward believing in his determinations. and did go a successful King even though in the first few old ages of his reign he faced many jobs.


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