Years of observation and study have indicated that one such trait or a set of traits does not make an extraordinary leader. What scholars have been able to arrive at is that leadership traits of an individual do not change from situation to situation; such traits include intelligence, assertiveness, or physical attractiveness. However, each key trait may be applied to situations differently, depending on the circumstances. Determination and drive include traits such as initiative, energy, assertiveness, perseverance, masculinity, and sometimes dominance 1 The following summarizes the main leadership traits found in research by Jon P.
Howell, business professor at New Mexico State University and author of the book Snapshots of Great Leadership and often are very competitive with others. Cognitive capacity includes intelligence, analytical and verbal ability, behavioral flexibility, and good judgment. Individuals with these traits are blew to formulate solutions to difficult problems, work well under stress or deadlines, adapt to changing situations, and create well-thought-out plans for the future.
Howell provides examples of Steve Jobs and Abraham Lincoln as encompassing the traits of determination and drive as well as possessing cognitive capacity, demonstrated by their ability to adapt to their continuously changing environments. Self-confidence encompasses the traits of high self-esteem, assertiveness, emotional stability, and self-assurance. Individuals that are self-confident do not doubt themselves or their abilities ND decisions; they also have the ability to project this self-confidence onto others, building their trust and commitment.
Integrity is demonstrated in individuals who are truthful, trustworthy, principled, consistent, dependent, loyal, and not deceptive. Leaders with integrity often share these values with their followers, as this trait is mainly an ethics issue. It is often said that these leaders keep their word and are honest and open with their cohorts. Sociability describes individuals who are friendly, extroverted, tactful, flexible, and interpersonally competent. 2 Such a trait enables leaders to be accepted well by the public, use diplomatic measures to solve issues, as well as hold the ability to adapt their social persona to the situation at hand.
According to Howell, Mother Teresa is an exceptional example that embodies integrity, assertiveness, and social abilities in her diplomatic dealings with the leaders of the world. Few great leaders encompass all of the traits listed above, but many have the ability to apply a number of them to succeed as front-runners of their organization or situation. 3 Forms of leadership There are three kinds of leadership: coercive, charismatic, and conventional. Coercive leadership is what you get in a dictatorship, or a pack of dogs. The leader is whoever took the post by force.
They stay in power as long as they can defeat or deter challengers, which requires that the leader is the strongest, literally or in the sense of being the most ruthless. There is a top- down power structure that keeps the majority in line by reminding them that they have no choice. Charismatic leadership is what you find in a band, or other relatively fresh voluntary association. The leader is perceived as being the best at whatever is the aim of the organization. Followers follow the deader because they value their inspiration and direction.
Any challengers would have to demonstrate superior ability, rather than attack the leader as such. Conventional leadership is the kind found in democratic states and other large, mature organizations. The leader has no distinguishing characteristics other than fairness and commitment. The members of the organization subscribe to the leadership because they see the benefits of structure and coherence. The leader is expected to identify and publish a consensus direction, but not primarily to steer the group. 4 All three kinds of leadership have validity, including the coercive one in retain contexts.
Problems in leadership typically occur when the leader misrepresents, is not true to, or changes the kind of leadership that they are in charge of. States are almost always structured as coercive, because of their roots in ethnic and class conflict. They emphasize forced compliance with laws and have a large domestic enforcement apparatus. This does democratic polity a disservice. Substantially, modern states are conventionally led. Laws are obeyed and institutions observed when the majority think that those are useful. Coercing the majority is unproductive.
Dissent ought to be accommodated and outright enforcement reserved for those who are too selfish or short sighted to abide by the norm. From time to time states get a charismatic leader. Less not clear whether these are good or bad. Kennedy was charismatic but he escalated the Vietnam war, nearly triggered WWW, and sent people on impressive but useless trips to the moon. Geographer was a conventional leader who embarked on the task, deemed necessary by consensus, of modernizing the Soviet state through a reformist path. I prefer Geographer.
Charismatic leaders are also prone to utilization, so that the action feels that only a supposedly higher grade of person can provide leadership 5 Importance of Leadership Leadership is an important function of management which helps to maximize efficiency and to achieve organizational goals. The following points justify the importance of leadership in a concern. 1. Initiates action- Leader is a person who starts the work by communicating the policies and plans to the subordinates from where the work actually starts. 2. Motivation- A leader proves to be playing an incentive role in the concern’s working.
He motivates the employees with economic and non-economic rewards and thereby gets he work from the subordinates. 3. Providing guidance- A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates. Guidance here means instructing the subordinates the way they have to perform their work effectively and efficiently. 4. Creating confidence- Confidence is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively.
It is also important to hear the employees with regards to their complaints and problems. 6 5. Building morale- Morale denotes willing co-operation of the employees towards their work and getting them into confidence and winning their trust. A leader can be a morale booster by achieving full co-operation so that they perform with best of their abilities as they work to achieve goals. 6. Builds work environment- Management is getting things done from people. An efficient work environment helps in sound and stable growth. Therefore, human relations should be kept into mind by a leader.
He should have personal contacts with employees and should listen to their problems and solve them. He should treat employees on humanitarian terms. . Co- ordination- Co-ordination can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals. This synchronization can be achieved through proper and effective co-ordination which should be primary motive off leader 7 CHAP TERM : GOOD LEADER Here are 10 characteristics of good leadership: Recognizes the value in other people, so continually invests in others – Good leaders see a large part of their role as developing other leaders.
Leadership development takes place in an organization as good leaders begin to share their experiences, good and bad, with others. Shares information with those n the organization -? There is a tendency of some leaders to hold information, because information is power, but a good leader knows that the more information the team has that collectively the team is better, which directly benefits the leader. Has above average character – There are no perfect people, but for a leader to be considered good, they must have a character that is unquestioned within the organization.
Leadership always draws criticism from someone, so a leader may not be able to get everyone to believe in him or her, but the people who know the leader best should trust the leader’s character. Uses their influence for the good of others -? Good leaders are as interested in making a positive difference in people’s lives as they are in creating a healthy profit margin. 8 This doesn’t mean that balance sheets and income statements aren’t important, in fact they are vital for the success of an organization (even non- profits), but a good leader doesn’t separating a desire for helping others from the desire for financial success.
Good leaders find ways to leverage financial health to strengthen the well-being of others. Is skillful and competent – Good leaders can be depended on for their professionalism and follow through. You don’t question whether a good leader is going to be able to complete a task. If they don’t know how to do something, they will find someone who does, but they will ensure that a job is done the best way it can be done. Not afraid for others to succeed (even greater than their own success) – Good leaders realize that some followers will outgrow the leader’s ability to develop them any further.
Good leaders, however, aren’t threatened by another’s success. They are willing to celebrate as those around them succeed. Serves others expecting nothing in return – Good leaders have a heart of service. They truly love and value people and want to help others for the good of the one being helped, not necessarily for personal gain. Continues to learn – Good leaders are always learning and implementing those learning into the betterment of the organization. That could be through reading, conferences, web-based learning, or through other leaders, but also through people who report to the leader. Remains accessible, approachable, and accountable to others – Good leaders don’t isolate themselves from people regardless of the amount of responsibility or power he or she attains. Good leaders willingly seek the input of other people into their professional and personal lives. Is visionary: Thinks for the organization beyond today – Good leaders are always thinking beyond today. “What’s next? ‘ is a common question asked by good leaders, knowing that someone must continually encourage change, growth and strategic thinking for an organization to remain healthy.
Roles of a Good Leader What make a great leader? Below are the 7 responsibilities Of a great leader, according to world renowned business trainer, Brian Tracy. 1 . Set and achieve business goals. A leader thinks about the future. You have to have a vision and set your goal eased on that vision. You have to be clear where the business is going in 5, 10 even 20 years. It is your task to see the future and set your goal based on that. You have to set the goal and mission for your business. 2. Innovate and marketing Innovation and marketing bring in customers and sales.
You have to be good at marketing and set an example to other people. 10 You have to be constantly thinking of new ways to market and improve your business to bring in more sales and revenue. This is the 20% of business activities which result in 80% of result. 3. Solve problems and make decision Everybody has problems and crisis all the time. Instead of getting angry, upset and blame other people, you should be solving the problems. A leader is a good problem solver. You rise in life as you develop ability to solve greater problems. The bigger the problem you can solve, the more money you make.
So rather than complaining and being upset, start thinking about the solution and taking action. 4. Set priorities You only have certain amount of time each day. Your task is to decide what to do first, what to do later and what to not do at all. You need to stop doing things of lower value and concentrate on more important tasks. You have to aka a list and decide what is more important. 11 5. Focus and concentrate The ability to focus and concentrate is the hallmark of successful person. Focus means you are absolutely clear of the most important thing to do and concentration means you discipline yourself to focus and work just on that.
Single minded concentration is the most important factor in your success. Concentrate on your most important business, concentrate on your most valuable customer or team member and concentrate on your most effective income producing activity. 6. Set an example Everyone is watching you. You are setting the tone for your business. Everyone is observing you and following what you do. Ask yourself a question, what kind of organization you have when everyone in the organization is just like you? Always imagine you are watched even if no one is watching. 2 CHAPTER Ill: LEADERSHIP IN THE PHILIPPINES Every country needs great leaders to attain its common goals, such as economic progress, national security and sustainable living for its citizens. That is why local and national elections of government officials and leaders are considered as among the most important events that happen in any nation. In the Philippines, poverty, crimes and corruption are still among the eminent problems that most Filipinos are grousing. These problems have already become so common that many Filipinos have already lost their hope of a great grand change.
Instead of having a strong desire to join others In developing our nation, many of us have been stuck in making that goal only a dream. Now, we all need to stop dreaming. Let us again transform that dream into a strong desire. Let’s put that desire in our heart – the heart that we can’t live without. A great leadership in the Philippines must become alive, and it’s never too late to start. If you’re a Filipino whose love is for his own country, oh should learn how to lead the Filipinos. The following discussions shall guide all of us.
Start leading the first Filipino that you can – yourself Leadership is not only for mayors, governors, congressmen, senators or for the president. It’s not only for priests, famous artists or the business icons. Leadership is for all of us. You can be a leader of yourself. That is why if you want to lead the Filipinos, you should start by leading the nearest Filipino within your reach – you. Corruption is not only happening in the government agencies or in the house of legislations. Corruption can also occur within us. There, it actually starts it all.
Ask yourself why there are some people who succeed in life despite of the perhaps dirty politics that’s happening in our country. They actually live a better life despite of that. The reason is that they are not affected and corrupted by that external force of corruption. They are on their own uncorrupted selves which they have achieved through personal development. So how can you lead yourself anyway? Here are some things you can do to accomplish it. – Lead yourself to finding your real talents and in developing it. – Lead yourself to learning good virtues, such as patience, license, kindness, generosity, compassion and humility. Lead yourself to evaluating your current values and principles, and in correcting washes wrong with them. 14 – Lead yourself to a healthy lifestyle and in overcoming your vices. – Lead yourself to bringing your own business or profession to success. – Lead yourself to financial freedom. – Lead yourself to keeping honesty and integrity. – Lead yourself to loving God, your family, and our country. – Lead yourself to becoming a law abiding citizen. – Lead yourself to many other activities that can cause your self development. Analyze our national problems
If you have made yourself great and personally developed, you are now capable of becoming a selfless person. This is because you are now a stronger person who can prioritize others rather than yourself. You are now more capable of leading other Filipinos. To lead our countrymen, we need to find out the problems that our country is experiencing. We need to explore not only the problems that we see, but also the roots of these crises. Here’s how you can be aware of what’s wrong with the Philippines now. – Watch, read and hear the news about the Philippines inside and out our country. You can do these with TV, radio, newspaper or the Internet.
Join and observe people’s discussions about what’s happening in our country. You can join forums and groups online, such as on Faceable or in Twitter. – Study economics 15 – Learn the right politics. – Read our Philippine History and the previous governments. – Study the current laws and regulations in our country. – Look around you. – Talk and discuss with your friends, classmates and officemates any current issues about our country. – Do other things that will increase your awareness about the Philippines. In other words, you should not ignore what’s happening with our nation. Remember that loving starts from knowing.
Hence, if you want to love our country, you should start by knowing it. Know our country and analyze our problems. You can start it by gathering important data though the list above. We need to sacrifice our self-interest. If you spend more time in following the news about Lady Gaga, Brittany Spears or Justine Bibber, why not Start allocating more time on the news about the Philippine realities. If you are already bored and uninterested in hearing the current news, you can go back to our history or look forward to our future to get information that can be useful for our nation today. 6 Discover solutions to those problems After collecting information about our country and about us, it’s time to do something with those pieces of information. Leadership is not all about knowing, isn’t it? Thus we need to find solutions on those problems that we realize. But how? There are obvious crises that we are facing, such as poverty, war in Mindanao, street crimes, the possible destruction of our natural resources, overpopulation and corruption in the public offices. If we make researches, we can actually understand that the solutions to these problems are simple. It’s just not easy.