Leo Darroch experiences “The Past is our Present to your Future” whenever she reads this lettering in forepart of the memorial of the former Prime Minister Earl Grey in the centre of the Newcastle upon Tyne. a metropolis in UK. ( Darroch. Online ) These words. harmonizing to the writer. were most likely inscribed to dig upon the people the value of keeping traditions of the Catholic Church. This was love for traditions ; rather alone and true but it is besides true that from our yesteryear is born our present and from our present our hereafter.
The manner we have adopted our lives and the manner we are populating today and caught in the barbarous circle of our lives has been the consequence of more than 400 old ages of development of several human personal businesss in the signifier of several mile rocks crossed in all societal. economic. political. military every bit good as all in the domains that human life can even believe of. From the reign of the France’s King Louis XIV to the decease of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1821. many alterations took topographic point. which had an ageless impact non merely in France and Britain but besides whole of Europe and even many parts of the universe. which were settlements.
These alterations were preponderantly on history of the reforms constituted by the swayers in their several periods. Many reforms took radical bends altering complete life manners and whole traditional values and constructs on which their life was based. Many adventuresome propositions of King Louis IV led to many wars in the Europe between the old ages 1650-1715. Several alterations were witnessed in wars. and many theories. new techniques of warfare and new patterns emerged with many climaxing in what is known as modern manner of warfare.
He introduced particular wagess for the most brave and virtuous soldiers. and established new order to raise the power and prestigiousness of the soldiers. King besides announced for the soldiers gross and pensions. which would increase harmonizing to the capableness of the soldier. This was the established in the name of Saint Louis and merely officers who had been functioning in the military personnels and on the footing of virtue and distinguished services were considered as eligible for the same and would acquire particular awards and wagess.
Today besides we can see same military orders in several states. Army officers are bestowed with assorted awards and wagess on virtuousness of their courage and heroism. Harmonizing to historiographers. the reign of Louis XIV was get downing of the modern province. Many of the things we see today like centralised authorities. a centralised civil bureaucratism. national statute law. a national bench was initiated under the reign of Louis XIV.
( Page. Online ) Louis XIV was considered as the greatest swayer of his age and clip and the impact of the reforms he laid we can still experience today. Old ages 1769 to 1821 proverb rise of Napoleon Bonaparte in France. who is still known as the Emperor of blades unleashing his power over all Europe every bit good as Russia and threatened British Monarchy but harmonizing to historiographers. he was non merely a sovereign but besides a great decision maker.
He left for his topics and for their approaching coevalss an ceaseless impact of his intelligence and bosom ; 20. 000 stat mis of imperial roads. 12. 000 stat mis of regional roads. 1000s stat mis of canals were the attempts of Napoleon’s long eyesight. ( Weider. Online ) He besides built the Great Cornice route along the Mediterranean seashore. and the mountain roads. which were laid along the Alps through Simplon Pass and Mont Cenis. and many seaports were besides expanded.
( Weider. Online ) It was his advanced and thought procedure that has made our travel smooth and easy and till today these roads are the line of lifes of our economic system and our whole life. There is besides no uncertainty that the period of industrial and scientific revolution merely made possible for us to whizz with a velocity across these roads. Reaching finishs now takes really less clip in contrast to the yesteryear. Napoleon besides started assorted think armored combat vehicles and research centres in France to get down their work on undertakings deemed really of import for the national economic system.
He besides set up an Industrial Board to ease the proviso of informations and information for the Gallic Industry ; now besides there are many industrial boards assisting the industries in all its domains of activities. It was besides the period of enlightenment and Napoleon took advantage of the same by set uping modern system of instruction. He transferred the administrative control of the public schools from the rule of Catholic Church to the State. doing schools as establishments of moral values. nationalist feeling and the intelligence.
Now nuns and priests were out to learn in the public schools and under the reign of Napoleon. France might had been the first of all time state to put up high schools consisting different degrees frequently called as “lycees centrales” ( Haas. 1 ) for pupils hiting high mean Markss and besides schools leaving cognition on trade. excavation. uranology and varied related topics. and now when we look at our schools today. we find the same system. In all the public schools. we are taught different topics and even kids of today are graded and put on the function in the schools depending on the involvement of their topics and besides on their grade degree.
Napoleon besides developed a civil codification. which is still in force in France. known as the Code of Napoleon. ( Haas. 1 ) Between the old ages 17th and 18th centuries were the old ages of many alterations ; the Age of Absolutism. the Scientific Revolution. the Enlightenment. the American & A ; Gallic Revolutions entered the lives of people of Britain. France. Europe and easy yet firm creped into the universe with new ideas. enlightenment. scientific finds and industrial revolution. Scientific revolution. which was thought to get down around fifteenth century. changed the scientific thoughts which were popular in natural philosophies. uranology and biological science.
Thoughtful and intelligent heads. scientists and bookmans were oppugning on the assorted beliefs and patterns. Peoples started believing Sun as the centre of the Universe. which was non so few decennaries back. secondly. the Aristotelean theory on the affair as uninterrupted and made of Earth. Water. Air. Fire got changed to the impression that affair of atomic. Scientific revolution besides questioned the predominant spiritual ideas on the God and the being of the Earth to the extent that we still believe such things today. We still believe Sun is the centre of the whole Universe and now we question every thing. which is spiritual and natural.
We frequently find ourselves inquiring what is God and what is nature? Is at that place any thing like God because no scientific discipline has discovered this so for ; we believe what is scientific? Gallic revolution brought societal alterations ; aristocracy and Feudal Lordship was abolished and adult females. hapless and the in-between category got all the economic. societal and political rights which were withheld by them before the revolution whereas after the American revolution. there was new hope of visible radiation for the settlers. The new state that was created formulated new Torahs and new thoughts with ain administration supplying common defence and general public assistance.
The consequence of the alterations brought approximately by the revolution we can see till today: adult females. hapless and in-between category people enjoy more rights today. Womans can come in into any business of her pick and the hapless and the in-between category can exercise all their societal and political powers. All around us. we can see equality. fraternity. secularism and uninterrupted advancement. Though we are now have oning different manner of apparels. live in the architecturally different houses holding power of electricity enabling us to bask everything universe is supplying yet these are the fruits of those periods of 400 old ages old.
The age of enlightenment during the same epoch made us perpetuate to believe rationally on every facet of life. which antecedently bounded us to antique superstitious beliefs. Now whatever we are taught. we have every right to believe on rational evidences. Philosophers of the period of enlightenment like Pascal. Descartes. Bayle. Montesquieu. Voltaire. Diderot. and Rousseau told us to follow and believe in our power of concluding. ( Rempel. Online ) Today excessively we could see ourselves detecting new things and every clip new moving ridges of idea procedure.
We are today no uncertainty as a effect of the revolutions of our water under the bridge yearss. with more rights to acquire instruction. follow our spiritual ideals and political enterprises and enter into nationalist’s ideas. We have more freedom. more privileges and more objects of luxury. We can make across the Earth sitting at place with the aid of new engineerings but at the same clip. we have besides confided ourselves in selfishness. With the modern techniques of warfare and atomic bombs. we are ever at the threshold of hazard and moreover our scientific enterprises are rendering us more vulnerable to the menace of environment debasement and economic hate.
But overall we are now imbibed and bestowed with the greatest powers which should be enjoyed by human existences like their natural rights. rational ideas. equality. secularism. patriotism and above all uninterrupted advancement. Works Cited Darroch. Leo. “The Past is our Present to your Future” . Internet ( 2002 ) Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. latin-mass-society. org/leounavoce. htm. April 3. 2008. Haas. Werner. “The Reforms of Napoleon and Their Impact on Europe. ”
Internet ( 2007 ) Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. associatedcontent. com/article/257247/the_reforms_of_napoleon_and_their_impact. hypertext markup language? cat=37. April 3. 2008. Page. Thomas M. “Age of Absolutism” . Internet. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //history2. professorpage. info/absolutism. htm. April 3. 2008. Rempel. Gerhard. “AGE OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT. ” Internet. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //mars. wnec. edu/~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/enlightenment. hypertext markup language. April 3. 2008. Weider. Ben. “The Assassination of Napoleon. ” Internet. Available: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. napoleon-series. org/ins/weider/c_assassination_w. hypertext markup language. April 3. 2008.