Examining The Nature Of Data Knowledge Information Technology Essay

The cognition has been created more and more presents. The of import of cognition direction is recognized and efficaciously implement by many organisations.

In this brief essay, I will explicate the differences between cognition and information. After that, there will be the treatment of the importance of cognition direction in the organisation every bit good as how effectual cognition direction can make competitory advantage for the organisation. Besides, the essay explains the accomplishments required to efficaciously implement cognition direction procedure in the workplace through the account of cognition life rhythm.

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Harmonizing to Fernandez ( 2004 ) , to specify cognition, we need to separate it from informations and information. Although they are sometimes used interchangeably, cognition is rather distinguishable from informations and information in nature.

First, informations includes facts, observations, or perceptual experiences which may or may non be true. By itself, information shows the natural Numberss or averments and may hence be devoid of context, significance, or purpose. However, it can be easy captured, stored, and communicated utilizing electronic or other media ( Fernadez, 2004 ) . For illustration, the agenda of films will be show in a twenty-four hours, or observation of figure of left-handed pitchers in a group of people illustrates informations.

Information, harmonizing to Dalkir ( 2005 ) , is the content that represents analyzed informations. Besides, Fernandez ( 2004 ) defined information as a subset of informations, which merely includes those informations that possess context, relevancy, and purpose. It means that information manipulates natural informations to obtain a more meaningful indicant of tendencies or forms in the information. For illustration, for the film manager, the Numberss

bespeaking the day-to-day sold tickets ( in dollars, quality, or per centum of day-to-day gross revenues ) of


each film are considered information. So, the manager can utilize such information to do determinations refering pricing and excess or call off some film shows.

Harmonizing to Fernandez ( 2004 ) , there are two different ways to separate cognition from informations and information. The first one considers knowledge to be at highest degree in a hierarchy with information at the in-between degree, and informations to be at the lowest degree. By this position, cognition refers to information that enables action and determinations, or information with way. Although, cognition is the richest and deepest of the three, and is accordingly besides the most valuable, it is per se similar to information and information.

In the more complete position manner, harmonizing to which cognition is per se different signifier information, cognition is defined in an country as justified true beliefs about relationships among constructs relevant to that peculiar country ( Nonaka, 1994 ) . For illustration, the day-to-day sold tickets can be used, along with other information such as information on the dad maizes and soft drinks sold at the film, to calculate the entire gross. The relationship between the information is an illustration of cognition.

Therefore, as what I understand, cognition is how people get information from information, or more valuable information from less valuable information.



Knowledge direction was defined by Nonaka and Takeuchi ( 1995 ) as the procedure of using a systematic attack to the gaining control, construction, direction, and airing of cognition throughout an organisation in order to work quicker, recycle best patterns, and cut down cost of rework from undertaking to project. It means that Knowledge direction is the logical procedure that helps people to utilize cognition efficaciously and expeditiously.

There are 4 concern drivers that make cognition direction become of import and increase in application for today harmonizing to Dalkir ( 2005 ) . First, the globalisation of concern agencies that the enlargement of organisation to planetary with multisite, multilingual, and multicultural in nature. The enlargement consequences in the more complex work environment that all organisations have to confront because of the addition in the figure of subjective cognition points. The 2nd driver is the thin organisation. As the needed work environment, people need to work faster and smarter as cognition worker to following an increased gait and work load. Another concern driver is the corporate memory loss. This driver explains that people as a work force is no longer anticipate to pass full work life with the same organisation which will make jobs of cognition continuity for the organisation and topographic points uninterrupted larning demands on the cognition worker. Finally, technological progresss make people more affiliated. The progresss in information engineering non merely hold made connectivity omnipresent but have radically changed outlooks, which workers are expected to be on at all times.

Base on the importance of the cognition direction, all organisations need to develop a suited and effectual attack to pull off their cognition. By making so, they will acquire many benefits to make competitory advantages. At first, effectual cognition direction attack will supply many benefits to each single employees of the organisation. It helps the employees in making their occupation and save clip through better determination devising and job resolution. It builds a sense of


community bonds within the organisation and helps people to maintain up to day of the month. It besides provides challenges and chances for employees to lend. The effectual attack besides brings benefits to organisation. It helps drive scheme for organisation, solves jobs more rapidly, and diffuses best patterns. Besides, it improves cognition embedded in merchandises and services. It cross-fertilizes thoughts and increases chances for invention. In add-on, it enables organisations to remain in front of the competition better, and builds organisational memory.

Therefore, in my point of position, cognition direction is indispensable for all type of concern presents. With an effectual cognition direction, the organisation

can ease coaction and aid knowledge worker connected. It besides helps organisation in doing determination base on complete, valid and good interpreted informations, information, and cognition.


Nowadays, most of organisations realize that the of import of pull offing cognition efficaciously. For making so, they need to be ever able to place, generate, get, diffuse and gaining control the most valuable benefits of cognition that sets up a strategic advantage to themselves. It besides needs to hold the ability to distinguish the information, which is digitizable, and true cognition assets, which can merely be with in the context of an intelligent system ( Dalkir, 2005 ) . To be able to clearly understand the demands for efficaciously implement cognition direction processes in the workplace, we may discourse the cognition life rhythm and schemes in each phases of the rhythm.



Base on the research of Birmingham and Sheehan ( 2002 ) , cognition has a life rhythm. Their survey had showed that new cognition is born as uncertainness thing, and it organize into form as it is tested, matures through execution in world, is diffused to a turning user, and eventually becomes loosely understood and acknowledge as common pattern. The cognition can treat through four phases of cognition life rhythm: creative activity, mobilisation, diffusion and commoditization.


At this phase, cognition foremost appears in person & A ; acirc ; ˆ™s caput as an thought. In fact, no 1 can to the full understand the thought or emerging cognition, even if individual making it. In making concern, the suited scheme in this early phase is to prove the thought on its commercial viability. To promote this activity, organisations need to make an environment which requires accommodations in the undermentioned countries:

Informal Knowledge System: the organisations can put out their infinite in an unfastened program that has many common countries, give their employees clip to experiment, and supply resources for developing plans and conferences in order to turn up cognition efficaciously.

Information Technology Systems: Technology should be considered to link people who have involvement at extremely specialised cyberspace forums instead than to codify and hive away emerging cognition.

Human Resources: Organizations on a regular basis create cognition should engage people in utilizing new cognition for critical feedback.

External Relationship: The contact with external clients and providers will promote the experimental of new thought.



In this phase, cognition continues to be improved, and the organisation will pull out more value from it. To accomplish it, the organisations need to mobilise cognition internally and maintain it off from foreigners. There are attacks for making that:

Informal Knowledge System: The organisation can promote the internal transferences among employees by constructing an internal web.

Information Technology Systems: The IT should concentrate on engineering that can enable the informal transportation of cognition, and the system need to do it possible for adding remarks on the topic from users.

Human Resources: Thinkers, actors, rebels and pragmatists are needed in order to to the full transform new thoughts into valuable cognition.

External Relationships: It is still of import to keep strong relationship with clients and other spouses in this phase.


In this diffusion phase, the organisations will accept the escape of cognition, and no longer seek to maintain the cognition under wraps. They will distribute out the cognition by selling it to foreigners. Again, the directors should see following attacks in this phase:

Informal Knowledge Systems: cognition in this phase will be disseminated widely and rapidly, which requires a system that focuses on developing employees and promote their usage.

Information Technology Systems: an extended cognition database will be utile for the organisation during this phase. The competitory advantages will stem from the easiness of entree to information.


Human Resources: client advisers will be needed in this phase, so that they can work with clients and acknowledge the value of using the cognition to clients & A ; acirc ; ˆ™ jobs.

External Relationship: organisations should concentrate on edifice strong clients relationship by their services, and utilizing their trade name to make the differences with other rivals.


The organisations concentrate on pull offing cognition that is already good known. The basic cognition has been wholly diffused. However, there are many chances to pull out value from current cognition to bring forth one in this phase. The approached to pull out value as follow:

Informal Knowledge Systems: in this phase, the usage of formal cognition systems will be more valuable than the informal 1. The systems will assist the organisation to provide the best patterns that can add value to well developed procedures, and promote new ways of commercializing bing cognition.

Information Technology Systems: organisations should develop effectual hunt engines and retrieval systems because of the important volume of paperss that have gathered overtime.

Human Resources: it is similar to the demands of the diffusion phase. However, the demand for the cognition may worsen the demand for the occupations will be reduced. It is better to utilize the contract employees to work out this job.



Base on my research, cognition is much different from informations and information. It is how people use informations to crate valuable information and from less valuable information to more valuable one. In other words, cognition in an country can be defined as justified true belief about relationships among constructs relevant to that peculiar country.

Every organisation needs to implement efficaciously its cognition direction processes due to four of import drivers. By making so, it will convey many benefits to the concern every bit good as the single employees.

The organisations need to understand the cognition life rhythm in order to pull off the cognition. The rhythm comprises four phases, which are creative activity, mobilisation, diffusion, and commoditization, points out the indispensable accomplishment needs to efficaciously implement cognition direction procedure.




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