First I will start with the US Federal Judicial System this court is for of course federal crimes it is in the name. The federal court is much more strict for example you cannot talk to the judge at all during court. You are expected to carry yourself in a professional manner at all times. Federal cases are investigated by federal agencies, such as the FBI, ATF, DEA, and the federal prosecutors. The Federal court utilizes sentencings with a chart when imposing sentences on those convicted of a crime. The federal court deals with about 1 million cases a year. That is way below as many cases that the state court has to here annually. The federal court is established in the US Constitution to decide disputes involving laws passed by congress. Everything is uptight and strict with everything they do which differs from the California State Court System. The real difference between these two are is jursidiction and the kinds of cases the court is authorized to here.
The California State courts of general jurisdiction they have to hear all cases not like the federal court when they could choose the cases they want to hear. Just as the federal court make their own laws state courts make your laws to retain power and make sure that the national government does not become too strong to overpower the states. Most of the cases heard in state court are state level crimes. For example cases like violation of state law,robbery, assault many drug related crimes, real estate cases, personal injury cases, divorces, custody, heritance, traffic and juvenile cases, copyright, and drunk driving defenses.
The US Constitution is the supreme law of the land of United States. They created a federal system of government in which power is shared between the federal government and state government. Due to federal, both the federal government’s each of the states governments have their own court. Federal and state courts operate in much like the same way. Federal and state courts have different since indictments for different crimes but the defendant of the court case will hear the sentence and is allowed to address the court. They both also have an appeals process for convicted defendants. They also both must adhere to the ruling of appeal courts when the decision is handed down.