Freedom And Liberty

October 4, 2018 Communication

subject = Essay Expositiontitle = Freedom And Liberty Freedomand Liberty (a book review of George Orwell’s 1984)Living in a societywith limited freedom of expression is not, in any case, enjoyable. A Totalitariansociety is a good example of such a society, because although it provides controlfor the people, it can deny them a great deal of freedom to express themselves.

The fictional society in George Orwell’s 1984 also stands as a metaphor fora Totalitarian society. Communication, personal beliefs, and individual loyaltyto the government are all controlled by the inner party which governs the peopleof Oceania in order to keep them from rebelling. Current society in Americais much more democratic. It contrasts with Orwell’s society of 1984 becausecommunication, personal beliefs and the people’s loyalty to the governmentare all determined by the individual.

In order to keep the people of Oceaniain conformity with the desires of the governing Inner Party, the Inner Partycontrols several aspects of the people’s lives. Communication, for one, iscontrolled for the benefit of the nation. Newspeak is a modified version oflanguage that is enforced upon the people in order to limit their expression.

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Syme and Winston, two middle-class workers in Oceania, discuss the conceptof Newspeak. Syme reveals that he supports the system, demonstrating how hehas been brainwashed by the Inner Party who enforces the system. “It’s abeautiful thing, the destruction of words… You haven’t a real appreciationfor Newspeak, Winston… Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is tonarrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thougtcrime literallyimpossible, because there will be no words in which to express it. (p. 46)” One can detect from this quotation that the people of Oceania, as a group,have been brainwashed by the Inner Party to use only Newspeak. Syme, for one,understands the purpose of it, and he still complies with the system becausehe has been trained to do so. The concept of Newspeak is designed to controlpersonal beliefs of the citizens by limiting their form of expression as Symeexplains. But when the governing system is not followed, Thought Police areused to prevent thoughts that oppose the nation. “How often, or on what system,the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork. It waseven conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. (p. 6)” Thereis no doubt that – through both Newspeak and Thought Police – the system ofgovernment in 1984 has adequately prevented the people from thinking againstit. When all this surveillance is placed on the people, they learn to complywith their country and eventually begin to value it automatically. At theend of the story, after Winston is accused by the Thought Police of thoughtcrimeand is tortured, he finally conforms to the general thoughts of Oceania. “Hehad finally won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother. (p. 245)” This quote indicates that the inner party has done everything that was necessaryto preserve Winston’s loyalty to the nation. Even Winston, who at one timewas against his government, has now been “fixed” to support it and love hisleader. The government of Oceania has gone to great lengths to change Winston’smind, and as always, they have gotten what they desire.

America in 1997 ismuch different from Orwell’s 1984 because, for one, freedom of expression isa dominating factor in American communication. In conversation as well asnewspapers and magazines, a variety of views and opinions are openly expressed.

Censorship is not enforced to a high degree. As an example, demonstrationsand protests are often held which counter certain governmental policies; lawsor propositions are often spoken out against in public. The fact that theserebellious actions are not punished by the government proves that the governmentof America is much more lenient than that of 1984. The expression of sucha variety of beliefs comes from the freedom of individual beliefs. The thoughtsand opinions of the individual are not maintained by the government; the governmentdoes not have a system to control the thoughts of the individual. This iswhy one commonly sees such a variety of beliefs and ideas spread in advertisementsand media. For instance, while there are often advertisements for meat,leather or fur products in magazines and such, other advertisements often tryto suggest a more humane treatment of animals, therefore contradicting theidea that animals should be


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