Great Leaders: Are They Made or Born? Essay

August 4, 2017 Psychology

Skills such as communications accomplishments. strategic and leading accomplishments are frequently questioned whether they are learned or of course born within a individual. These arguments are caused by the bipolar resistance of an individual’s growing as influenced by raising and nature. Human behaviours are studied by psychologists and sociologists to explicate the phenomena whether those behaviours are unconditioned or learned and acquired. One of those phenomena is a person’s success in footings of leading abilities. Leadership accomplishments are enhanced and developed through public presentation. actions and experiences ; therefore. triumphant and great leaders are made. non born.

Leadership is defined as “working with and through others to accomplish objectives” ( qtd. Goldsmith ) . It means that any individual who is in a place and whose success and accomplishment entails the support of others. can play the function of a leader ( Goldsmith ) . Leaderships make possibilities ( Avolio 3 ) . so the belief of most psychologists so that leading qualities are unconditioned are now being debated because of several researches that show the other possibility: leading accomplishments can be mastered and developed ( Avolio ) .

It is non plenty to believe in the “Great Man” theories. which assume that the ability for leading is built-in and inborn–that great leaders are born. non made. The theories most of the clip illustrate leaders as heroic. mythic and fated to go up to leading when needed ( Wagner ) . However. it is of import to observe that it is misjudged and underestimated if people fail to garner and larn from life and personal experiences. which are said to hold an impact on developing leading accomplishments ( Avolio 3 ) .

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Great leaders emerge in a figure of signifiers ; nevertheless. there are peculiar features that are common to the quality of leadership–a procedure of act uponing members of the organisation to perpetrate and to work difficult towards accomplishing the organization’s ends. Leaderships can either be task-oriented–leaders who are interested most in directing behaviour. preparation. public presentation and winning–or person-oriented. leaders who are enthused more on the interpersonal relationship of the organisation ( Sugarman 1 ) .

On the other manus. in order for a individual to be addressed as a “great” leader. he or she must be both task-and-people-oriented so that every facet of the organisation will be given focal point. The quote “great leaders are people persons” ( Banescu ) . implies that a great leader is person who likes to be with people. listens to them. relates to them. cognize how to pass on good. and talk their linguistic communication and does non speak down to them. Furthermore. great leaders are knowing and efficient decision makers.

It means that the leader comprehends the plants that are being done in all the countries of the organisation: how the countries and the people collaborate. The leader possesses a good apprehension of the strengths and failings of the people he or she administers. He or she devotes resources and clip to rectify the failings and reenforce the strengths ( Banescu ) . It is besides indispensable to take into consideration that a leader needs to hold the qualities that the organisation is integrating. For case. if a leader desires his or her members to be confident and be disciplined. it is indispensable that he or she must foremost possess those traits.

In order for a individual to be called as a leader. he or she needs to take by illustration. A leader serves as an influential theoretical account for all his or her members. so everything he or she does will be watched and looked at ( Sugarman 1 ) . Basically. the accomplishments of a great leader revolve on his or her capacity to pull off and take the members of his or her organisation. every bit good as to carry through and make his or her ain undertakings while doing certain that the organisation maps good in accomplishing its ends and aims. Great leaders’ qualities and abilities centre on action instead than place.

Leaderships are in the place to oversee the organisation and its members and to do certain that every facet performs good. Leadership is non chiefly about exerting one’s power and widening his or her rule by mistreating his or her authorization and pull stringsing the members of the group. Therefore. a leader guides the members of the organisation. non regulations them. He or she draws a class. bestows way and enhances and develops the societal and psychological surroundings ( qtd. Sugarman 2 ) . Given the aforesaid premises. so. how great leaders are made?

Bing a leader particularly a exultant and great one is a affair of pick. a affair of precedence and a affair of challenge. Of class. every single desires to go a leader and sees him or herself as a accelerator of alteration. However. albeit the dreams and visions of going one. merely those who follow their bosom and who make the move have evolved to go leaders. However. going a great leader is more ambitious than merely turning into an ordinary and usual leader. “Great” is a really powerful and strong adjective that describes the whole capacity and leading abilities of a individual.

It is how a individual makes usage of his or her leading capablenesss every bit good as how he or she maximizes his or her strengths and potencies in order to pull off and take the organisation decently. It is besides about using his or her leading accomplishments in order to make and detect new schemes and techniques. As what the old expression goes. “A treasure can non be polished without clash. nor a adult male perfected without test ; ” this statement is really much suitable with respects to the account of doing great leaders.

It means that a individual needs to larn from his or her personal experiences in agreement to his or her leading potencies. The acquired cognition and experiences will decidedly be of great aid to an individual’s leading development. So in order to go a great leader. a leader must foremost be beaten with a batch of tests and challenges during the procedure. Great leaders: are they made or born? That inquiry has been normally asked and has been studied for several decennaries.

Psychologists so insist that great leaders are born because leading accomplishments are acquired from one’s ascendants. The leader’s abilities are integral on their cistrons. However. that impression with leading is said to be unsafe because it promotes self-delusion and irresponsibleness. It crafts an flight on one’s duty for taking action or for larning how to take action when he or she has seen the demand of the organisation or the community ( Heifetz 20 ) . On the other manus. current researches show and reveal that great leaders are made. non born.

Because even though the individual has been born with accomplishments and abilities. but he or she fails to use them and fails to use it in his or her experiences and leading battle. still. his or her unconditioned capacities have no usage. But if a individual is already born with first-class accomplishments on leading and chooses to heighten and develop those accomplishments. he or she has the power to transform him or herself into a individual that he or she yearns for him or herself to be – a adept leader. Great leaders are made because of several things that triumphant leaders accomplish.

Such things involve acquiring 390 grades feedback on his or her present effectivity. picking the most indispensable behaviours for alteration. inquiring the members of the group for suggestions on how he or she can make a better occupation. listening to the members’ thoughts. and following up and mensurating alteration in efficiency over clip ( Goldsmith ) . Given that. an first-class leader provides a serene atmosphere where members can larn and turn. At the same clip he or she gives duty to the group and Fosters independency ( Sugarman 2 ) .

Great leaders are made because they make usage of their accomplishments and abilities and use what they have learned and what they have experienced in the class of their leading procedure and development. They do non merely sit on their tabular array and order the members to make their occupations and to carry through the organization’s end ; hence. exultant leaders work together with their members. They motivate the group. non pull strings it. Great leaders are made because such leaders are unfastened for crafting possibilities and accomplishing the unexpected. They make things happen by making actions and taking duties.

They do non merely let a thing to happen in itself ; instead. they do something for it and they strive for it. Leadership is non a merely a affair of pick ; it is a affair of precedence and willingness to move. Works Cited Avolio. Bruce. Leadership Development in Balance: Made or Born. London: Routledge. 2005. Avolio. Bruce. 1999. “Are Leaders Born or Made. ” Psychology Today. 05 March 2009 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. psychologytoday. com/articles/index. php? term=pto-393. hypertext markup language & A ; fromMod=popular_work & gt ; . Banescu. Chris. 2007. “Key Characteristics of Great Leaders. ” Orthodoxnet. com Blog. 05 March 2009 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. orthodoxytoday.

org/blog/2007/12/31/key-characteristics-of-great-leaders-part-i/ & gt ; . Goldsmith. Marshall. 2008. “Great Leaderships Are Made. Not Born. ” Harvard Business Publishing. 05 March 2009 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //blogs. harvardbusiness. org/goldsmith/2008/01/great_leaders_are_made_not_bor. hypertext markup language & gt ; . Heifetz. Ronald Abadian. Leadership Without Easy Answers. United States: Harvard University Press. 1994. Sugarman. Karlene. 2008. “Leadership Characteristics. ” Ottewell School. 05 March 2009 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //ottewell. epsb. ca/sports/lead. pdf & gt ; . Wagner. Kendra Van. 2009. About. com: Psychology. 05 March 2009 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //psychology. about. com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories. htm & gt ; .

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