Greece and Rome had various similarities and differences in the classical time period of 800 B. C. E. Some of the similarities and differences between the two were social, political, religious, intellectual, technological, and economic issues. Both Greece and Rome were Latin. Politically, they both had written laws and had emphasis on aerostocrocy. Both groups were polytheistic but they had different forms of each god. Intellectually speaking, Greece was touched by Alexander the Great, while Rome was inspired by Julius Ceaser. Greek invented many inventions amoung them were the gear, screw, and the torsion catepult.
Romans also made great use of aqueducts, dams, bridges, and amphitheaters. The social aspects of Greece and Rome differ in various ways. One way Greece varies from Rome is that Greece were idealists, while Romans was realists. Greeks also made statues of perfect people, on the other hand, Romans made statues of realife people. Another social difference between the two is that Greeks built roads of low quality and they did not have any piticular order. Romans built roads all over the empire, each road lead to Rome. Greeks had their own city-state limits and Rome was just the heart of the empire.
Women also did not have rights in most of Ancient Greece, in earlier times, similar rights were for those in Ancient Rome. Some similarities of Greece and Rome are that they both liked to watch chariot races. In both Greece and Rome, the women were responsible for the home. Both Greece and Rome had slaves and freedman at the bottom two class rankings. With these similarities and differences, Greece and Rome were their own independent culture. Politically speaking, Julius Ceaser was incharged of Ancient Greece. As a republic, the highest ranking in Ancient Rome was the conculs.
Two people were elected each year to become the consuls, they who had supreme power over both civil and military. The prime minister of Greece was the head of government, while the Romans had two magistrates called consuls. Greece and Rome were both seen as major political and military powers in the Mediterranean. They also both held a powerful senate. Religiously, Greeks worshiped many gods and godesses, while the Romans were polytheistic. The Romans believed that the soul could not rest until the body is laid to rest, so the body had to be barrier or cremated.
The Greeks believed that at the moment of death, the spirit of the dead left your body in a little puff or wind. But in similarity, they both worshiped the same gods, Rome just changed the names of each god. Intellectually, Education was very important to Romans. The higher class got a formal education, while the lower classes did not receive one. I Greece, education was a must, they believed the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare them for both peace and war. Roman art is mainly sculpture, pottery, and painting.
Greek art mainly includes painting, sculpture, architecture, coin design, and pottery. Virtually every branch of knowledge came from Greece and Rome. Both the Greeks and Romans have been known to be the creators of natural sciences and philosophy. Some of the basic things that the Greeks created were screws, crains, coins, locks, and the thermometer. Romes basic inventions were central heating, roads, indoor pluming, improved weapons and tactics, and barrel vaults. Often times, Greek communities developed independently because of the mountains.
For trading, because due to the landscape it became necessary to get certain resources through exchange with other communities. The Romans on the other hand, they made their shield out of local natural sources like wood and copper. They also had olives to make olive oil from. Both Greeks and Romans used their natural resources to their advantage, like wood for fires and furniture, crops for food, and other useful resources. The economy of Greece, was characterized by the extreme importance of importing goods, all the more so because of the relative poverty of Greece’s soil.
The economy of Rome was based on agriculture, slaves, and trade. Industrial production was only a small part of their economic base. Both had some similar trading and some of the same values on trading. Greece and Rome had their differences, but in many ways they were surprisingly alike. Without traditions and inventions from both Greece and Rome, we would be no where close to what we are today. Therefore, Greek and Rome have impacted our world in a positive way, even though they have differences aside from their similarities.