Financial abuse. Financial abuse is when you have someone who steals money/possessions or denying them access by taking advantage of their vulnerability such as the elderly or someone who has learning difficulties or mental health issues. Institutional abuse. Institutional abuse is when someone is in a health and social care setting and the staff misuses their authority, bullies or denies the vulnerable individual and fails to maintain professional boundaries. Self neglect abuse.
Self neglect abuse is when someone is not looking after themselves by not washing, dating or harming themselves by cutting or pulling their hair out. Neglect by others abuse. Neglect by others is when a career is not looking after the individual properly by not washing, toileting, feeding or giving personal care. 1. 2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Signs of physical abuse can be the person presenting change in their behavior, being withdrawn, bruising, bite or burn marks, cuts to the skin, broken bones, the person flinching and being on edge.
Sexual abuse. Signs of sexual abuse the person could present behaviors such as sexual comments r behavior, depression, they could self harm and have repeated urine infections, they could be quiet and withdrawn. Emotional/psychological abuse. The signs could be feeling low, depressed, withdrawn, loss of self esteem/self confidence. Showing submissive and fearful behavior. Financial abuse. Signs could be loss of trust in people, not putting heating on in their home, not much food, possessions going missing.
Institutional abuse. Signs could be,submissive behavior, loss of self esteem, loss of self control, incontinence. Loss of self esteem, loosing weight. Self neglect abuse Signs could be unkempt appearance, loss of self esteem, loosing weight. Cuts to their body. Neglect by others abuse. Signs could be not being dressed through out the day, medication being missed, loss of self esteem, loosing weight. Soiled pads, dirty clothes. Bonnie Mcgregor 3/8/14 1. Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to People who are more vulnerable to abuse are the elderly, the young, people with learning difficulties, mental health issues, physical disabilities, sensory impairment and depression. People who have difficulties understanding the situation they are in, people with low self esteem, low self worth, people which are reliant on others for personal care and financial circumstances/management, there environment, living conditions, people dependent on substances (alcohol, drugs). 2. 1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused.
If there is suspicions that someone is being abused, treat all suspicions seriously, write a detailed and accurate report, who they are what you have seen, who the suspected abuser is, what sort of abuse could be happening, when, where and what mime, if possible preserve evidence, inform my superior, 2. Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are is being abused. If there is an allegation treat all allegations seriously, Listen carefully and don’t use leading questions, write a detailed and accurate report, who the alleged victim is and who the alleged abuser is.
What sort of abuse was alleged, when, where and what time, if possible preserve evidence, 2. 3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved. To preserve evidence, use a detailed written report make sure it is signed dated and dinettes, any witness statements signed and dated, take photo’s of evidence e. G. Marks bruising. Store any actual evidence, use agreed procedures for storage of evidence, use a time scale to ensure validity of evidence. 3. Identify national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse. National policies and local systems are, National vetting and barring scheme (BBS), criminal record bureau (COB) checks, Independent safeguarding authority (SIS), safeguarding adults national policy review (2009), every child matters (2003), Working soother to safeguard children (2006), common assessment framework (CAFE) local safeguarding children’s boards and local safeguarding adults boards. Employer/ organizational polices and procedures. 3. Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse Health services, offering medical assistance, checking people have access to the right medical services, they liaise with other health care professionals and offer choices. They provide information on well being and health services available, they look for signs and symptoms of illness and of abuse, they report concerns. Social services, if safeguarding is an issue they can be a part of an investigation, they are responsible for assessing needs and putting correct services in place, offer help and report concerns.
Third sector, organizations such as they provide advice and training programs, they can help vulnerable people offering support with mental health problems. 3. 3 identify reports into serious failures to protect individuals from abuse. Laming report 2000 for the death of Victoria Climb, Harrying council report 2007 the death of baby P, Blue lagoon murder Bedsore’s council report 2009 the torture and death of Michael Gilbert. Birmingham social services 2010 the starvation and death of Kara Aisha.
Investigations review of neglect by the NASH of people with learning disabilities 2009, 6 deaths of individuals with learning disabilities whilst in the care of the NASH. 3. 4 Identify sources of information and advise about own role in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse. Sources of information can be found by searching the internet for safeguarding against abuse, my council can give advice, safeguarding team, the quality care commission, picking up leaflets on abuse from hospitals and doctors, referring to training notes, seek advise from my employer/manager. . 1 Explain how likelihood of abuse maybe reduced by: You can work with person centered values, Identify and support peoples needs and preferences, confirming how they would like their support. Encourage them to make their own choices, talk to them asking if the services are meeting their needs, improving someone’s self confidence encourage self independents, Encourage active ratification with their daily tasks, which decreases vulnerability, make sure they are aware of complaints procedures, and that it is accessible.
By doing all these things you are reducing the possibility or likelihood of abuse. 4. 2 Explain the importance of an accessible complaints procedure for reducing the likelihood of abuse. It is a legal requirement to have a complaints procedure in place, it is important to have transparent policies and procedures and agreed ways of working. So that people are given the opportunity to voice there concerns, to enable the organization o see if there is something wrong that needs addressing, it improves service delivery and you could establish if a pattern is emerging. . 1 Describe unsafe practices that may affect the well being of individuals. Unsafe practices can be, not following a care plan or risk assessment, not keeping training up to date, neglect in duty of personal care which is inappropriate washing, bathing, toileting. Inappropriate physical contact, unsafe administering of medication, failing to check dosage, giving someone, someone else’s medication. Not maintaining professional boundaries, failure to CURB check workers, . 2 Explain the actions to take if unsafe practices have been identified.
If unsafe practices have been identified then you can report your concerns to your manager verbally and in writing, you can increase supervisions and spot checks, supply more training, discipline relevant members of staff. 5. 3 Describe the action to take if suspected abuse or unsafe practices have been reported but nothing has been done in response. You have the right to go directly to social services or the police, you can call the ICQ and also your local safeguarding team.