Health and social care

June 10, 2018 Health

Babies has enough of iron and copper stored until the baby starts eating solid food. Weaning: Weaning should not be done until the baby turns 4 months of age because as doing it early the baby may cause later obesity or any allergies. Childhood (4-10 years old) Children this life stage tend to be more active than any other life stafe and are growing fast. Children energy requirements are not as high as adults. Children at this stage don’t have appetites, children should be encouraged to eat health and balanced diet such as fresh fruits and vegetables, fish potatoes, pasta and rice.

Children should eat less sweets and crisp and this can lead to obesity and tooth decay. Adolescence (11-18 years old) People in this group stage have large appetites and are still growing. It is important to eat sensibly and not to go through phases of overeating or starving themselves in order for them to lose weight. Adulthood (19-65 years old) Nutritional needs reduce with age in adulthood and in general adults need to eat healthy balanced diet including in the diet, carbohydrates such as bread, rice or pasta. Fatty food should be kept to a minimum and should take physical activity on regular basis.

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Old age (65 years old +) Old age stage dietary needs is not much different in the energy needs of adults. As we become less mobile and when our energy decrease or appetite also decreases, so it is important that older adults have healthy diet which includes protein, vitamins and minerals. Infancy (0-3 years old) Carbohydrates and fats Infants need carbohydrates in their diet as it helps them grow, develop. Proteins Infants need protein because the organs main nutrient is protein, Nails, skin,hair all need protein.

And it provides them with natural hormones that boost their growing. Iron It is important for infants to grow and to get enough iron in their diets. Calcium It is important for infants to get enough calcium to build strong bones and prevent fracture. Vitamin C Promotes healthy cell development and protect cells from damage and it also supports the immune system Vitamin A Essential for normal eye function, promotes growth and repair of body tissues. Helps protect the body from infection by skin and tissues healthy. Vitamin D

Helps support a healthy immune system and helps maintain blood levels of calcium and it also the body absorb calcium. Old age (65 years old+) Carbohydrates and fats Proteins Iron Iron is important for many function in the body which helps formation of red blood cells and transport oxygen to tissues. Calcium Calcium can help to age related bone loss which can result in fracture. Calcium helps keep bones, muscles, and nerves healthy. Vitamins C Vitamin c is needed for several function in the body which helps heal wounds. And formation of healthy tissues Vitamin A Vitamin D


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