Hierarchy Of Needs In A Dolls House English Literature Essay

July 31, 2017 English Literature

The controversial drama A Doll ‘s House by Henrik Ibsen is one that can be studied and critiqued to a great extent. Ibsen was known to compose dramas on forbidden topics including ostracism, illicit kids, pox and mercy killing in the drama Ghost. These topics created mirrored individualities that many were scared to even speak about in the Victorian society of their times. This drama is celebrated for many grounds including Nora ‘s hunt for individuality, unconventional play, and the “ existent ” side of societal issues. Ibsen was n’t afraid to believe outside the box, and allow his dramas illustrate that. After reading this drama it is clear that the Helmar household, more- so Nora demonstrates many degrees of Abraham Maslow ‘s hierarchy of demands. Throughout the drama it is clear that many of her demands are non being met, and in bend she acts the manner she does to seek and run into those demands. Many can misidentify this for a strong “ feminist thought ” .

Abraham Maslow ‘s hierarchy of demands is defined as “ five mutualist degrees of basic human demands ( incentives ) that must be satisfied in a rigorous sequence get downing with the lowest degree. “ ( businessdictionary.com ) A individual ‘s demands start from the underside, and work their manner up. Physiological demands for endurance and security are the most cardinal and most of import demands. The 2nd degree is safety, including wellness, household, and prosperity. Social needs, include the strive for love and belonging, and self- regard demands such as feeling respected, admirable and valuable. The 4th degree in the hierarchy of demands is esteem. This includes ego regard, personal acknowledgment, and achievement. The highest degree of demands is the self -actualization incorporating self-fulfillment, and accomplishment. Harmonizing to an article of the hierarchy of demands, “ Physiological, security, societal, and esteem demands are lack demands ( besides known as D-needs ) , intending that these demands arise due to want. Satisfying these lower-level demands is of import in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or effects. ” ( The Five Levels of Maslow ‘s Hierarchy of Needs by Kendra Cherry, About.com Guide ) Throughout the drama A Doll ‘s House, Nora goes through each of these demands, or should I state, the want of these demands. She has to come to footings with non holding these in her life, in which she easy regains them, and looses another. Nora ‘s interactions with Dr. Rank, Krosgstad, Kristine, and particularly Torvald unconsciously demo how her personality is developed through motives. Harmonizing to Maslow, the first two degrees of demands, which include nutrient, H2O, shelter ( lowest degree ) , fiscal resources, wellness and security ( 2nd degree ) , need to be fulfilled before one single move successfully to the following degree. Each facet of Nora ‘s life is a battle for self credence.

In the beginning of the drama we see Nora in her hunt for the 2nd degree of Maslow ‘s hierarchy which is safety of organic structure, employment, resources, household, wellness, and prosperity. The opening scene portrays to the audience the battle for fiscal endurance, when Nora bring the kids ‘s Christmas nowadayss, and is really close about what she ‘s spent. Their fiscal battle, and Torvalds unwellness, has created them to worry about their fundss really much, yet Nora continues to “ play ” one of the elite of the Victorian epoch. Nora appears to move as though she is a “ pampered kid with a preference for glistening coins clinking together. ” Until the New Year Nora and Torvald do non hold excess money to pass yet she acts as though money is no object.

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“ Nora- If you truly want to give me something, you might-you might- Helmer. Well, out with it! Nora – ( talking rapidly ) . You might give me money, Torvald. Merely merely every bit much as you can afford ; and so one of these yearss I will purchase something with it. Helmer- But, Nora-

Nora. Oh, do! Dear Torvald ; please, delight make! Then I will wrap it up in beautiful aureate paper and bent it on the Christmas tree. Would n’t that be fun? Helmer. What are small people called that are ever blowing money? Nora. Spendthrifts-I know. Let us make as you suggest, Torvald, and so I shall hold clip to believe what I am most in privation of. That is a really reasonable program, is n’t it? ” ( Ibsen 501 ) This quotation mark is a premier illustration of two things. First we can see that Nora is portrayed as a doll, who abides by and is told of her every move by her hubby.

We can besides see an unconscious demand for the 2nd degree of Maslow ‘s motivational demand, of safety, which includes fiscal standings and wellness. These are intertwined, due to the fact that Nora took out a loan to salvage her ill hubby which will be strung along as one of the chief troubles throughout the drama. Another case in the drama where we can see Nora in hunt of a degree of safety is when Krogstad blackmails Nora about the bad loan. She knows that if this information gets out, particularly to Trovald, she will see intense personal guilt, shame, and legal problems. Although Nora feels cornered by Krogstad, the audience can see that he is merely every bit troubled and in hunt of his ain feeling of safety. Krogstad has three kids that need caring for. Without his occupation he will be unable to supply for them.

When one degree of demands is satisfied and fulfilled another degree stands out to be achieved. The 3rd degree in Maslow ‘s hierarchy of demands is the societal degree of love and belonging. This includes to “ carry throughing this demand for company and credence, as does engagement in societal, community or spiritual groups. ” ( The Five Levels of Maslow ‘s Hierarchy of Needs

By Kendra Cherry, About.com Guide ) The chief thought that people long for is the emotional connect. Of class we see Torvald and Nora ‘s junior-grade interacts a We can see in A Doll ‘s House Nora ‘s following desire for love and belonging. This includes friendly relationship, household and sexual familiarity. Nora acts like she is the perfect small married woman, and familiarity, yet she rapidly comes to the realisation that she is neither. After reading critical analyses of this drama it is highly clear that Nora attempts so hard at these undertakings, merely non in the right ways. Her pursuit for credence and love seem to fall into two different classs. First is deprivation love. This is defined as “ basically selfish need to give and have fondness from others ” ( Brunnemer ) Above that is being-love, which is “ the unselfish desire for what is best for the loved 1 ” ( Brunnemer ) We can see throughout the drama that Nora strives for want love, for her personal demand to experience loved and wanted. Many cases in the Ibsen ‘s drama we can see right through Nora ‘s apparently guiltless motives. Nora tries to delight Torvald, dance about, and talk quietly and respectfully so she will so experience beloved and valued. She feeds off of the demand to dance around like a small “ squirrel ” . “ Nora, favorite, you ‘re dancing as if your life depended on it! ” ( Act 2, pg. 204 ) It is dry, because for Nora, her life does depend on it. She has come to the point where she will make whatever it takes to make full that nothingness. In Ibsen ‘s drama we can see other cases when Nora portrays a overpowering desire for true love ; love she can really experience in her bosom. Dr. Rank has been the merely 1 to demo any true fondness for her, when he confesses his love for her. “ It is no usage lying to one ‘s self. ” ( Dr. Rank, Act Two ) Once Nora has come to footings with what she has been losing, and confesses her ain love for Dr. Rank. Throughout the full drama, Nora have went from different degrees of want in hunt of her ain self- realization.

Harmonizing to Maslow, ego realization is defined as “ the full usage and development of endowments, capacities, potencies, etc. ” ( Motivation and Personality, p.150 A.Maslow ) . He believes “ It is an on-going procedure in which 1 ‘s capacities are to the full, creatively, and gleefully utilised. ” The highest degree of hierarchy of demands includes personal creativeness, intent, significance and all interior potencies. We can see in Ibsen ‘s A Doll ‘s House that Nora has been unconsciously in hunt for self- realization throughout the full drama, until she realizes alteration must happen. Nora has eventually realized that her whole life has been playing make-believe. We can see through one the most good known scenes in the drama Nora has eventually come to footings with her ain life. “ I have existed simply to execute fast ones for you, Torvald. But you wanted it like that. You and father have committed a great wickedness against me. It is your mistake that I have made nil of

my life. our place has been nil but a rumpus room. I have been your doll-wife, merely as at place I was father ‘s doll-child ; and here the kids have been my dolls. ” ( Nora, Act Three ) It is clear Nora is fed up with what her life has come to. At this point in the drama Nora and Torvald are at two different points of their demands. Torvald is merely concerned with his societal standings and what people think of him, while Nora is concerned with happening herself. This quest to happen herself started in the beginning of the drama when Nora says “ Because an ambiance of prevarications like that infects and toxicants the whole life of a place. In a house like that, every breath that the kids take is filled with the sources of immorality. “ ( Act 1, pg. 179 ) Early on on she should hold decided to alter the significance of her being.

An of import quotation mark “ behaviour in the human being is sometimes a defence, a manner of hiding motivations and ideas, as linguistic communication can be a manner of concealing your ideas and forestalling communicating ” ( brainyquotes.com ) The manner Nora had acted all throughout the drama is a clear indicant that all the substance to a healthy life style and a feeling of contentment is gone. The audience feels a sense of sorrow for Nora, and can understand why she does the things she does. In act three Nora says “ I have another responsibility every bit sacred… My responsibility to myself. ” ( Nora Helmer )


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