Deontologists claim that an action or a moral regulation is right because of its ain nature. even if it fails to convey about the greatest good. Deontology is critically based on responsibility ( deontos ) – a moral duty we have towards another individual. a group or society as a whole. In this sense. deontology is concerned with the intrinsic belongingss of actions. non their terminal consequence. Immanuel Kant is arguably the most celebrated advocator of modern deontology.
Harmonizing to Kant. moral jurisprudence is man-made apriori and took an absolutist attack. Kant argued that since everyone possesses the capacity to ground and has a scruples. it would be possible for all people to get at an apprehension of moral truths without the demand for experience. He claimed because ground is cosmopolitan. moral concluding would take to the same consequences over and over once more. Kant belived that obeisance to the moral jurisprudence is a ‘categorical imperative’ – an absolute and unconditioned responsibility on all people to move morally in the right manner.
He said that true morality should non depend on single likes and disfavors or on abilities. opertunitities of external fortunes. Obedience to a moral bid is an terminal in itself. Personal penchants ( intuition ) can non be trusted as a dependable usher to what is morally right. Duty is more of import. and to this terminal. he advocated the rule of universalisbility’ which requires people to ‘act in such a manner that their actions might go a cosmopolitan jurisprudence. Universalisable rules apply to everyone.
In his ‘formula of land ends’ . Kant claimed that every action should be undertaken as if the person were ‘a law-making member of a land of ends’ this should guarantee that every person appreciates the significance of his/her portion in set uping moral guidelines and regulations. Furthermore. the ‘formula of the terminal in itself’ ensures people are vauled for the intrinsic. non instrumental worth. while the expression of autonomy’ emphasiss that a moral action must be truly free if it is to be truly good.