Importance Of Upholding The Malay Islamic Monarchy Philosophy History Essay

This essay will discourse the subject culturally and politically. Brunei represents a merger of Malay-Islamic values which makes it slightly alone in Southeast Asia. The Sultan and his authorities have established a national political orientation, Melayu Islam Beraja ( MIB ) , referred to locally as Malay Islamic Monarchy. This political orientation justifies continuing the absolute monarchy and invokes Brunei ‘s history and Islamic values in support of the Sultanate. Thus, an indivisible connexion has been built between Malay cultural individuality, Islam and the Sultanate. As the dominant political orientation, MIB permeates the little province of Brunei and governs institutional norms and behavior.

This essay will besides turn to the above subject by first researching the construct of Malay Islamic Monarchy Philosophy. Then it will look into the debut of MIB so the civilization of Malay Islamic Monarchy doctrine in relation to Royal Brunei Armed Forced ( RBAF ) , which is divided into the accounts of Malay, Islamic and Monarchy. The essay will explicate the intent of MIB in RBAF and ends with a decision.

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Concept OF MIB

The Sultan ‘s function is to continue in the national doctrine known as MIB. Brunei is one of the oldest bing civil orders in Southeast Asia ; it has a rich historical heritage and the longest lasting sultanate in the part. Through the ages, Brunei acquired a wise sense in the usage of international diplomatic negotiations. The monarchy particularly made effectual usage of this tool to maneuver the land out of really tight state of affairss and, in the procedure, has managed to salvage and continue the individuality of the province to convey it to the position of a full crowned head state. Brunei ‘s authorities a traditional monarchy, is committed to the saving of its people ‘s civilization both spiritual ( Islamic ) and cultural ( Malay ) .

Brunei Darussalam which means in the Arabic term residence of peace ; doubtless acknowledge the mention to the faith of Islam. The term grand Turk is a traditional rubric, derived from the Arabic word for authorization, and used by sovereign in Islamic states. Brunei ‘s authorities now prefers the appellation “ Malay Islamic Monarchy. ”


The opinion monarchy is one of the oldest in the universe. Historical records stated it back to the fourteenth century with ancient local Borneo civilization heroes, including Awang Alak Batatar, who adopted Islam and became the first Muslim grand Turk of Brunei, Sultan Muhammad ( reigned 1405-1415 ) , and his brother, Patih Barbai, who became the 2nd grand Turk, Sultan Ahmad ( reigned 1415-1425 ) , these heroes gave rise to the Barunay ( Brunei ) Lords. The 3rd Sultan Sharif Ali, who was an Arab and said to be a descendent from the Prophet, consolidated the debut of Islam in Brunei. From him are descended all subsequent Sultans. Ever since that period, the monarchy and Islam are closely linked.

Brunei became a British protected province in 1888 and became internally autonomous after the announcement of the fundamental law in 1959. Upon independency, Brunei established its ain defense mechanism force for the first clip since 1881. There is no muster ; hitch in the RBAF is voluntary.

The present swayer, His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah who is the 29th descendant of this Islamic monarchy, officially proclaimed the MIB doctrine on 1st January 1984, the twenty-four hours of Brunei ‘s independency.

The doctrine of MIB has been in being every bit early as the fourteenth century when Brunei ‘s male monarch foremost converted to Islam. MIB has since become the state ‘s system of opinion, its manner of life and signifier of Government.

In 1990, a new province political orientation was launched to advance the integrity of the diverse groups within a plural society. MIB is based on the thought of Brunei as a traditional Malay province, a long-established Islamic province, and a monarchy. All the cultural groups in the state have ever been under the authorization and regulation of the grand Turk.



‘the constitution of Askar Melayu does non intend we are ready to confront a war crisis, but what made us set up Askar Melayu is merely merely one adequateness for a state wishing for a move towards development, like what have been done by every and most of the developed states ‘

Formal address by His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam 23 September 1961 at Istiadat Menghadap His Royal Highness 45th Birthday. Taken from ‘Pelita Brunei ‘ dated 1 Jun 1994.

Brunei Darussalam is a multi-ethnic society in which one ethnic group, the Barunay, has a monopoly of political power. About three-fifths of the population of Brunei is classified officially as Malay. This class, nevertheless, includes non merely cultural Malayans but besides a figure of the autochthonal peoples, viz. the Dusun, Belait, Kedayan, Murut, and Bisaya ( Bisayah ) . Variations in tradition among other cultural groups are non regional but cultural, societal, and lingual. The balance of Brunei ‘s occupants consists of other ( non- ” Malay ” ) autochthonal peoples, such as the Iban ( or Sea Dayak ) . Autochthonal Muslims normally are referred to as Brunei Malays even if they are non native talkers of the Malay linguistic communication. The official linguistic communication is Malay, with English as a major 2nd linguistic communication. Brunei ‘s population is preponderantly Sunni Muslim, although some of the autochthonal peoples are Christian, while others follow their ain local faiths.

Defence force was foremost formed on the 31 May 1961 known as the Askar Melayu Brunei ( Brunei Malay Regiment ) . Due to its history, merely Brunei citizens of the Malay ethnicity ( Bumiputera ) can enlist in the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. The Malay ethnicity comprises the Belait, Bisaya, Brunei, Dusun, Kedayan, Murut and Tutong autochthonal races as defined in the Brunei fundamental law. Military service is non mandatory for any section of the population and there is no military bill of exchange in Brunei.


Brunei proclaimed as an Islamic sultanate. In 1990 the grand Turk encouraged Bruneians to follow MIB, the state ‘s official political orientation. The motion, which celebrated traditional Bruneian values and called for more stiff attachment to traditional Islamic rules, was viewed with anxiousness by non-Muslims, peculiarly members of the Chinese community.

The Sultan is caput of the Islamic religion in Brunei with power on all Islamic affairs. Religious instruction is mandatory for every Muslim people. It is the authorities ‘s aspiration to do Islam a manner of life for the people. The pattern of other faiths is to a certain extend freely allowed.

A portion of the regular military preparation work forces and adult females in the RBAF undergo, there are besides other support services to guarantee that military forces develop into good rounded forces physically, mentally every bit good as spiritually. To this extent, Religious Unit plays a important function in determining the work forces and adult females in military uniforms into the coveted signifier.

RBAF Religious Unit was established on April 1, 2006. The purpose of the unit was to heighten religious cognition in military forces based on Islamic and MIB values. Soldiers were given an chance to better their professionalism as a soldier and a productive citizen through services rendered by the unit, such as Islamic instruction and other spiritual services like reding. The Religious Unit operates through a system that has been formulated through punctilious coordination, planning and execution to bring forth extremely compatible soldiers who go through an intense character development programmed based on Islamic virtuousnesss. The Royal Brunei Land Forces have helped the less fortunate in assorted programmed. The edifice of a house to ease a poorness afflicted person is a good illustration of benefits can be derived from the spiritual unit. RBAF continues to endeavor in community development based on the Islamic rule of seeking to assist the less fortunate.

The Religious Unit was an instrument in presenting spiritual talks in assorted workshops conducted throughout the twelvemonth. Military forces have helped spiritual officers within RBAF to intensify their spiritual cognition to help the RBAF community in countries such as guidance, executing the Haj, roll uping `zakat ‘ , keeping RBAF staff ‘s public assistance and fixing an RBAF forces organic structure during a funeral. Soldiers have benefited vastly from the Religious Unit ‘s part by going more receptive of their functions as a defender of peace and to themselves as persons.


Brunei is a well-established Islamic monarchy, intending that the supreme authorization over the province is vested in the Sultan and that the chief variety meats of disposal are under direct royal control. The Sultan is at the same clip Head of State, Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. This implies that he is the supreme commanding officer of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces.

In concurrence with the fourth Anniversary of the Brunei Malay Regiment on 31st May 1965, Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Sir Muda Omar ‘Ali Saifuddien Sa’adul Khairi Waddien granted the Royal rubric when the word ‘Diraja ‘ ( Royal ) was added to the Brunei Malay Regiment and since so, the Brunei Malay Regiment changed its name to the Askar Melayu Diraja Brunei ( Royal Brunei Malay Regiment ) .

On 31st May 1966, the Royal Brunei Malay Regiment was bestowed with the colorss of Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa’adul Khairi Waddien a twelvemonth after it was given the “ Royal ” rubric in the Royal Colours Presentation Ceremony at Berakas Camp. The coloring material was green, with a background demoing the symbol of a Moon and a star at the underside right, while at the above left is the personal emblem of Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa’adul Khairi Waddien.

In concurrence with the tenth Anniversary of Royal Brunei Malay Regiment on 31st May 1971, His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam bestowed another coloring material known as the Royal Colours at the Padang Besar, Bandar Seri Begawan. The Royal Colours is xanthous embossed with His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah ‘s personal emblem at the bottom right whilst the symbol of the Royal Brunei Malay Regiment is placed at the above left. With the bestowing of the Royal Colours, His Majesty ‘s colorss were converted to the Units ‘ Colours.

On 27th May 1978, in conformity with its 17th day of remembrance, His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam, granted to confer the First and Second Battalion with two colorss, viz. the Royal Colours and the Units ‘ Colours. The ceremonial took topographic point at Padang Besar, Bandar Seri Begawan. The lone difference between the two colors is the extra Roman letters ‘I ‘ and ‘II ‘ , typifying the First and Second Battalions Royal Brunei Malay Regiment.

In 1981 the Women ‘s Company ( strength 250 ) was formed of which Her Royal Highness Pengiran Hajah Mariam became Colonel Commandant. In 1983, in the aftermath of Brunei ‘s independency, the name Royal Brunei Malay Regiment was changed to Angkatan Bersenjata Diraja Brunei ( RBAF ) .

Once once more, history was made with the bestowing of the new Royal Colour and Unit Flag on 12th July 1994 to the First, Second and Third Battalions of the Royal Brunei Armed Land Forces. The presentation of colorss ceremonial was officiated by His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam. The colors as a symbol and kernel of heroic spirit and to give to keep the security and support the sovereignty of Brunei Darussalam in conformity with the construct of Malay Islamic Monarchy.


The debut of the MIB construct in the RBAF is intended to orientate instruction towards the development of a pool of work force, skilled in many Fieldss every bit good as taking at guaranting a Bruneian individuality, peace and security, and communal wellbeing in Brunei-Darussalam. The importance of MIB are:

To promote every forces a mental mentality and attitude of life and such positive qualities of character as will enable the realization of a society which is consistent with traditional Brunei virtuousnesss, such as strong spiritual religion, trueness to the Monarch and a desire for balanced advancement and development.

To convey instructions which are consistent with national aspirations whereby the state is seen as a MIB in which duties are to be shouldered by all people at all degrees of society, without respect to descent, beliefs, spiritual religion or traditional imposts.


This essay has discussed the construct of MIB in Brunei in which it has a dynamic history which relates to the formation of this construct. His Royal Highness encourages his people to follow MIB since it has become the state ‘s system of opinion, its ‘ manner of life and signifier of Government.

The RBAF has been entrusted with the defense mechanism of an Islamic state and the members of its forces are required to continue the national construct of Malay Islamic Monarchy.



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