In psychology

April 10, 2019 Psychology

In psychology, happiness is described as a mental state of well-being defined by pleasant or positive emotions (Anand, P 2016). Happiness Explained. Oxford University Press. page needed. Throughout history, there has been much debate on the concept of happiness. Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Zeno of Citium’s (C344-c202 BC) established the school of philosophy, called Stoicism and identified virtue as sufficient to attain happiness (Stoicism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Whereas, St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 AD) reasoned happiness can be nurtured through intellectual and moral virtues (Aquinas: Moral Philosophy – Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) whereas, German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1780-1860) counters happiness as a wish that is fulfilled, and the absence of fulfillment as suffering. (Arthur Schopenhauer, 1997). Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) recognised that a person with meaning in their life could achieve happiness. In most European languages happiness is associated with luck (Cassin et al.2014).

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